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BN_add(3)			    OpenSSL			     BN_add(3)

NAME
       BN_add, BN_sub, BN_mul, BN_sqr, BN_div, BN_mod, BN_nnmod, BN_mod_add,
       BN_mod_sub, BN_mod_mul, BN_mod_sqr, BN_exp, BN_mod_exp, BN_gcd - arith‐
       metic operations on BIGNUMs

SYNOPSIS
	#include <openssl/bn.h>

	int BN_add(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);

	int BN_sub(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);

	int BN_mul(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_sqr(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_div(BIGNUM *dv, BIGNUM *rem, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *d,
		BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_mod(BIGNUM *rem, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_nnmod(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_mod_add(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m,
		BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_mod_sub(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m,
		BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_mod_mul(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m,
		BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_mod_sqr(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_exp(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_mod_exp(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
		const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);

	int BN_gcd(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);

DESCRIPTION
       BN_add() adds a and b and places the result in r ("r=a+b").  r may be
       the same BIGNUM as a or b.

       BN_sub() subtracts b from a and places the result in r ("r=a-b").

       BN_mul() multiplies a and b and places the result in r ("r=a*b").  r
       may be the same BIGNUM as a or b.  For multiplication by powers of 2,
       use BN_lshift(3).

       BN_sqr() takes the square of a and places the result in r ("r=a^2"). r
       and a may be the same BIGNUM.  This function is faster than
       BN_mul(r,a,a).

       BN_div() divides a by d and places the result in dv and the remainder
       in rem ("dv=a/d, rem=a%d"). Either of dv and rem may be NULL, in which
       case the respective value is not returned.  The result is rounded
       towards zero; thus if a is negative, the remainder will be zero or neg‐
       ative.  For division by powers of 2, use BN_rshift(3).

       BN_mod() corresponds to BN_div() with dv set to NULL.

       BN_nnmod() reduces a modulo m and places the non-negative remainder in
       r.

       BN_mod_add() adds a to b modulo m and places the non-negative result in
       r.

       BN_mod_sub() subtracts b from a modulo m and places the non-negative
       result in r.

       BN_mod_mul() multiplies a by b and finds the non-negative remainder
       respective to modulus m ("r=(a*b) mod m"). r may be the same BIGNUM as
       a or b. For more efficient algorithms for repeated computations using
       the same modulus, see BN_mod_mul_montgomery(3) and BN_mod_mul_recipro‐
       cal(3).

       BN_mod_sqr() takes the square of a modulo m and places the result in r.

       BN_exp() raises a to the p-th power and places the result in r
       ("r=a^p"). This function is faster than repeated applications of
       BN_mul().

       BN_mod_exp() computes a to the p-th power modulo m ("r=a^p % m"). This
       function uses less time and space than BN_exp().

       BN_gcd() computes the greatest common divisor of a and b and places the
       result in r. r may be the same BIGNUM as a or b.

       For all functions, ctx is a previously allocated BN_CTX used for tempo‐
       rary variables; see BN_CTX_new(3).

       Unless noted otherwise, the result BIGNUM must be different from the
       arguments.

RETURN VALUES
       For all functions, 1 is returned for success, 0 on error. The return
       value should always be checked (e.g., "if (!BN_add(r,a,b)) goto err;").
       The error codes can be obtained by ERR_get_error(3).

SEE ALSO
       bn(3), ERR_get_error(3), BN_CTX_new(3), BN_add_word(3), BN_set_bit(3)

HISTORY
       BN_add(), BN_sub(), BN_sqr(), BN_div(), BN_mod(), BN_mod_mul(),
       BN_mod_exp() and BN_gcd() are available in all versions of SSLeay and
       OpenSSL. The ctx argument to BN_mul() was added in SSLeay 0.9.1b.
       BN_exp() appeared in SSLeay 0.9.0.  BN_nnmod(), BN_mod_add(),
       BN_mod_sub(), and BN_mod_sqr() were added in OpenSSL 0.9.7.

0.9.7d				  2003-11-20			     BN_add(3)
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