TOKENINIT(8) OpenBSD System Manager's Manual TOKENINIT(8)NAME
activinit, cryptoinit, snkinit - modify or add user in ActivCard,
CRYPTOCard, or SNK-004 authentication system
tokeninit [-fhsv] [-m mode] user ...
The tokeninit utility may also be invoked by one of the following names:
activinit, cryptoinit, or snkinit. Depending on the name it was invoked
as, it will initialize the system information to allow one to use the
ActivCard, CRYPTOCard, or SNK-004 digital encryption token to login. The
tokeninit utility is intended for use by the system administrator.
Token card systems provide strong user authentication by combining a
user's unique knowledge (a Personal Identification Number) and a physical
object (the token) which the user must have in their possession to login.
The system administrator programs the token with a secret encryption key
which is also stored in the database. The user programs the token with a
PIN. To discourage exhaustive attempts to guess the PIN, configuration
options permit the token to be programmed to erase knowledge of the
shared secret should the user enter an excessive number of incorrect PIN
The user activates the token by entering their PIN into the token. After
activating the token, the user enters a random number challenge presented
by the host computer into the token. The challenge is encrypted by the
token and a response is displayed. The user then enters the response at
the host computer's prompt, where it is compared with the anticipated
Token cards typically support multiple unique encryption keys. This
facility allows a single token to be used for multiple computer systems,
or multiple user instances on the same system.
The options are as follows:
-f Force reinitialization of an existing account. The current
shared secret stored in the database will be replaced with a new
shared secret. The new shared secret must be entered into the
token, replacing the current one.
-h Read the shared secret as a 16 digit hexadecimal integer rather
than a sequence of 8 octets. This is not supported when invoked
Specify the input modes allowed for this user. Possible modes
are decimal (dec), hexadecimal (hex), phonebook (phone), and
reduced-input (rim). Not all modes are available for all types
of cards. Multiple -m options may be specified to enable
multiple modes. By default only the hexadecimal mode is enabled,
except for the SNK-004 token, which by default only enables the
decimal mode. If an attempt is made to initialize a card with
only reduced-input, the default mode for the card is silently
-s By default, tokeninit prompts for a shared secret to enter into
the authentication database. The -s option generates a 64-bit
cryptographically strong key for use in the token. This shared
secret will be saved in the database for the user ID specified on
the command line. After entering the shared secret into the
token, determine that the checksum computed by the token matches
the one displayed by tokeninit.
-v Enable verbose mode. tokeninit will emit messages on the status
of each user ID processed.
Reduced-input mode allows the token to predict the next challenge, given
the current challenge. This may be used to eliminate the need to enter
the challenge to the token or may also be used with a paper list. Using
a program such as x99token(1) many challenges could be precomputed and
printed. This list should be kept secret. This list can then take the
place of an actual token until the system has issued all the challenges
printed. Challenges are predicted by the following algorithm:
* Encrypt the last challenge with the shared secret key
* AND each byte of the response with 0x0f
* Modulo each byte by 10 (0x0a)
* ADD 0x30 (ASCII value of '0') to each byte
The resulting 8 bytes are all ASCII decimal digits and are the next
/etc/activ.db database of information for ActivCard system
/etc/crypto.db database of information for CRYPTOCard system
/etc/snk.db database of information for SNK-004 system
Diagnostic messages are logged via syslog(3) with the LOG_AUTH facility.
A supplier for ActivCard tokens may be obtained by contacting:
303 Twin Dolphin Dr., Ste 420
Redwood City, CA 94065
Tel: (415) 654-1700
Fax: (415) 654-1701
CRYPTOCard tokens may be obtained by contacting:
Attn: Wade Clark
1649 Barclay Blvd.
Buffalo Grove, Illinois 60089
Tel: (800) 307-7042 / (708) 459-6500
Fax: (708) 459-6599
SNK-004 tokens are no longer available for purchase.
SEE ALSOx99token(1), syslog(3), login_token(8), tokenadm(8)AUTHORS
Jack Flory <email@example.com>
Not all modes of all cards are supported.
OpenBSD 4.9 October 22, 2009 OpenBSD 4.9