acct(2)acct(2)Nameacct - turn accounting on or off
The system is prepared to write a record in an accounting file for each
process as it terminates. This call, with a null-terminated string
naming an existing file as argument, turns on accounting; records for
each terminating process are appended to file. An argument of 0 causes
accounting to be turned off.
The accounting file format is given in
This call is permitted only to the superuser. Accounting is automati‐
cally disabled when the file system the accounting file resides on runs
out of space. It is enabled when space once again becomes available.
On error, -1 is returned. The file must exist and the call may be
exercised only by the superuser. It is erroneous to try to turn on
accounting when it is already on. If successful, 0 is returned.
The system call will fail if one of the following is true:
[EPERM] The caller is not the superuser.
[ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory.
[ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an
entire pathname exceeded 1023 characters.
[ENOENT] The named file does not exist.
[EACCES] The path name is not a regular file.
[EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system.
[EFAULT] The file points outside the process's allocated address
[ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating
[EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to
the file system.
No accounting is produced for programs running when a crash occurs. In
particular, nonterminating programs are never accounted for.
See Alsoacct(5), sa(8)acct(2)