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Cairo(3)	      User Contributed Perl Documentation	      Cairo(3)

NAME
       Cairo - Perl interface to the cairo library

SYNOPSIS
	 use Cairo;

	 my $surface = Cairo::ImageSurface->create ('argb32', 100, 100);
	 my $cr = Cairo::Context->create ($surface);

	 $cr->rectangle (10, 10, 40, 40);
	 $cr->set_source_rgb (0, 0, 0);
	 $cr->fill;

	 $cr->rectangle (50, 50, 40, 40);
	 $cr->set_source_rgb (1, 1, 1);
	 $cr->fill;

	 $cr->show_page;

	 $surface->write_to_png ('output.png');

ABSTRACT
       Cairo provides Perl bindings for the vector graphics library cairo.  It
       supports multiple output targets, including PNG, PDF and SVG.  Cairo
       produces identical output on all those targets.

API DOCUMENTATION
       Note that this listing still lacks entries for Cairo::Surfaces and some
       utility methods.

       Drawing

       Cairo::Context -- The cairo drawing context

       Cairo::Context is the main object used when drawing with Cairo. To draw
       with Cairo, you create a Cairo::Context, set the target surface, and
       drawing options for the Cairo::Context, create shapes with methods like
       "$cr-"move_to> and "$cr->line_to", and then draw shapes with
       "$cr->stroke" or "$cr->fill".

       Cairo::Context's can be pushed to a stack via "$cr->save". They may
       then safely be changed, without loosing the current state. Use
       "$cr->restore" to restore to the saved state.  =over

       $cr = Cairo::Context->create ($surface)

       $surface: Cairo::Surface

       $cr->save

       $cr->restore

       $status = $cr->status

       $surface = $cr->get_target

       $cr->push_group [1.2]

       $cr->push_group_with_content ($content) [1.2]

       $content: Cairo::Content

       $pattern = $cr->pop_group [1.2]

       $cr->pop_group_to_source [1.2]

       $surface = $cr->get_group_target [1.2]

       $cr->set_source_rgb ($red, $green, $blue)

       $red: double
       $green: double
       $blue: double

       $cr->set_source_rgba ($red, $green, $blue, $alpha)

       $red: double
       $green: double
       $blue: double
       $alpha: double

       $cr->set_source ($source)

       $source: Cairo::Pattern

       $cr->set_source_surface ($surface, $x, $y)

       $surface: Cairo::Surface
       $x: double
       $y: double

       $source = $cr->get_source

       $cr->set_antialias ($antialias)

       $antialias: Cairo::Antialias

       $antialias = $cr->get_antialias

       $cr->set_dash ($offset, ...)

       $offset: double
       ...: list of doubles

       $cr->set_fill_rule ($fill_rule)

       $fill_rule: Cairo::FillRule

       $fill_rule = $cr->get_fill_rule

       $cr->set_line_cap ($line_cap)

       $line_cap: Cairo::LineCap

       $line_cap = $cr->get_line_cap

       $cr->set_line_join ($line_join)

       $line_join: Cairo::LineJoin

       $line_join = $cr->get_line_join

       $cr->set_line_width ($width)

       $width: double

       $width = $cr->get_line_width

       $cr->set_miter_limit ($limit)

       $limit: double

       ($offset, @dashes) = $cr->get_dash [1.4]

       $limit = $cr->get_miter_limit

       $cr->set_operator ($op)

       $op: Cairo::Operator

       $op = $cr->get_operator

       $cr->set_tolerance ($tolerance)

       $tolerance: double

       $tolerance = $cr->get_tolerance

       $cr->clip

       $cr->clip_preserve

       ($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2) = $cr->clip_extents [1.4]

       @rectangles = $cr->copy_clip_rectangle_list [1.4]

       $cr->reset_clip

       $cr->fill

       $cr->fill_preserve

       ($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2) = $cr->fill_extents

       $bool = $cr->in_fill ($x, $y)

       $x: double
       $y: double

       $cr->mask ($pattern)

       $pattern: Cairo::Pattern

       $cr->mask_surface ($surface, $surface_x, $surface_y)

       $surface: Cairo::Surface
       $surface_x: double
       $surface_y: double

       $cr->paint

       $cr->paint_with_alpha ($alpha)

       $alpha: double

       $cr->stroke

       $cr->stroke_preserve

       ($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2) = $cr->stroke_extents

       $bool = $cr->in_stroke ($x, $y)

       $x: double
       $y: double

       $cr->copy_page

       $cr->show_page

       Paths -- Creating paths and manipulating path data

	 $path = [
	   { type => "move-to", points => [[1, 2]] },
	   { type => "line-to", points => [[3, 4]] },
	   { type => "curve-to", points => [[5, 6], [7, 8], [9, 10]] },
	   ...
	   { type => "close-path", points => [] },
	 ];

       Cairo::Path is a data structure for holding a path. This data structure
       serves as the return value for "$cr->copy_path_data" and
       "$cr->copy_path_data_flat" as well the input value for
       "$cr->append_path".

       Cairo::Path is represented as an array reference that contains path
       elements, represented by hash references with two keys: type and
       points.	The value for type can be either of the following:

       "move-to"
       "line-to"
       "curve-to"
       "close-path"

       The value for points is an array reference which contains zero or more
       points.	Points are represented as array references that contain two
       doubles: x and y.  The necessary number of points depends on the type
       of the path element:

       "move-to": 1 point
       "line_to": 1 point
       "curve-to": 3 points
       "close-path": 0 points

       The semantics and ordering of the coordinate values are consistent with
       "$cr->move_to", "$cr->line_to", "$cr->curve_to", and "$cr->close_path".

       $path = $cr->copy_path

       $path = $cr->copy_path_flat

       $cr->append_path ($path)

       $path: Cairo::Path

       $bool = $cr->has_current_point [1.6]

       ($x, $y) = $cr->get_current_point

       $cr->new_path

       $cr->new_sub_path [1.2]

       $cr->close_path

       ($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2) = $cr->path_extents [1.6]

       $cr->arc ($xc, $yc, $radius, $angle1, $angle2)

       $xc: double
       $yc: double
       $radius: double
       $angle1: double
       $angle2: double

       $cr->arc_negative ($xc, $yc, $radius, $angle1, $angle2)

       $xc: double
       $yc: double
       $radius: double
       $angle1: double
       $angle2: double

       $cr->curve_to ($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2, $x3, $y3)

       $x1: double
       $y1: double
       $x2: double
       $y2: double
       $x3: double
       $y3: double

       $cr->line_to ($x, $y)

       $x: double
       $y: double

       $cr->move_to ($x, $y)

       $x: double
       $y: double

       $cr->rectangle ($x, $y, $width, $height)

       $x: double
       $y: double
       $width: double
       $height: double

       $cr->glyph_path (...)

       ...: list of Cairo::Glyph's

       $cr->text_path ($utf8)

       $utf8: string in utf8 encoding

       $cr->rel_curve_to ($dx1, $dy1, $dx2, $dy2, $dx3, $dy3)

       $dx1: double
       $dy1: double
       $dx2: double
       $dy2: double
       $dx3: double
       $dy3: double

       $cr->rel_line_to ($dx, $dy)

       $dx: double
       $dy: double

       $cr->rel_move_to ($dx, $dy)

       $dx: double
       $dy: double

       Patterns -- Gradients and filtered sources

       $status = $pattern->status

       $type = $pattern->get_type [1.2]

       $pattern->set_matrix ($matrix)

       $matrix: Cairo::Matrix

       $matrix = $pattern->get_matrix

       $pattern = Cairo::SolidPattern->create_rgb ($red, $green, $blue)

       $red: double
       $green: double
       $blue: double

       $pattern = Cairo::SolidPattern->create_rgba ($red, $green, $blue,
       $alpha)

       $red: double
       $green: double
       $blue: double
       $alpha: double

       ($r, $g, $b, $a) = $pattern->get_rgba [1.4]

       $pattern = Cairo::SurfacePattern->create ($surface)

       $surface: Cairo::Surface

       $pattern->set_extend ($extend)

       $extend: Cairo::Extend

       $extend = $pattern->get_extend

       $pattern->set_filter ($filter)

       $filter: Cairo::Filter

       $filter = $pattern->get_filter

       $surface = $pattern->get_surface [1.4]

       $pattern = Cairo::LinearGradient->create ($x0, $y0, $x1, $y1)

       $x0: double
       $y0: double
       $x1: double
       $y1: double

       ($x0, $y0, $x1, $y1) = $pattern->get_points [1.4]

       $pattern = Cairo::RadialGradient->create ($cx0, $cy0, $radius0, $cx1,
       $cy1, $radius1)

       $cx0: double
       $cy0: double
       $radius0: double
       $cx1: double
       $cy1: double
       $radius1: double

       ($x0, $y0, $r0, $x1, $y1, $r1) = $pattern->get_circles [1.4]

       $pattern->add_color_stop_rgb (double offset, double red, double green,
       double blue)

       $offset: double
       $red: double
       $green: double
       $blue: double

       $pattern->add_color_stop_rgba (double offset, double red, double green,
       double blue, double alpha)

       $offset: double
       $red: double
       $green: double
       $blue: double
       $alpha: double

       @stops = $pattern->get_color_stops [1.4]

       A color stop is represented as an array reference with five elements:
       offset, red, green, blue, and alpha.

       Transformations -- Manipulating the current transformation matrix

       $cr->translate ($tx, $ty)

       $tx: double
       $ty: double

       $cr->scale ($sx, $sy)

       $sx: double
       $sy: double

       $cr->rotate ($angle)

       $angle: double

       $cr->transform ($matrix)

       $matrix: Cairo::Matrix

       $cr->set_matrix ($matrix)

       $matrix: Cairo::Matrix

       $matrix = $cr->get_matrix

       $cr->identity_matrix

       ($x, $y) = $cr->user_to_device ($x, $y)

       $x: double
       $y: double

       ($dx, $dy) = $cr->user_to_device_distance ($dx, $dy)

       $dx: double
       $dy: double

       ($x, $y) = $cr->device_to_user ($x, $y)

       $x: double
       $y: double

       ($dx, $dy) = $cr->device_to_user_distance ($dx, $dy)

       $dx: double
       $dy: double

       Text -- Rendering text and sets of glyphs

       Glyphs are represented as anonymous hash references with three keys:
       index, x and y.	Example:

	 my @glyphs = ({ index => 1, x => 2, y => 3 },
		       { index => 2, x => 3, y => 4 },
		       { index => 3, x => 4, y => 5 });

       $cr->select_font_face ($family, $slant, $weight)

       $family: string
       $slant: Cairo::FontSlant
       $weight: Cairo::FontWeight

       $cr->set_font_size ($size)

       $size: double

       $cr->set_font_matrix ($matrix)

       $matrix: Cairo::Matrix

       $matrix = $cr->get_font_matrix

       $cr->set_font_options ($options)

       $options: Cairo::FontOptions

       $options = $cr->get_font_options

       $cr->set_scaled_font ($scaled_font) [1.2]

       $scaled_font: Cairo::ScaledFont

       $scaled_font = $cr->get_scaled_font [1.4]

       $cr->show_text ($utf8)

       $utf8: string

       $cr->show_glyphs (...)

       ...: list of glyphs

       $face = $cr->get_font_face

       $extents = $cr->font_extents

       $cr->set_font_face ($font_face)

       $font_face: Cairo::FontFace

       $cr->set_scaled_font ($scaled_font)

       $scaled_font: Cairo::ScaledFont

       $extents = $cr->text_extents ($utf8)

       $utf8: string

       $extents = $cr->glyph_extents (...)

       ...: list of glyphs

       Fonts

       Cairo::FontFace -- Base class for fonts

       $status = $font_face->status

       $type = $font_face->get_type [1.2]

       Scaled Fonts -- Caching metrics for a particular font size

       $scaled_font = Cairo::ScaledFont->create ($font_face, $font_matrix,
       $ctm, $options)

       $font_face: Cairo::FontFace
       $font_matrix: Cairo::Matrix
       $ctm: Cairo::Matrix
       $options: Cairo::FontOptions

       $status = $scaled_font->status

       $extents = $scaled_font->extents

       $extents = $scaled_font->text_extents ($utf8) [1.2]

       $utf8: string

       $extents = $scaled_font->glyph_extents (...)

       ...: list of glyphs

       $font_face = $scaled_font->get_font_face [1.2]

       $options = $scaled_font->get_font_options [1.2]

       $font_matrix = $scaled_font->get_font_matrix [1.2]

       $ctm = $scaled_font->get_ctm [1.2]

       $type = $scaled_font->get_type [1.2]

       Font Options -- How a font should be rendered

       $font_options = Cairo::FontOptions->create

       $status = $font_options->status

       $font_options->merge ($other)

       $other: Cairo::FontOptions

       $hash = $font_options->hash

       $bools = $font_options->equal ($other)

       $other: Cairo::FontOptions

       $font_options->set_antialias ($antialias)

       $antialias: Cairo::AntiAlias

       $antialias = $font_options->get_antialias

       $font_options->set_subpixel_order ($subpixel_order)

       $subpixel_order: Cairo::SubpixelOrder

       $subpixel_order = $font_options->get_subpixel_order

       $font_options->set_hint_style ($hint_style)

       $hint_style: Cairo::HintStyle

       $hint_style = $font_options->get_hint_style

       $font_options->set_hint_metrics ($hint_metrics)

       $hint_metrics: Cairo::HintMetrics

       $hint_metrics = $font_options->get_hint_metrics

       FreeType Fonts -- Font support for FreeType

       If your cairo library supports it, the FreeType integration allows you
       to load font faces from font files.  You can query for this capability
       with "Cairo::HAS_FT_FONT".  To actually use this, you'll need the
       Font::FreeType module.

       my $face = Cairo::FtFontFace->create ($ft_face, $load_flags=0)

       $ft_face: Font::FreeType::Face
       $load_flags: integer

       This method allows you to create a Cairo::FontFace from a
       Font::FreeType::Face.  To obtain the latter, you can for example load
       it from a file:

	 my $file = '/usr/share/fonts/truetype/ttf-bitstream-vera/Vera.ttf';
	 my $ft_face = Font::FreeType->new->face ($file);
	 my $face = Cairo::FtFontFace->create ($ft_face);

       Surfaces

       Cairo::Surface -- Base class for surfaces

       $new = $old->create_similar ($content, $width, $height)

       $content: Cairo::Content
       $width: integer
       $height: integer

       $status = $surface->status

       $surface->finish

       $surface->flush

       $font_options = $surface->get_font_options

       $content = $surface->get_content [1.2]

       $surface->mark_dirty

       $surface->mark_dirty_rectangle ($x, $y, $width, $height)

       $x: integer
       $y: integer
       $width: integer
       $height: integer

       $surface->set_device_offset ($x_offset, $y_offset)

       $x_offset: integer
       $y_offset: integer

       ($x_offset, $y_offset) = $surface->get_device_offset [1.2]

       $surface->set_fallback_resolution ($x_pixels_per_inch,
       $y_pixels_per_inch) [1.2]

       $x_pixels_per_inch: double
       $y_pixels_per_inch: double

       $type = $surface->get_type [1.2]

       $status = $surface->copy_page [1.6]

       $status: Cairo::Status

       $status = $surface->show_page [1.6]

       $status: Cairo::Status

       Image Surfaces -- Rendering to memory buffers

       $surface = Cairo::ImageSurface->create ($format, $width, $height)

       $format: Cairo::Format
       $width: integer
       $height: integer

       $surface = Cairo::ImageSurface->create_for_data ($data, $format,
       $width, $height, $stride)

       $data: image data
       $format: Cairo::Format
       $width: integer
       $height: integer
       $stride: integer

       $data = $surface->get_data [1.2]

       $format = $surface->get_format [1.2]

       $width = $surface->get_width

       $height = $surface->get_height

       $stride = $surface->get_stride [1.2]

       PDF Surfaces -- Rendering PDF documents

       $surface = Cairo::PdfSurface->create ($filename, $width_in_points,
       $height_in_points) [1.2]

       $filename: string
       $width_in_points: double
       $height_in_points: double

       $surface = Cairo::PdfSurface->create_for_stream ($callback,
       $callback_data, $width_in_points, $height_in_points) [1.2]

       $callback: Cairo::WriteFunc
       $callback_data: scalar
       $width_in_points: double
       $height_in_points: double

       $surface->set_size ($width_in_points, $height_in_points) [1.2]

       $width_in_points: double
       $height_in_points: double

       PNG Support -- Reading and writing PNG images

       $surface = Cairo::ImageSurface->create_from_png ($filename)

       $filename: string

       Cairo::ReadFunc: $data = sub { my ($callback_data, $length) = @_; }

       $data: binary image data, of length $length
       $callback_data: scalar, user data
       $length: integer, bytes to read

       $surface = Cairo::ImageSurface->create_from_png_stream ($callback,
       $callback_data)

       $callback: Cairo::ReadFunc
       $callback_data: scalar

       $status = $surface->write_to_png ($filename)

       $filename: string

       Cairo::WriteFunc: sub { my ($callback_data, $data) = @_; }

       $callback_data: scalar, user data
       $data: binary image data, to be written

       $status = $surface->write_to_png_stream ($callback, $callback_data)

       $callback: Cairo::WriteFunc
       $callback_data: scalar

       PostScript Surfaces -- Rendering PostScript documents

       $surface = Cairo::PsSurface->create ($filename, $width_in_points,
       $height_in_points) [1.2]

       $filename: string
       $width_in_points: double
       $height_in_points: double

       $surface = Cairo::PsSurface->create_for_stream ($callback,
       $callback_data, $width_in_points, $height_in_points) [1.2]

       $callback: Cairo::WriteFunc
       $callback_data: scalar
       $width_in_points: double
       $height_in_points: double

       $surface->set_size ($width_in_points, $height_in_points) [1.2]

       $width_in_points: double
       $height_in_points: double

       $surface->dsc_begin_setup [1.2]

       $surface->dsc_begin_page_setup [1.2]

       $surface->dsc_comment ($comment) [1.2]

       $comment: string

       $surface->restrict_to_level ($level) [1.6]

       $level: Cairo::PsLevel

       @levels = Cairo::PsSurface::get_levels [1.6]

       $string = Cairo::PsSurface::level_to_string ($level) [1.6]

       $level: Cairo::PsLevel

       $surface->set_eps ($eps) [1.6]

       $eps: boolean

       $eps = $surface->get_eps [1.6]

       SVG Surfaces -- Rendering SVG documents

       $surface = Cairo::SvgSurface->create ($filename, $width_in_points,
       $height_in_points) [1.2]

       $filename: string
       $width_in_points: double
       $height_in_points: double

       $surface = Cairo::SvgSurface->create_for_stream ($callback,
       $callback_data, $width_in_points, $height_in_points) [1.2]

       $callback: Cairo::WriteFunc
       $callback_data: scalar
       $width_in_points: double
       $height_in_points: double

       $surface->restrict_to_version ($version) [1.2]

       $version: Cairo::SvgVersion

       @versions = Cairo::SvgSurface::get_versions [1.2]

       $string = Cairo::SvgSurface::version_to_string ($version) [1.2]

       $version: Cairo::SvgVersion

       Utilities

       Version Information -- Run-time and compile-time version checks.

       $version = Cairo->version

       $string = Cairo->version_string

       $version_code = Cairo->VERSION

       $version_code = Cairo->VERSION_ENCODE ($major, $minor, $micro)

       $major: integer
       $minor: integer
       $micro: integer

       $stride = Cairo::Format::stride_for_width ($format, $width) [1.6]

       $format: Cairo::Format
       $width: integer

SEE ALSO
       http://cairographics.org/documentation
	   Lists many available resources including tutorials and examples

       http://cairographics.org/manual/
	   Contains the reference manual

AUTHORS
       Ross McFarland <rwmcfa1 at neces dot com>
       Torsten Schoenfeld <kaffeetisch at gmx dot de>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2004-2008 by the cairo perl team

perl v5.10.0			  2008-04-19			      Cairo(3)
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