File::DosGlob(3) Perl Programmers Reference Guide File::DosGlob(3)NAMEFile::DosGlob - DOS like globbing and then some
# override CORE::glob in current package
use File::DosGlob 'glob';
# override CORE::glob in ALL packages (use with extreme caution!)
use File::DosGlob 'GLOBAL_glob';
@perlfiles = glob "..\\pe?l/*.p?";
# from the command line (overrides only in main::)
> perl -MFile::DosGlob=glob -e "print <../pe*/*p?>"
A module that implements DOS-like globbing with a few enhancements. It
is largely compatible with perlglob.exe (the M$ setargv.obj version) in
all but one respect--it understands wildcards in directory components.
For example, "<..\\l*b\\file/*glob.p?"> will work as expected (in that
it will find something like '..\lib\File/DosGlob.pm' alright). Note
that all path components are case-insensitive, and that backslashes and
forward slashes are both accepted, and preserved. You may have to
double the backslashes if you are putting them in literally, due to
double-quotish parsing of the pattern by perl.
Spaces in the argument delimit distinct patterns, so "glob('*.exe
*.dll')" globs all filenames that end in ".exe" or ".dll". If you want
to put in literal spaces in the glob pattern, you can escape them with
either double quotes, or backslashes. e.g. "glob('c:/"Program
Files"/*/*.dll')", or "glob('c:/Program\ Files/*/*.dll')". The
argument is tokenized using "Text::ParseWords::parse_line()", so see
Text::ParseWords for details of the quoting rules used.
Extending it to csh patterns is left as an exercise to the reader.
· Mac OS (Classic) users should note a few differences. The
specification of pathnames in glob patterns adheres to the usual
Mac OS conventions: The path separator is a colon ':', not a slash
'/' or backslash '\'. A full path always begins with a volume name.
A relative pathname on Mac OS must always begin with a ':', except
when specifying a file or directory name in the current working
directory, where the leading colon is optional. If specifying a
volume name only, a trailing ':' is required. Due to these rules, a
glob like <*:> will find all mounted volumes, while a glob like <*>
or <:*> will find all files and directories in the current
Note that updirs in the glob pattern are resolved before the
matching begins, i.e. a pattern like "*HD:t?p::a*" will be matched
as "*HD:a*". Note also, that a single trailing ':' in the pattern
is ignored (unless it's a volume name pattern like "*HD:"), i.e. a
glob like <:*:> will find both directories and files (and not, as
one might expect, only directories).
The metachars '*', '?' and the escape char '\' are valid characters
in volume, directory and file names on Mac OS. Hence, if you want
to match a '*', '?' or '\' literally, you have to escape these
characters. Due to perl's quoting rules, things may get a bit
complicated, when you want to match a string like '\*' literally,
or when you want to match '\' literally, but treat the immediately
following character '*' as metachar. So, here's a rule of thumb
(applies to both single- and double-quoted strings): escape each
'*' or '?' or '\' with a backslash, if you want to treat them
literally, and then double each backslash and your are done. E.g.
- Match '\*' literally
escape both '\' and '*' : '\\\*'
double the backslashes : '\\\\\\*'
(Internally, the glob routine sees a '\\\*', which means that both
'\' and '*' are escaped.)
- Match '\' literally, treat '*' as metachar
escape '\' but not '*' : '\\*'
double the backslashes : '\\\\*'
(Internally, the glob routine sees a '\\*', which means that '\' is
escaped and '*' is not.)
Note that you also have to quote literal spaces in the glob
pattern, as described above.
EXPORTS (by request only)glob()BUGS
Should probably be built into the core, and needs to stop pandering to
DOS habits. Needs a dose of optimizium too.
Gurusamy Sarathy <firstname.lastname@example.org>
· Support for globally overriding glob() (GSAR 3-JUN-98)
· Scalar context, independent iterator context fixes (GSAR 15-SEP-97)
· A few dir-vs-file optimizations result in glob importation being 10
times faster than using perlglob.exe, and using perlglob.bat is
only twice as slow as perlglob.exe (GSAR 28-MAY-97)
· Several cleanups prompted by lack of compatible perlglob.exe under
Borland (GSAR 27-MAY-97)
· Initial version (GSAR 20-FEB-97)
perl v5.10.0 2007-12-18 File::DosGlob(3)