BIO_READ(3) OpenSSL BIO_READ(3)NAME
BIO_read, BIO_write, BIO_gets, BIO_puts - BIO I/O functions
int BIO_read(BIO *b, void *buf, int len);
int BIO_gets(BIO *b,char *buf, int size);
int BIO_write(BIO *b, const void *buf, int len);
int BIO_puts(BIO *b,const char *buf);
DESCRIPTIONBIO_read() attempts to read len bytes from BIO b and places the data in
BIO_gets() performs the BIOs "gets" operation and places the data in
buf. Usually this operation will attempt to read a line of data from
the BIO of maximum length len. There are exceptions to this however,
for example BIO_gets() on a digest BIO will calculate and return the
digest and other BIOs may not support BIO_gets() at all.
BIO_write() attempts to write len bytes from buf to BIO b.
BIO_puts() attempts to write a null terminated string buf to BIO b
All these functions return either the amount of data successfully read
or written (if the return value is positive) or that no data was
successfully read or written if the result is 0 or -1. If the return
value is -2 then the operation is not implemented in the specific BIO
A 0 or -1 return is not necessarily an indication of an error. In
particular when the source/sink is non-blocking or of a certain type it
may merely be an indication that no data is currently available and
that the application should retry the operation later.
One technique sometimes used with blocking sockets is to use a system
call (such as select(), poll() or equivalent) to determine when data is
available and then call read() to read the data. The equivalent with
BIOs (that is call select() on the underlying I/O structure and then
call BIO_read() to read the data) should not be used because a single
call to BIO_read() can cause several reads (and writes in the case of
SSL BIOs) on the underlying I/O structure and may block as a result.
Instead select() (or equivalent) should be combined with non blocking
I/O so successive reads will request a retry instead of blocking.
See BIO_should_retry(3) for details of how to determine the cause of a
retry and other I/O issues.
If the BIO_gets() function is not supported by a BIO then it possible
to work around this by adding a buffering BIO BIO_f_buffer(3) to the
OpenBSD 4.9 December 14, 2000