man page search on 4.4BSD

Man page or keyword search:  
man Server   1065 pages
apropos Keyword Search (all sections)
Output format
4.4BSD logo
[printable version]

abort(3)            - cause abnormal program termination
abs(3)              - integer absolute value function
ac(8)               - display connect time accounting
acc(4)              - ACC LH/DH IMP interface
accept(2)           - accept a connection on a socket
access(2)           - check access permissions of a file or pathname
acct(2)             - enable or disable process accounting
acct(5)             - execution accounting file
ace(4)              - ACC 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
acl_check(3)        - access control list routines
acos(3)             - arc cosine function
acosh(3)            - inverse hyperbolic cosine function
active(5)           - list of active Usenet newsgroups
acucntrl(8)         - turn around tty line between dialin and dialout
ad(4)               - Data Translation A/D converter
addftinfo(1)        - add information to troff font files for use with groff
adduser(8)          - procedure for adding new users
adjtime(2)          - "correct the time to allow synchronization of the system clock"
adventure(6)        - an exploration game
afmtodit(1)         - create font files for use with groff - Tps
alarm(3)            - set signal timer alarm
alloca(3)           - memory allocator
amd(8)              - automatically mount file systems
amq(8)              - automounter query tool
ansitape(1)         - ANSI standard tape handler
a.out(5)            - assembler and link editor output format
apply(1)            - apply a command to a set of arguments
apropos(1)          - locate commands by keyword lookup
ar(1)               - create and maintain library archives
ar.5(5)             - archive(library) file format
archive(8)          - Usenet article archiver
arithmetic(6)       - quiz on simple arithmetic
arp4(4)             - Address Resolution Protocol
arp(8)              - address resolution display and control
ascii(7)            - octal, hexadecimal and decimal ASCII character sets
asin(3)             - arc sine function
asinh(3)            - inverse hyperbolic sine function
assert(3)           - expression verification macro
atan2(3)            - arc tangent function of two variables
atan(3)             - arc tangent function of one variable
atanh(3)            - inverse hyperbolic tangent function
atc(6)              - air traffic controller game
atexit(3)           - register a function to be called on exit
atof(3)             - convert ASCII string to double
atoi(3)             - convert ASCII string to integer
atol(3)             - convert ASCII string to long integer
autoconf(4)         - diagnostics from the autoconfiguration code
awk(1)              - pattern scanning and processing language
backgammon(6)       - the game of backgammon
bad144(8)           - read/write dec standard 144 bad sector information
badsect(8)          - create files to contain bad sectors
banner(6)           - print large banner on printer
basename(1)         - return filename or directory portion of pathname
batcher(8)          - article batching backend for InterNetNews
battlestar(6)       - a tropical adventure game
bcd(6)              - "reformat input as punch cards, paper tape or morse code"
bcmp(3)             - compare byte string
bcopy(3)            - copy byte string
bdes(1)             - encrypt/decrypt using the Data Encryption Standard
bib(1)              - bibliographic formatter
biff(1)             - "be notified if mail arrives and who it is from"
bind(2)             - bind a name to a socket
bitstring(3)        - bit-string manipulation macros
boggle(6)           - word search game
boot_hp300(8)       - system bootstrapping procedures
boot_i386(8)        - system bootstrapping procedures
boot_sparc(8)       - UNIX bootstrapping procedures
boot_tahoe(8)       - system bootstrapping procedures
boot_vax(8)         - system bootstrapping procedures
bpf(4)              - Berkeley Packet Filter
brk(2)              - change data segment size
bsearch(3)          - binary search of a sorted table
bstring(3)          - byte string operations
btoa(1)             - encode/decode binary to printable ASCII
btree(3)            - btree database access method
buffchan(8)         - buffered file-writing backend for InterNetNews
bugfiler(8)         - file bug reports in folders automatically
bwtwo(4)            - monochromatic frame buffer
byteorder(3)        - convert values between host and network byte order
bzero(3)            - write zeroes to a byte string
caesar(6)           - decrypt caesar cyphers
cal(1)              - displays a calendar
calendar(1)         - reminder service
calloc(3)           - allocate clean memory (zero initialized space)
canfield(6)         - the solitaire card game canfield
cap_mkdb(1)         - create capability database
cat(1)              - concatenate and print files
cc(1)               - GNU project C and C++ Compiler (v2 preliminary)
cccp(1)             - the GNU C-compatible compiler preprocessor
cd(1)               - change working directory
ceil(3)             - smallest integral value not greater than x
cgsix(4)            - accelerated 8-bit color frame buffer
cgthree(4)          - 8-bit color frame buffer
charset(1)          - print all characters within a given character subset of an interpress font
chdir(2)            - change current working directory
checknr(1)          - check nroff/troff files
chess(6)            - GNU chess
chflags(1)          - change file flags
chflags(2)          - set file flags
chgrp(1)            - change group
chkey(1)            - change your encryption key
chmod(1)            - change file modes
chmod(2)            - change mode of file
chown(2)            - change owner and group of a file
chown(8)            - change file owner and group
chpass(1)           - add or change user database information
chroot(2)           - change root directory
chroot(8)           - change root directory
ci(1)               - check in RCS revisions
cksum(1)            - display file checksums and block counts
clientlib(3)        - NNTP clientlib part of InterNetNews library
clnp(4)             - Connectionless-Mode Network Protocol
clock(3)            - determine processor time used
close(2)            - delete a descriptor
clri(8)             - clear an inode
cltp(4)             - ISO Connectionless Transport Protocol
cmp(1)              - compare two files
co(1)               - check out RCS revisions
col(1)              - filter reverse line feeds from input
colcrt(1)           - filter nroff output for CRT previewing
colrm(1)            - remove columns from a file
column(1)           - columnate lists
comm(1)             - select or reject lines common to two files
compact(1)          - compress and uncompress files, and cat them
compress(1)         - compress and expand data
compressdir(1)      - compress and uncompress directories of files
comsat(8)           - biff server
config(8)           - build kernel compilation directories
confstr(3)          - get string-valued configurable variables
connect(2)          - initiate a connection on a socket
cons(4)             - keyboard and console display interface
control.ctl(5)      - specify handling of Usenet control messages
convdate(1)         - convert time/date strings and numbers
core(5)             - memory image file format
cos(3)              - cosine function
cosh(3)             - hyperbolic cosine function
cp(1)               - copy files
cpp(1)              - the GNU C-compatible compiler preprocessor
crash(8)            - UNIX system failures
creat(2)            - create a new file
cribbage(6)         - the card game cribbage
crl(4)              - VAX 8600 console RL Ns 02 interface
crypt(3)            - DES encryption
csh(1)              - a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax
css(4)              - DEC IMP-11A LH/DH IMP interface
ct(4)               - CS/80 cartridge tape interface
ctags(1)            - create a tags file
ctermid(3)          - generate terminal pathname
ctime(3)            - transform binary date and time value to ASCII
ctlinnd(8)          - control the InterNetNews daemon
ctype(3)            - character classification macros
curses(3)           - screen functions with ``optimal'' cursor motion
cut(1)              - select portions of each line of a file
cvtbatch(8)         - convert Usenet batch file to INN format
cy(4)               - Cipher/tapemaster magtape interface
daemon(3)           - run in the background
date(1)             - display or set date and time
dbopen(3)           - database access methods
dbx(1)              - debugger
dbx.5(5)            - dbx symbol table information
dca(4)              - HP 98644A communications interface
dcl(4)              - HP 98628A communications link
dcm(4)              - HP 98642A communications multiplexer
dd(1)               - convert and copy a file
ddn(4)              - DDN Standard Mode X.25 IMP interface
de(4)               - DEC DEUNA 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
des_crypt(3)        - (new) DES encryption
dev_mkdb(8)         - create
devname(3)          - get device name
df(1)               - display free disk space
dh(4)               - DH-11 Ns / Tn DM-11 multiplexer device interface
dhu(4)              - DHU-11 communications multiplexer
diff(1)             - differential file and directory comparator
diff3(1)            - 3-way differential file comparison
dig(1)              - send domain name query packets to name servers
dipress(1)          - convert device independent troff output to interpress
dir(5)              - directory file format
directory(3)        - directory operations
disklabel.5(5)      - disk pack label
disklabel(8)        - read and write disk pack label
diskless_offset(8)  - set up a server for diskless/dataless clients
diskless_setup(8)   - set up a server for diskless/dataless clients
diskpart(8)         - calculate default disk partition sizes
disktab(5)          - disk description file
distrib.pats(5)     - default values for Usenet Distribution header
div(3)              - return quotient and remainder from division
dlmpcc(8)           - download MPCC
dm(8)               - dungeon master
dmc(4)              - DEC DMC-11 Ns / Tn DMR-11 point-to-point communications device
dm.conf(5)          - dm configuration file
dmesg(8)            - "display the system message buffer"
dmf(4)              - DMF-32 terminal multiplexor
dmv(4)              - DEC DMV-11 point-to-point communications device
dmz(4)              - DMZ-32 terminal multiplexor
dn(4)               - DN-11 autocall unit interface
doc(1)              - diagnose unhealthy DNS domains
dr(4)               - Ikon DR-11W interface
drtest(8)           - standalone disk test program
drum(4)             - paging device
du(1)               - display disk usage statistics
dump(8)             - filesystem backup
dumpfs(8)           - dump file system information
dumplfs(8)          - dump file system information
dungeon(6)          - Adventures in the Dungeons of Doom
dup(2)              - duplicate an existing file descriptor
dv(4)               - HP98730 ``DaVinci'' device interface
dz(4)               - DZ-11 multiplexer device interface
ec(4)               - 3Com 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
echo(1)             - write arguments to the standard output
ed(1)               - line oriented text editor
edquota(8)          - edit user quotas
eeprom(8)           - openprom control utility
emacs(1)            - GNU project Emacs
emacstool(1)        - run emacs under Sun windows with function-key and mouse support.
en(4)               - Xerox 3 Mb/s Ethernet interface
end(3)              - end boundaries of image segments
enp(4)              - CMC 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
environ(7)          - user environment
eqn(1)              - format equations for troff
erf(3)              - error function operators
err(3)              - formatted error messages
error(1)            - analyze and disperse compiler error messages
esis(4)             - End System to Intermediate System Routing Protocol
euc(4)              - EUC encoding of runes
ex(1)               - text editor
ex(4)               - Excelan 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
exec(3)             - execute a file
execve(2)           - execute a file
_exit(2)            - terminate the calling process
exit(3)             - perform normal program termination
exp(3)              - exponential, logarithm, power functions
expand(1)           - expand tabs to spaces, and vice versa
expire(8)           - Usenet article and history expiration program
expire.ctl(5)       - control file for Usenet article expiration
expireover(8)       - Expire entries from the news overview database
exports(5)          - define remote mount points for NFS mount requests
ext_srvtab(8)       - extract service key files from Kerberos key distribution center database
fabs(3)             - floating-point absolute value function
factor(6)           - factor a number, generate primes
false(1)            - return false value
fastboot(8)         - "reboot/halt the system without checking the disks"
fastrm(8)           - quickly remove a set of files
fclose(3)           - close a stream
fcntl(2)            - file control
fd(4)               - file descriptor files
ferror(3)           - check and reset stream status
fflush(3)           - flush a stream
ffs(3)              - find first bit set in a bit string
fgetln(3)           - get a line from a stream
fgets(3)            - get a line from a stream
file(1)             - identify file content
filechan(8)         - file-writing backend for InterNetNews
find(1)             - walk a file hierarchy
finger(1)           - user information lookup program
fingerd(8)          - remote user information server
fish(6)             - play ``Go Fish''
fl(4)               - console floppy interface
flcopy(8)           - floppy copy
flex(1)             - fast lexical analyzer generator
flock(2)            - "apply or remove an advisory lock on an open file"
floor(3)            - largest integral value not greater than x
fmod(3)             - floating-point remainder function
fmt(1)              - simple text formatter
fnmatch(3)          - match filename or pathname
fold(1)             - "fold long lines for finite width output device"
fopen(3)            - stream open functions
fork(2)             - create a new process
format(8)           - how to format disk packs
fortune(6)          - "print a random, hopefully interesting, adage"
fpr(1)              - print Fortran file
fputs(3)            - output a line to a stream
fread(3)            - binary stream input/output
free(3)             - free up memory allocated with malloc, calloc or realloc
frexp(3)            - convert floating-point number to fractional and integral components
from(1)             - print names of those who have sent mail
fs(5)               - format of file system volume
fsck(8)             - filesystem consistency check and interactive repair
fseek(3)            - reposition a stream
fsinfo(8)           - co-ordinate site-wide filesystem information
fsplit(1)           - split a multi-routine Fortran file into individual files
fstab(5)            - static information about the filesystems
fstat(1)            - file status
fsync(2)            - "synchronize a file's in-core state with that on disk"
ftime(3)            - get date and time
ftp(1)              - ARPANET file transfer program
ftpd(8)             - Internet File Transfer Protocol server
fts(3)              - traverse a file hierarchy
funopen(3)          - open a stream
g++(1)              - GNU project C++ Compiler (v2 preliminary)
gawk(1)             - pattern scanning and processing language
gb(4)               - HP98700 ``Gatorbox'' device interface
gcc(1)              - GNU project C and C++ Compiler (v2 preliminary)
gcore(1)            - get core images of running process
gdb(1)              - the GNU debugger
getbsize(3)         - get user block size
getc(3)             - get next character or word from input stream
getcap(3)           - capability database access routines
getcwd(3)           - get working directory pathname
getdirentries(2)    - "get directory entries in a filesystem independent format"
getdiskbyname(3)    - get generic disk description by its name
getdtablesize(2)    - get descriptor table size
getenv(3)           - environment variable functions
getfh(2)            - get file handle
getfsent(3)         - get file system descriptor file entry
getfsstat(2)        - get list of all mounted filesystems
getgid(2)           - get group process identification
getgrent(3)         - group database operations
getgrouplist(3)     - calculate group access list
getgroups(2)        - get group access list
gethostbyname(3)    - get network host entry
gethostid(3)        - get/set unique identifier of current host
gethostname(3)      - get/set name of current host
getitimer(2)        - get/set value of interval timer
getlist(1)          - get a list from an NNTP server
getloadavg(3)       - get system load averages
getlogin(2)         - get/set login name
getmntinfo(3)       - get information about mounted file systems
getmntopts(3)       - scan mount options
getnetent(3)        - get networks entry
getnetgrent(3)      - netgroup database operations
getopt(3)           - get option letter from argv
getpagesize(3)      - get system page size
getpass(3)          - get a password
getpeername(2)      - get name of connected peer
getpgrp(2)          - get process group
getpid(2)           - get parent or calling process identification
getpriority(2)      - get/set program scheduling priority
getprotoent(3)      - get protocol entry
getpw(3)            - get name from uid
getpwent(3)         - password database operations
getrlimit(2)        - control maximum system resource consumption
getrusage(2)        - get information about resource utilization
getservent(3)       - get service entry
getsockname(2)      - get socket name
getsockopt(2)       - get and set options on sockets
getsubopt(3)        - get sub options from an argument
gettimeofday(2)     - get/set date and time
getttyent(3)        - get ttys file entry
getty(8)            - set terminal mode
gettytab(5)         - terminal configuration data base
getuid(2)           - get user identification
getusershell(3)     - get legal user shells
getvfsbyname(3)     - get information about a filesystem
glob(3)             - generate pathnames matching a pattern
gomoku(6)           - game of 5 in a row
gperf(1)            - generate a perfect hash function from a key set
gprof(1)            - display call graph profile data
grep(1)             - file pattern searcher
grephistory(1)      - display file names from Usenet history file
grf(4)              - HP graphics frame buffer device interface
grodvi(1)           - convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff(1)            - front end for the groff document formatting system
groff_char(7)       - groff character names
groff_font(5)       - format of groff device and font description files
groff_out(5)        - groff intermediate output format
grog(1)             - guess options for groff command
grops(1)            - PostScript driver for groff
grotty(1)           - groff driver for typewriter-like devices
group(5)            - format of the group permissions file
groups(1)           - show group memberships
gzexe(1)            - compress executable files in place
gzip(1)             - compress or expand files
hack(6)             - exploring The Dungeons of Doom
hangman(6)          - the game of hangman
hash(3)             - hash database access method
hdh(4)              - ACC IF-11/HDH IMP interface
head(1)             - display first lines of a file
hexdump(1)          - ascii, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
hier(7)             - layout of filesystems
hil(4)              - Human Interface Link device driver
history(1)          - shell history programs
history(5)          - record of current and recently expired Usenet articles
hk(4)               - RK6-11 Ns / Tn RK06 and RK07 disk interface
host(1)             - query nameserver about domain names and zones
hostname(1)         - set or print name of current host system
hostname(7)         - host name resolution description
hosts(5)            - host name data base
hosts.nntp(5)       - list of hosts that feed NNTP news
hp(4)               - MASSBUS disk interface
ht(4)               - TM-03 Ns / Tn TE-16, TU-45, TU-77 MASSBUS magtape device interface:
hunt(6)             - a multi-player multi-terminal game
huntd(6)            - hunt daemon, back-end for hunt game
hy(4)               - Network Systems Hyperchannel interface
hypot(3)            - euclidean distance and complex absolute value functions
icmp(4)             - Internet Control Message Protocol
id(1)               - return user identity
ident(1)            - identify files
idp(4)              - Xerox Internet Datagram Protocol
ieee(3)             - "IEEE 754 floating point support
ifconfig(8)         - configure network interface parameters
ik(4)               - "Ikonas frame buffer, graphics device interface"
il(4)               - Interlan NI1010 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
indent(1)           - indent and format C program source
index(3)            - locate character in string
indxbib(1)          - make inverted index for bibliographic databases
inet(3)             - Internet address manipulation routines
inet(4)             - Internet protocol family
inetd(8)            - internet "super-server"
inews(1)            - send a Usenet article to the local news server for distribution
infnan(3)           - signals invalid floating-point operations on a VAX(temporary)
init(8)             - process control initialization
initgroups(3)       - initialize group access list
inn.conf(5)         - configuration data for InterNetNews programs
innconfval(1)       - get an InterNetNews configuration parameter
innd(8)             - InterNetNews daemon
inndcomm(3)         - INND communication part of InterNetNews library
innwatch.ctl(5)     - control Usenet supervision by innwatch
innxmit(8)          - send Usenet articles to a remote NNTP server
insque(3)           - insert/remove element from a queue
install(1)          - install binaries
installboot(8)      - installs a boot program in a file system
installit(1)        - file/directory installation tool
intro(7)            - miscellaneous information pages
intro(8)            - "introduction to system maintenance and operation commands"
invert(1)           - create and access an inverted index
ioctl(2)            - control device
iostat(8)           - report I/O statistics
ip(4)               - Internet Protocol
ipf(1)              - count pages in an Interpress file
ipfe(1)             - Interpress File Editor
ipmetrics(1)        - convert an Interpress metrics master to other forms
iptotext(1)         - convert an interpress file into intertext
iptroff(1)          - convert troff to Interpress
isalnum(3)          - alphanumeric character test
isalpha(3)          - alphabetic character test
isascii(3)          - test for ASCII character
isblank(3)          - space or tab character test
iscntrl(3)          - control character test
isdigit(3)          - decimal-digit character test
isgraph(3)          - printing character test (space character exclusive)
isinf(3)            - test for infinity or not-a-number
islower(3)          - lower-case character test
iso(4)              - ISO protocol family
iso_addr(3)         - "elementary network address conversion routines for Open System Interconnection
isprint(3)          - printing character test (space character inclusive)
ispunct(3)          - punctuation character test
isspace(3)          - white-space character test
isupper(3)          - upper-case character test
isxdigit(3)         - hexadecimal-digit character test
ite(4)              - HP Internal Terminal Emulator
ix(4)               - Interlan Np100 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
j0(3)               - bessel functions of first and second kind
join(1)             - relational database operator
jot(1)              - print sequential or random data
kdb_destroy(8)      - destroy Kerberos key distribution center database
kdb_edit(8)         - Kerberos key distribution center database editing utility
kdb_init(8)         - initialize Kerberos key distribution center database
kdb_util(8)         - Kerberos key distribution center database utility
kdestroy(1)         - destroy Kerberos tickets
kdump(1)            - display kernel trace data
kerberos(1)         - introduction to the Kerberos system
keylogin(1)         - decrypt and store secret key
kg(4)               - KL-11 Ns / Tn DL-11W line clock
kgmon(8)            - generate a dump of the operating system's profile buffers
kill(1)             - terminate or signal a process
kill(2)             - send signal to a process
killpg(2)           - send signal to a process group
kinit(1)            - Kerberos login utility
klist(1)            - list currently held Kerberos tickets
kpasswdd(8)         - Kerberos password changing daemon
krb(3)              - Kerberos authentication library
krb.conf(5)         - Kerberos configuration file
krb_realmofhost(3)  - additional Kerberos utility routines
krb.realms(5)       - host to Kerberos realm translation file
krb_sendauth(3)     - Kerberos routines for sending authentication via network stream sockets
krb_set_tkt_string(3) - set Kerberos ticket cache file name
ksrvtgt(1)          - fetch and store Kerberos ticket-granting-ticket using a service key
kstash(8)           - stash Kerberos key distribution center database master key
ktrace(1)           - enable kernel process tracing
ktrace(2)           - process tracing
kuserok(3)          - Kerberos version of ruserok
kvm(3)              - kernel memory interface
kvm_geterr(3)       - get error message on kvm descriptor
kvm_getfiles(3)     - survey open files
kvm_getloadavg(3)   - get error message on kvm descriptor
kvm_getprocs(3)     - access user process state
kvm_mkdb(8)         - create kernel database
kvm_nlist(3)        - retrieve symbol table names from a kernel image
kvm_open(3)         - initialize kernel virtual memory access
kvm_read(3)         - read or write kernel virtual memory
labs(3)             - return the absolute value of a long integer
lam(1)              - laminate files
larn(6)             - exploring the caverns of Larn
last(1)             - indicate last logins of users and ttys
lastcomm(1)         - show last commands executed in reverse order
ld(1)               - link editor, dynamic link editor
ldconfig(8)         - link-editor configuration
ldd(1)              - list dynamic dependencies
ldexp(3)            - multiply floating-point number by integral power of 2
ldiv(3)             - return quotient and remainder from division
le(4)               - HP AMD 7990 LANCE Ethernet interface
leave(1)            - remind you when you have to leave
lex(1)              - fast lexical analyzer generator
lfs_cleanerd(8)     - garbage collect a log-structured file system
lgamma(3)           - (unknown subject)
libinn(3)           - InterNetNews library routines
link(2)             - make a hard file link
link(5)             - link editor interfaces
linkaddr(3)         - elementary address specification routines for link level access
listen(2)           - listen for connections on a socket
lkbib(1)            - search bibliographic databases
ln(1)               - make links
lo(4)               - software loopback network interface
locate(1)           - find files
lock(1)             - reserve a terminal
logger(1)           - make entries in the system log
login(1)            - log into the computer
logname(1)          - display user's login name
look(1)             - display lines beginning with a given string
lookbib(1)          - search bibliographic databases
lorder(1)           - list dependencies for object files
lp(4)               - line printer
lpc(8)              - line printer control program
lpd(8)              - line printer spooler daemon
lpq(1)              - spool queue examination program
lpr(1)              - off line print
lprm(1)             - remove jobs from the line printer spooling queue
lptest(1)           - generate lineprinter ripple pattern
ls(1)               - list directory contents
lsearch(3)          - linear searching routines
lseek(2)            - reposition read/write file offset
madvise(2)          - give advise about use of memory
maha(1)             - make and print interpress files
mail(1)             - send and receive mail
mailaddr(7)         - mail addressing description
maildelivery(5)     - (unknown subject)
mail.local(8)       - store mail in a mailbox
make(1)             - maintain program dependencies
MAKEDEV(8)          - create system and device special files
makedev(8)          - make system special files
makekey(8)          - make encrypted keys or passwords
make_keypair(8)     - generate Kerberos host key pair
makextdev(1)        - create tables to allow iptroff to access 16 bit characters
malloc(3)           - general memory allocation function
man(1)              - display the on-line manual pages
man.conf(5)         - configuration file for
map3270(5)          - database for mapping ascii keystrokes into IBM 3270 keys
math(3)             - introduction to mathematical library functions
mbrune(3)           - multibyte rune support for C
mdoc(7)             - quick reference guide for the -mdoc macro package
mdoc.samples(7)     - tutorial sampler for writing BSD manuals with -mdoc
me(7)               - macros for formatting papers
mem(4)              - main memory
memccpy(3)          - copy string until character found
memchr(3)           - locate byte in byte string
memcmp(3)           - compare byte string
memcpy(3)           - copy byte string
memmove(3)          - copy byte string
memory(3)           - general memory allocation operations
memset(3)           - write a byte to byte string
merge(1)            - three-way file merge
mesg(1)             - display (do not display) messages from other users
mh(1)               - Message Handler
mhe(1)              - Display interface to Rand Mail Handler
mh-gen(8)           - generating the MH system
mille(6)            - play Mille Bornes
mincore(2)          - get advise about use of memory
mk-amd-map(8)       - create database maps for Amd
mkdep(1)            - construct Makefile dependency list
mkdir(1)            - make directories
mkdir(2)            - make a directory file
mkfifo(1)           - make fifos
mkfifo(2)           - make a fifo file
mklocale(1)         - make LC_CTYPE locale files
mknod(2)            - make a special file node
mknod(8)            - build special file
mkstr(1)            - create an error message file by massaging C source
mktemp(3)           - make temporary file name(unique)
mlock(2)            - lock(unlock) physical pages in memory
mm(7)               - groff mm macros
mmap(2)             - map files or devices into memory
moderators(5)       - mail addresses for moderated Usenet newsgroups
modf(3)             - extract signed integral and fractional values from floating-point number
moncontrol(3)       - control execution profile
monop(6)            - Monopoly game
more(1)             - file perusal filter for crt viewing
mount(2)            - mount or dismount a filesystem
mount(8)            - mount file systems
mount_cd9660(8)     - mount an ISO-9660 filesystem
mountd(8)           - service remote NFS mount requests
mount_fdesc(8)      - mount the file-descriptor file system
mount_kernfs(8)     - mount the /kern file system
mount_lfs(8)        - mount a log-structured file system
mount_nfs(8)        - mount nfs file systems
mount_null(8)       - mount a loopback filesystem sub-tree; demonstrate the use of a null file system layer
mount_portal(8)     - mount the portal daemon
mount_procfs(8)     - mount the process file system
mount_umap(8)       - sample file system layer
mount_union(8)      - mount union filesystems
mp2res(1)           - convert a MacPaint file to an RES file
mpcc(4)             - multi protocol communications controller
mpcctab(4)          - MPCC configuration file
mpool(3)            - shared memory buffer pool
mprof(1)            - display dynamic memory allocation data
mprotect(2)         - control the protection of pages
mset(1)             - retrieve ASCII to IBM 3270 keyboard map
msgs(1)             - system messages and junk mail program
msync(2)            - synchronize a mapped region
mt(1)               - magnetic tape manipulating program
mt(4)               - TM78 Ns / Tn TU-78 MASSBUS magtape interface
mtio(4)             - UNIX magtape interface
mtree(8)            - map a directory hierarchy
multibyte(3)        - multibyte character support for C
munmap(2)           - remove a mapping
mv(1)               - move files
named(8)            - Internet domain name server
named.reload(8)     - cause the name server to synchronize its database
named.restart(8)    - stop and restart the name server
named-xfer(8)       - ancillary agent for inbound zone transfers
netgroup(5)         - defines network groups
netintro(4)         - introduction to networking facilities
netstat(1)          - show network status
networks(5)         - network name data base
newfs(8)            - construct a new file system
newlfs(8)           - construct a new LFS file system
new.mprof(1)        - display dynamic memory allocation data
news.daily(8)       - do regular Usenet system administration
newsetup(1)         - a program to set up a .newsrc file
newsfeeds(5)        - determine where Usenet articles get sent
newsgroups(1)       - a program to list unsubscribed newsgroups.
newslog(5)          - description of Usenet log files
newslog(8)          - maintenance of Usenet log files
news-recovery(8)    - tools to recover Usenet databases
nfsd(8)             - remote NFS server
nfsiod(8)           - local NFS asynchronous I/O server
nfsstat(1)          - display NFS statistics
nfssvc(2)           - NFS services
nice(1)             - execute a command at a low scheduling priority
nice(3)             - set program scheduling priority
nlist(3)            - retrieve symbol table name list from an executable file
nm(1)               - display name list (symbol table)
nnrp.access(5)      - access file for on-campus NNTP sites
nnrpd(8)            - NNTP server for on-campus hosts
nntpget(1)          - get Usenet articles from a remote NNTP server
nntpsend(8)         - send Usenet articles to remote site
nntpsend.ctl(5)     - list of sites to feed via nntpsend
nohup(1)            - invoke a command immune to hangups
nologin(8)          - politely refuse a login
np(4)               - Interlan Np100 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
nroff(1)            - emulate nroff command with groff
ns(3)               - Xerox NS Ns(tm) address conversion routines
ns(4)               - Xerox Network Systems(tm) protocol family
nsip(4)             - software network interface encapsulating NS packets in IP packets
nslookup(8)         - query Internet name servers interactively
null(4)             - the null device
number(6)           - convert Arabic numerals to English
od(1)               - octal, decimal, hex, ascii dump
open(2)             - open or create a file for reading or writing
openprom(4)         - OPENPROM and EEPROM interface
operator(7)         - C operator precedence and order of evaluation
overchan(8)         - update the news overview database
overview.fmt(5)     - format of news overview database
pac(8)              - printer/plotter accounting information
pagesize(1)         - print system page size
parsedate(3)        - convert time and date string to number
passwd(1)           - modify a user's password
passwd(5)           - format of the password file
passwd.nntp(5)      - passwords for connecting to remote NNTP servers
paste(1)            - merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files
patch(1)            - a program for applying a diff file to an original
pathalias(8)        - mail routing tools
pathconf(2)         - get configurable pathname variables
pause(3)            - stop until signal
pax(1)              - read and write file archives and copy directory hierarchies
pc(1)               - Pascal compiler
pcl(4)              - DEC CSS PCL-11 B Network Interface
pdx(1)              - pascal debugger
perl(1)             - practical extraction and report language
pfbtops(1)          - translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
phantasia(6)        - an interterminal fantasy game
phones(5)           - remote host phone number data base
pi(1)               - Pascal interpreter code translator
pic(1)              - compile pictures for troff or TeX
pig(6)              - eformatray inputway asway Igpay Atinlay
ping(8)             - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts
pipe(2)             - create descriptor pair for interprocess communication
pix(1)              - Pascal interpreter and executor
plot2ip(1)          - convert Unix plot(5) format to Interpress
pmerge(1)           - pascal file merger
Pnews(1)            - a program for posting news articles
pom(6)              - display the phase of the moon
popen(3)            - process I/O
portmap(8)          - DARPA port to RPC program number mapper
ppi(4)              - HP-IB printer/plotter interface
pr(1)               - print files
printcap(5)         - printer capability data base
printenv(1)         - print out the environment, set and print environment
printf(1)           - formatted output
printf(3)           - formatted output conversion
profil(2)           - control process profiling
promptdate(1)       - accept date entry and print out in specified format
protocols(5)        - protocol name data base
prunehistory(8)     - remove file names from Usenet history file
ps(1)               - process status
ps(4)               - Evans and Sutherland Picture System 2 graphics device interface
psbb(1)             - extract bounding box from PostScript document
psignal(3)          - system signal messages
pstat(8)            - display system data structures
pty(4)              - pseudo terminal driver
publickey(5)        - public key database
putc(3)             - output a character or word to a stream
pwcache(3)          - cache password and group entries
pwd(1)              - return working directory name
pwd_mkdb(8)         - "generate the password databases"
px(1)               - Pascal interpreter
pxp(1)              - Pascal execution profiler
pxref(1)            - Pascal cross-reference program
qe(4)               - DEC DEQNA Q-bus 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
qio(3)              - quick I/O part of InterNetNews library
qsort(3)            - sort functions
query(1)            - query nameservers through resolver library calls
queue(3)            - implementations of lists, tail queues, and circular queues
quiz(6)             - random knowledge tests
quot(8)             - display total block usage per user for a file system
quota(1)            - display disk usage and limits
quotacheck(8)       - filesystem quota consistency checker
quotactl(2)         - manipulate filesystem quotas
quotaon(8)          - turn filesystem quotas on and off
radixsort(3)        - radix sort
rain(6)             - animated raindrops display
raise(3)            - send a signal to the current process
rand(3)             - bad random number generator
random(3)           - better random number generator; routines for changing generators
random(6)           - random lines from a file or random numbers
ranlib(1)           - table-of-contents for archive libraries
ranlib.5(5)         - archive(library) table-of-contents format
rb(4)               - HP98720 ``Renaissance'' device interface
rbootd(8)           - HP remote boot server
rc(1)               - shell
rc(8)               - command script for auto-reboot and daemons
rcmd(3)             - routines for returning a stream to a remote command
rcp(1)              - remote file copy
rcs(1)              - change RCS file attributes
rcsclean(1)         - clean up working files
rcsdiff(1)          - compare RCS revisions
rcsfile(5)          - format of RCS file
rcsfreeze(1)        - freeze a configuration of sources checked in under RCS
rcsintro(1)         - introduction to RCS commands
rcsmerge(1)         - merge RCS revisions
rd(4)               - CS/80 disk interface
rdist(1)            - remote file distribution program
read(2)             - read input
readlink(2)         - read value of a symbolic link
realloc(3)          - reallocation of memory function
realpath(3)         - returns the canonicalized absolute pathname
reboot(2)           - reboot system or halt processor
reboot(8)           - stopping and restarting the system
recno(3)            - record number database access method
re_comp(3)          - regular expression handler
recv(2)             - receive a message from a socket
refer(1)            - preprocess bibliographic references for groff
re_format(7)        - POSIX 1003.2 regular expressions
regex(3)            - regular-expression library
regexp(3)           - regular expression handlers
register(1)         - register with Kerberos
registerd(8)        - Kerberos registration daemon
remote(5)           - remote host description file
remove(3)           - remove directory entry
rename(2)           - change the name of a file
renice(8)           - alter priority of running processes
repquota(8)         - summarize quotas for a file system
resolver(3)         - resolver routines
resolver(5)         - resolver configuration file
restore(8)          - "restore files or file systems from backups made with dump"
rev(1)              - reverse lines of a file
revoke(2)           - revoke file access
rexec(3)            - return stream to a remote command
rexecd(8)           - remote execution server
rindex(3)           - locate character in string
rint(3)             - round-to-closest integer functions
rlog(1)             - print log messages and other information about RCS files
rlogin(1)           - remote login
rlogind(8)          - remote login server
rm(1)               - remove directory entries
rmail(8)            - handle remote mail received via uucp
rmdir(1)            - remove directories
rmdir(2)            - remove a directory file
rmt(8)              - remote magtape protocol module
rnews(1)            - receive news from a UUCP connection
Rnmail(1)           - a program for replying via mail
robots(6)           - fight off villainous robots
rogue(6)            - exploring The Dungeons of Doom
route(4)            - kernel packet forwarding database
route(8)            - manually manipulate the routing tables.
routed(8)           - network routing daemon
rpc(5)              - rpc program number data base
rpcgen(1)           - an RPC protocol compiler
rs(1)               - reshape a data array
rsh(1)              - remote shell
rshd(8)             - remote shell server
rstat(1)            - remote status display
rune(3)             - rune support for C
ruptime(1)          - show host status of local machines
rwho(1)             - who is logged in on local machines
rwhod(8)            - system status server
rx(4)               - DEC RX02 floppy disk interface
rxformat(8)         - format floppy disks
sail(6)             - multi-user wooden ships and iron men
savecore(8)         - "save a core dump of the operating system"
sc(1)               - spreadsheet calculator
scandir(3)          - scan a directory
scanf(3)            - input format conversion
sccs(1)             - front end for the
script(1)           - make typescript of terminal session
scsiformat(8)       - format SCSI disks and show SCSI parameters
sed(1)              - stream editor
select(2)           - synchronous I/O multiplexing
send(2)             - send a message from a socket
sendbug(1)          - mail a system bug report to 4bsd-bugs
services(5)         - service name data base
setbuf(3)           - stream buffering operations
setgroups(2)        - set group access list
setjmp(3)           - non-local jumps
setlocale(3)        - natural language formatting for C
setmode(3)          - modify mode bits
setpgid(2)          - set process group
setregid(2)         - set real and effective group ID
setreuid(2)         - set real and effective user ID's
setruid(3)          - set user and group ID
setsid(2)           - create session and set process group ID
setuid(2)           - set user and group ID
sh(1)               - command interpreter(shell)
shar(1)             - create a shell archive of files
shells(5)           - shell database
shlock(1)           - create lock files for use in shell scripts
showmount(8)        - show remote nfs mounts on host
shrinkfile(1)       - shrink a file on a line boundary
shutdown(2)         - shut down part of a full-duplex connection
shutdown(8)         - "close down the system at a given time"
sigaction(2)        - software signal facilities
sigaltstack(2)      - set and/or get signal stack context
sigblock(2)         - block signals
siginterrupt(3)     - allow signals to interrupt system calls
signal(3)           - simplified software signal facilities
sigpause(2)         - atomically release blocked signals and wait for interrupt
sigpending(2)       - get pending signals
sigprocmask(2)      - manipulate current signal mask
sigreturn(2)        - return from signal
sigsetmask(2)       - set current signal mask
sigsetops(3)        - manipulate signal sets
sigstack(2)         - set and/or get signal stack context
sigsuspend(2)       - atomically release blocked signals and wait for interrupt
sigvec(2)           - software signal facilities
sin(3)              - sine function
sinh(3)             - hyperbolic sine function
size(1)             - display object file segment sizes (text, data and bss)
slattach(8)         - attach serial lines as network interfaces
sleep(1)            - suspend execution for an interval of time
sleep(3)            - suspend process execution for interval of seconds
sliplogin(8)        - attach a serial line network interface
snake(6)            - display chase game
socket(2)           - create an endpoint for communication
socketpair(2)       - create a pair of connected sockets
soelim(1)           - eliminate .so's from nroff input
sort(1)             - sort or merge text files
split(1)            - split a file into pieces
spp(4)              - Xerox Sequenced Packet Protocol
sqrt(3)             - cube root and square root functions
st(4)               - CCS SCSI tape driver
stab(5)             - symbol table types
stackres(1)         - execute an RES file and print what remains on the stack
startslip(1)        - dial up and login to a slip server
stat(2)             - get file status
statfs(2)           - get file system statistics
stdarg(3)           - variable argument lists
stdio(3)            - standard input/output library functions
sticky(8)           - sticky text and append-only directories
strcasecmp(3)       - compare strings, ignoring case
strcat(3)           - concatenate strings
strchr(3)           - locate character in string
strcmp(3)           - compare strings
strcoll(3)          - compare strings according to current collation
strcpy(3)           - copy strings
strcspn(3)          - span the complement of a string
strdup(3)           - save a copy of a string
strerror(3)         - system error messages
strfile(8)          - "create a random access file for storing strings"
strftime(3)         - generate formatted time information
string(3)           - string specific functions
strings(1)          - find printable strings in a file
strip(1)            - remove unnecessary information from executable files
strlen(3)           - find length of string
strmode(3)          - convert inode status information into a symbolic string
strpbrk(3)          - locate multiple characters in string
strrchr(3)          - locate character in string
strsep(3)           - separate strings
strspn(3)           - span a string
strstr(3)           - locate a substring in a string
strtod(3)           - convert ASCII string to double
strtok(3)           - string tokens
strtol(3)           - convert string value to a long or quad_t integer
strtoul(3)          - convert a string to an unsigned long or uquad_t integer
strxfrm(3)          - transform a string under locale
stty(1)             - set the options for a terminal device interface
stty(3)             - set and get terminal state(defunct)
su(1)               - substitute user identity
subst(1)            - substitute definitions into file(s)
swab(3)             - swap adjacent bytes
swapon(2)           - add a swap device for interleaved paging/swapping
swapon(8)           - "specify additional device for paging and swapping"
symlink(2)          - make symbolic link to a file
symlink(7)          - symbolic link handling
sync(2)             - "synchronize disk block in-core status with that on disk"
sync(8)             - force completion of pending disk writes (flush cache)
syscall(2)          - indirect system call
sysconf(3)          - get configurable system variables
sysctl(3)           - get or set system information
sysctl(8)           - get or set kernel state
syslog(3)           - control system log
syslog.conf(5)      - (unknown subject)
syslogd(8)          - log systems messages
systat(1)           - display system statistics on a crt
system(3)           - pass a command to the shell
tail(1)             - display the last part of a file
talk(1)             - talk to another user
talkd(8)            - remote user communication server
tan(3)              - tangent function
tanh(3)             - hyperbolic tangent function
tb(4)               - line discipline for digitizing devices
tbl(1)              - format tables for troff
tc(4)               - HP98544 98550 ``Topcat'' and ``Catseye'' device interface
tcgetpgrp(3)        - get foreground process group ID
tcopy(1)            - copy and/or verify mag tapes
tcp(4)              - Internet Transmission Control Protocol
tcsendbreak(3)      - line control functions
tcsetattr(3)        - manipulating the termios structure
tcsetpgrp(3)        - set foreground process group ID
tee(1)              - pipe fitting
telnet(1)           - user interface to the TELNET protocol
telnetd(8)          - DARPA TELNET protocol server
termcap(3)          - terminal independent operation routines
termcap(5)          - terminal capability data base
termios(4)          - general terminal line discipline
test(1)             - condition evaluation utility
tetris(6)           - the game of tetris
texttoip(1)         - convert an intertext file into Interpress
tfmtodit(1)         - create font files for use with groff - Tdvi
tftp(1)             - trivial file transfer program
tftpd(8)            - Internet Trivial File Transfer Protocol server
tf_util(3)          - routines for manipulating a Kerberos ticket file
time(1)             - time command execution
time(3)             - get time of day
timed(8)            - time server daemon
timedc(8)           - timed control program
times(3)            - process times
timezone(3)         - return the timezone abbreviation
tip(1)              - connect to a remote system
tm(4)               - TM-11 Ns / Tn TE-10 magtape device interface
tmpnam(3)           - temporary file routines
tmscp(4)            - DEC TMSCP magtape interface
tn3270(1)           - full-screen remote login to IBM VM/CMS
toascii(3)          - convert a byte to 7-bit ASCII
tolower(3)          - upper case to lower case letter conversion
touch(1)            - change file access and modification times
toupper(3)          - lower case to upper case letter conversion
tp(4)               - ISO Transport Protocol
tput(1)             - terminal capability interface
tr(1)               - translate characters
traceroute(8)       - print the route packets take to network host
trek(6)             - trekkie game
trie-gen(1)         - generate a minimal-prefix trie
trn(1)              - threaded read news program
troff(1)            - format documents
trpt(8)             - transliterate protocol trace
trsp(8)             - transliterate sequenced packet protocol trace
true(1)             - return true value
truncate(2)         - truncate a file to a specified length
ts(4)               - TS-11 magtape interface
tset(1)             - terminal initialization
tsort(1)            - topological sort of a directed graph
tty(1)              - return user's terminal name
tty(4)              - general terminal interface
ttyname(3)          - get name of associated terminal(tty) from file descriptor
ttys(5)             - terminal initialization information
tu(4)               - VAX-11/730 and VAX-11/750 TU58 console cassette interface
tunefs(8)           - tune up an existing file system
types(5)            - system data types
tzfile(5)           - time zone information
tzset(3)            - initialize time conversion information
ualarm(3)           - schedule signal after specified time
uda(4)              - UDA50 disk controller interface
udp(4)              - Internet User Datagram Protocol
ul(1)               - do underlining
umask(2)            - set file creation mode mask
umount(8)           - unmount filesystems
uname(1)            - display information about the system
uname(3)            - get system identification
undelete(2)         - attempt to recover a deleted file
ungetc(3)           - un-get character from input stream
unifdef(1)          - remove ifdef'ed lines
uniq(1)             - report or filter out repeated lines in a file
unix(4)             - UNIX-domain protocol family
unlink(2)           - remove directory entry
unvis(1)            - "revert a visual representation of data back to original form"
unvis(3)            - decode a visual representation of characters
up(4)               - unibus storage module controller/drives
update(8)           - flush internal filesystem caches to disk frequently
uptime(1)           - show how long system has been running
users(1)            - list current users
usleep(3)           - suspend execution for interval of microseconds
ut(4)               - UNIBUS TU45 tri-density tape drive interface
utf2(4)             - "Universal character set Transformation Format encoding of runes
utime(3)            - set file times
utimes(2)           - set file access and modification times
utmp(5)             - login records
uu(4)               - TU58 Ns / Tn DECtape II UNIBUS cassette interface
uuencode(1)         - encode/decode a binary file
uuencode.format(5)  - format of an encoded uuencode file
uupoll(8)           - poll a remote UUCP site
uuq(1)              - examine or manipulate the uucp queue
uusend(1)           - send a file to a remote host
uusnap(8)           - show snapshot of the UUCP system
va(4)               - Benson-Varian interface
vacation(1)         - return ``I am not here'' indication
valloc(3)           - aligned memory allocation function
vd(4)               - VERSAbus storage module controller/drives
vfork(2)            - spawn new process in a virtual memory efficient way
vgrind(1)           - grind nice listings of programs
vgrindefs(5)        - language definition data base for
vi(1)               - screen oriented(visual) display editor based on ex
vipw(8)             - edit the password file
vis(1)              - display non-printable characters in a visual format
vis(3)              - visually encode characters
vlimit(3)           - control maximum system resource consumption
vmsprep(1)          - VMS tape preparation aid
vmstat(8)           - report virtual memory statistics
vp(4)               - Versatec interface
vtimes(3)           - get information about resource utilization
vv(4)               - Proteon proNET 10 Megabit ring
vx(4)               - (unknown subject)
w(1)                - "who present users are and what they are doing"
wait(1)             - await process completion
wait(2)             - wait for process termination
wall(1)             - write a message to users
wc(1)               - word, line, and byte count
what(1)             - "show what versions of object modules were used to construct a file"
whatis(1)           - describe what a command is
whereis(1)          - locate programs
which(1)            - locate a program file including aliases and paths
who(1)              - display who is logged in
whoami(1)           - display effective user id
whois(1)            - Internet user name directory service
wildmat(3)          - perform shell-style wildcard matching
window(1)           - window environment
worm(6)             - play the growing worm game
worms(6)            - animate worms on a display terminal
write(1)            - send a message to another user
write(2)            - write output
wump(6)             - hunt the wumpus in an underground cave
xargs(1)            - "construct argument list(s) and execute utility"
xchess(1)           - X chess display
xneko(6)            - cat-and-mouse chase in an X window
XNSrouted(8)        - NS Routing Information Protocol daemon
xroach(6)           - cockroaches hide under your windows
xstr(1)             - "extract strings from C programs to implement shared strings"
yacc(1)             - an LALR(1) parser generator
yes(1)              - be repetitively affirmative
yyfix(1)            - extract tables from
zcmp(1)             - compare compressed files
zdiff(1)            - compare compressed files
zforce(1)           - force a '.gz' extension on all gzip files
zgrep(1)            - search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zic(8)              - time zone compiler
zmore(1)            - file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
znew(1)             - recompress .Z files to .gz files

List of man pages available for 4.4BSD

Copyright (c) for man pages and the logo by the respective OS vendor.

For those who want to learn more, the polarhome community provides shell access and support.

[legal] [privacy] [GNU] [policy] [cookies] [netiquette] [sponsors] [FAQ]
Polarhome, production since 1999.
Member of Polarhome portal.
Based on Fawad Halim's script.
Vote for polarhome
Free Shell Accounts :: the biggest list on the net