ENDGRENT(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual ENDGRENT(3P)PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
not be implemented on Linux.
endgrent, getgrent, setgrent — group database entry functions
struct group *getgrent(void);
The getgrent() function shall return a pointer to a structure contain‐
ing the broken-out fields of an entry in the group database. When first
called, getgrent() shall return a pointer to a group structure contain‐
ing the first entry in the group database. Thereafter, it shall return
a pointer to a group structure containing the next group structure in
the group database, so successive calls may be used to search the
An implementation that provides extended security controls may impose
further implementation-defined restrictions on accessing the group
database. In particular, the system may deny the existence of some or
all of the group database entries associated with groups other than
those groups associated with the caller and may omit users other than
the caller from the list of members of groups in database entries that
The setgrent() function shall rewind the group database to allow
The endgrent() function may be called to close the group database when
processing is complete.
These functions need not be thread-safe.
When first called, getgrent() shall return a pointer to the first group
structure in the group database. Upon subsequent calls it shall return
the next group structure in the group database. The getgrent() function
shall return a null pointer on end-of-file or an error and errno may be
set to indicate the error.
The application shall not modify the structure to which the return
value points, nor any storage areas pointed to by pointers within the
structure. The returned pointer, and pointers within the structure,
might be invalidated or the structure or the storage areas might be
overwritten by a subsequent call to getgrgid(), getgrnam(), or get‐
The getgrent() function may fail if:
EINTR A signal was caught during the operation.
EIO An I/O error has occurred.
EMFILE All file descriptors available to the process are currently
ENFILE The maximum allowable number of files is currently open in the
The following sections are informative.
These functions are provided due to their historical usage. Applica‐
tions should avoid dependencies on fields in the group database,
whether the database is a single file, or where in the file system name
space the database resides. Applications should use getgrnam() and get‐
grgid() whenever possible because it avoids these dependencies.
SEE ALSOendpwent(), getgrgid(), getgrnam(), getlogin()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <grp.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
cal and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is
POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are
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IEEE/The Open Group 2013 ENDGRENT(3P)