EVP_SealInit(3) OpenSSL EVP_SealInit(3)NAME
EVP_SealInit, EVP_SealUpdate, EVP_SealFinal - EVP envelope encryption
int EVP_SealInit(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, EVP_CIPHER *type, unsigned char **ek,
int *ekl, unsigned char *iv,EVP_PKEY **pubk, int npubk);
int EVP_SealUpdate(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out,
int *outl, unsigned char *in, int inl);
int EVP_SealFinal(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out,
The EVP envelope routines are a high level interface to envelope
encryption. They generate a random key and IV (if required) then "enve‐
lope" it by using public key encryption. Data can then be encrypted
using this key.
EVP_SealInit() initializes a cipher context ctx for encryption with
cipher type using a random secret key and IV. type is normally supplied
by a function such as EVP_des_cbc(). The secret key is encrypted using
one or more public keys, this allows the same encrypted data to be
decrypted using any of the corresponding private keys. ek is an array
of buffers where the public key encrypted secret key will be written,
each buffer must contain enough room for the corresponding encrypted
key: that is ek[i] must have room for EVP_PKEY_size(pubk[i]) bytes. The
actual size of each encrypted secret key is written to the array ekl.
pubk is an array of npubk public keys.
The iv parameter is a buffer where the generated IV is written to. It
must contain enough room for the corresponding cipher's IV, as deter‐
mined by (for example) EVP_CIPHER_iv_length(type).
If the cipher does not require an IV then the iv parameter is ignored
and can be NULL.
EVP_SealUpdate() and EVP_SealFinal() have exactly the same properties
as the EVP_EncryptUpdate() and EVP_EncryptFinal() routines, as docu‐
mented on the EVP_EncryptInit(3) manual page.
RETURN VALUESEVP_SealInit() returns 0 on error or npubk if successful.
EVP_SealUpdate() and EVP_SealFinal() return 1 for success and 0 for
Because a random secret key is generated the random number generator
must be seeded before calling EVP_SealInit().
The public key must be RSA because it is the only OpenSSL public key
algorithm that supports key transport.
Envelope encryption is the usual method of using public key encryption
on large amounts of data, this is because public key encryption is slow
but symmetric encryption is fast. So symmetric encryption is used for
bulk encryption and the small random symmetric key used is transferred
using public key encryption.
It is possible to call EVP_SealInit() twice in the same way as
EVP_EncryptInit(). The first call should have npubk set to 0 and (after
setting any cipher parameters) it should be called again with type set
SEE ALSOevp(3), rand(3), EVP_EncryptInit(3), EVP_OpenInit(3)HISTORYEVP_SealFinal() did not return a value before OpenSSL 0.9.7.
0.9.7d 2003-11-20 EVP_SealInit(3)