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CGI::Fast(3)	       Perl Programmers Reference Guide		  CGI::Fast(3)

NAME
       CGI::Fast - CGI Interface for Fast CGI

SYNOPSIS
	   use CGI::Fast qw(:standard);
	   $COUNTER = 0;
	   while (new CGI::Fast) {
	       print header;
	       print start_html("Fast CGI Rocks");
	       print
		   h1("Fast CGI Rocks"),
		   "Invocation number ",b($COUNTER++),
		   " PID ",b($$),".",
		   hr;
	       print end_html;
	   }

DESCRIPTION
       CGI::Fast is a subclass of the CGI object created by CGI.pm.  It is
       specialized to work well with the Open Market FastCGI standard, which
       greatly speeds up CGI scripts by turning them into persistently running
       server processes.  Scripts that perform time-consuming initialization
       processes, such as loading large modules or opening persistent database
       connections, will see large performance improvements.

OTHER PIECES OF THE PUZZLE
       In order to use CGI::Fast you'll need a FastCGI-enabled Web server. See
       http://www.fastcgi.com/ for details.

WRITING FASTCGI PERL SCRIPTS
       FastCGI scripts are persistent: one or more copies of the script are
       started up when the server initializes, and stay around until the
       server exits or they die a natural death.  After performing whatever
       one-time initialization it needs, the script enters a loop waiting for
       incoming connections, processing the request, and waiting some more.

       A typical FastCGI script will look like this:

	   #!/usr/local/bin/perl    # must be a FastCGI version of perl!
	   use CGI::Fast;
	   &do_some_initialization();
	   while ($q = new CGI::Fast) {
	       &process_request($q);
	   }

       Each time there's a new request, CGI::Fast returns a CGI object to your
       loop.  The rest of the time your script waits in the call to new().
       When the server requests that your script be terminated, new() will
       return undef.  You can of course exit earlier if you choose.  A new
       version of the script will be respawned to take its place (this may be
       necessary in order to avoid Perl memory leaks in long-running scripts).

       CGI.pm's default CGI object mode also works.  Just modify the loop this
       way:

	   while (new CGI::Fast) {
	       &process_request;
	   }

       Calls to header(), start_form(), etc. will all operate on the current
       request.

INSTALLING FASTCGI SCRIPTS
       See the FastCGI developer's kit documentation for full details.	On the
       Apache server, the following line must be added to srm.conf:

	   AddType application/x-httpd-fcgi .fcgi

       FastCGI scripts must end in the extension .fcgi.	 For each script you
       install, you must add something like the following to srm.conf:

	   FastCgiServer /usr/etc/httpd/fcgi-bin/file_upload.fcgi -processes 2

       This instructs Apache to launch two copies of file_upload.fcgi at
       startup time.

USING FASTCGI SCRIPTS AS CGI SCRIPTS
       Any script that works correctly as a FastCGI script will also work
       correctly when installed as a vanilla CGI script.  However it will not
       see any performance benefit.

EXTERNAL FASTCGI SERVER INVOCATION
       FastCGI supports a TCP/IP transport mechanism which allows FastCGI
       scripts to run external to the webserver, perhaps on a remote machine.
       To configure the webserver to connect to an external FastCGI server,
       you would add the following to your srm.conf:

	   FastCgiExternalServer /usr/etc/httpd/fcgi-bin/file_upload.fcgi -host sputnik:8888

       Two environment variables affect how the "CGI::Fast" object is created,
       allowing "CGI::Fast" to be used as an external FastCGI server.  (See
       "FCGI" documentation for "FCGI::OpenSocket" for more information.)

       FCGI_SOCKET_PATH
	   The address (TCP/IP) or path (UNIX Domain) of the socket the
	   external FastCGI script to which bind an listen for incoming
	   connections from the web server.

       FCGI_LISTEN_QUEUE
	   Maximum length of the queue of pending connections.

       For example:

	   #!/usr/local/bin/perl    # must be a FastCGI version of perl!
	   use CGI::Fast;
	   &do_some_initialization();
	   $ENV{FCGI_SOCKET_PATH} = "sputnik:8888";
	   $ENV{FCGI_LISTEN_QUEUE} = 100;
	   while ($q = new CGI::Fast) {
	       &process_request($q);
	   }

CAVEATS
       I haven't tested this very much.

AUTHOR INFORMATION
       Copyright 1996-1998, Lincoln D. Stein.  All rights reserved.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

       Address bug reports and comments to: lstein@cshl.org

BUGS
       This section intentionally left blank.

SEE ALSO
       CGI::Carp, CGI

perl v5.10.0			  2007-12-18			  CGI::Fast(3)
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