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alpine(1)							     alpine(1)

NAME
       alpine - an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and Email

SYNTAX
       alpine [ options ] [ address , address ]

       alpinef [ options ] [ address , address ]

DESCRIPTION
       Alpine is a screen-oriented message-handling tool.  In its default con‐
       figuration, Alpine offers an intentionally  limited  set	 of  functions
       geared toward the novice user, but it also has a large list of optional
       "power-user" and personal-preference features.  alpinef is a variant of
       Alpine  that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-letter com‐
       mands.  Alpine's basic feature set includes:

	      View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

	      Compose messages in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap and  a
	      spelling	checker.   Messages may be postponed for later comple‐
	      tion.

	      Full-screen selection and management of message folders.

	      Address  book  to	 keep  a  list	of  long  or   frequently-used
	      addresses.    Personal   distribution   lists  may  be  defined.
	      Addresses may be taken into the address book from incoming  mail
	      without retyping them.

	      New  mail	 checking  and notification occurs automatically every
	      2.5 minutes and  after  certain  commands,  e.g.	refresh-screen
	      (Ctrl-L).

	      On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Alpine supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions), an Inter‐
       net Standard for representing multipart and multimedia data  in	email.
       Alpine allows you to save MIME objects to files, and in some cases, can
       also initiate the correct program for viewing the object.  It uses  the
       system's	 mailcap  configuration	 file  to  determine  what program can
       process a particular MIME object type.  Alpine's message composer  does
       not  have  integral  multimedia	capability,  but any type of data file
       --including multimedia-- can be attached to a  text  message  and  sent
       using MIME's encoding rules.  This allows any group of individuals with
       MIME-capable mail software (e.g. Alpine, PC-Alpine, or many other  pro‐
       grams)  to  exchange  formatted	documents, spread-sheets, image files,
       etc, via Internet email.

       Alpine uses the c-client messaging API to access local and remote  mail
       folders.	 This library provides a variety of low-level message-handling
       functions, including drivers for a variety of different mail file  for‐
       mats, as well as routines to access remote mail and news servers, using
       IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP (Network  News	Trans‐
       port  Protocol).	  Outgoing  mail  is  usually posted directly via SMTP
       (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).

OPTIONS
       The command line options/arguments are:

       address		   Send mail to address.  This will cause Alpine to go
			   directly into the message composer.

       -attach file	   Send mail with the listed file as an attachment.

       -attachlist file-list
			   Send	 mail  with the listed file-list as an attach‐
			   ments.

       -attach_and_delete file
			   Send mail with the listed file  as  an  attachment,
			   and remove the file after the message is sent.

       -aux local_directory
			   PC-Alpine  only.  When using a remote configuration
			   (-p <remote_config>) this tells PC-Alpine the local
			   directory  to use for storing auxiliary files, like
			   debug files, address books, and signature files.

       -bail		   Exit if the pinerc file does not exist. This	 might
			   be useful if the config file is accessed using some
			   remote filesystem protocol. If the remote mount  is
			   missing  this  will cause Alpine to quit instead of
			   creating a new pinerc.

       -c context-number   context-number is the number corresponding  to  the
			   folder-collection  to  which	 the  -f  command line
			   argument should be  applied.	  By  default  the  -f
			   argument  is	 applied  to the first defined folder-
			   collection.

       -conf		   Produce a sample/fresh copy of the system-wide con‐
			   figuration  file, alpine.conf, on the standard out‐
			   put. This is distinct  from	the  per-user  .pinerc
			   file.

       -convert_sigs -p pinerc
			   Convert signature files into literal signatures.

       -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
			   Copy	 the  local  address  book  file  to  a remote
			   address book folder.

       -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
			   Copy the local  pinerc  file	 to  a	remote	pinerc
			   folder.

       -d debug-level	   Output  diagnostic info at debug-level (0-9) to the
			   current .pine-debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0	 turns
			   debugging off and suppresses the .pine-debug file.

       -d key[=val]	   Fine	 tuned	output	of  diagnostic	messages where
			   "flush" causes debug file writing  without  buffer‐
			   ing,	 "timestamp" appends each message with a time‐
			   stamp, "imap=n" where n is between 0 and  4	repre‐
			   senting  none  to verbose IMAP telemetry reporting,
			   "numfiles=n" where n is between  0  and  31	corre‐
			   sponding  to the number of debug files to maintain,
			   and "verbose=n" where n is between 0 and 9 indicat‐
			   ing an inverse threshold for message output.

       -f folder	   Open	 folder	 (in  first defined folder collection,
			   use -c n to specify another collection) instead  of
			   INBOX.

       -F file		   Open	  named	 text  file  and  view	with  Alpine's
			   browser.

       -h		   Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i		   Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.

       -I keystrokes	   Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes	 which
			   Alpine should execute on startup.

       -install		   For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
			   prompt  for	some  basic  setup  information,  then
			   exits.

       -k		   Use function keys for commands. This is the same as
			   running the command alpinef.

       -n number	   Start up with current message-number set to number.

       -o		   Open first folder read-only.

       -p config-file	   Use config-file as the personal configuration  file
			   instead of the default .pinerc.

       -P config-file	   Use	config-file  as the configuration file instead
			   of	default	  system-wide	 configuration	  file
			   alpine.conf.

       -pinerc file	   Output fresh pinerc configuration to file, preserv‐
			   ing the settings of variables  that	the  user  has
			   made.   Use	file set to ``-'' to make output go to
			   standard out.  <IP> -registry cmd 20 For  PC-Alpine
			   only,  this	option	affects the values of Alpine's
			   registry entries.  Possible values for cmd are set,
			   clear,  and	dump.	Set will always reset Alpine's
			   registry entries according to its current settings.
			   Clear  will clear the registry values.  Clearsilent
			   will silently clear the registry values.  Dump will
			   display  the	 values	 of current registry settings.
			   Note that the dump command is  currently  disabled.
			   Without  the -registry option, PC-Alpine will write
			   values into the registry only  if  there  currently
			   aren't any values set.

       -r		   Use	restricted/demo	 mode.	 Alpine will only send
			   mail to itself and functions like save  and	export
			   are restricted.

       -sort order	   Sort the FOLDER INDEX display in one of the follow‐
			   ing orders: arrival,	 date,	subject,  orderedsubj,
			   thread,  from,  size,  score,  to,  cc, or reverse.
			   Arrival order  is  the  default.   The  OrderedSubj
			   choice  simulates a threaded sort.  Any sort may be
			   reversed by adding  /reverse	 to  it.   Reverse  by
			   itself is the same as arrival/reverse.

       -supported	   Some	 options may or may not be supported depending
			   on how Alpine was  compiled.	  This	is  a  way  to
			   determine  which  options are supported in the par‐
			   ticular copy of Alpine you are using.

       -uninstall	   For PC-Alpine only, this option causes PC-Alpine to
			   remove references to Alpine in Windows settings.

       -url url		   Open	 the  given url.  Cannot be used with -f or -F
			   options.

       -v		   Version: Print version information.

       -version		   Version: Print version information.

       -x config	   Use configuration exceptions in config.  Exceptions
			   are	used  to override your default pinerc settings
			   for a particular platform, can be a local file or a
			   remote folder.

       -z		   Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so alpine may be suspended.

       -option=value	   Assign value to the config option option e.g. -sig‐
			   nature-file=sig1 or -feature-list=signature-at-bot‐
			   tom (Note: feature-list values are additive)

CONFIGURATION
       There are several levels of Alpine configuration.  Configuration values
       at a given level over-ride corresponding values at  lower  levels.   In
       order of increasing precedence:

	o built-in defaults.
	o system-wide alpine.conf file.
	o personal .pinerc file (may be set via built-in Setup/Config menu.)
	o command-line options.
	o system-wide alpine.conf.fixed file.

       There  is  one  exception  to  the  rule	 that configuration values are
       replaced by the value of the same option in a  higher-precedence	 file:
       the  feature-list  variable  has	 values	 that are additive, but can be
       negated by prepending "no-" in front of	an  individual	feature	 name.
       Unix Alpine also uses the following environment variables:

	 TERM
	 DISPLAY     (determines if Alpine can display IMAGE attachments.)
	 SHELL	     (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
	 MAILCAPS    (semicolon delimited list of path names to mailcap files)

FILES
       /usr/spool/mail/xxxx	   Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail			   Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook		   Default address book file.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]	   Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc		   Personal alpine config file.
       ~/.newsrc		   News subscription/state file.
       ~/.mailcap		   Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types		   Personal  file  extension to MIME type map‐
       ping
       /etc/mailcap		   System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types		   System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /usr/local/etc/pine.info	   Local pointer to system administrator.
       /usr/local/etc/alpine.conf  System-wide configuration file.
       /usr/local/etc/alpine.conf.fixed Non-overridable configuration file.
       /tmp/.\usr\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail	   Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs	   For postponed messages.
       ~/mail/sent-mail		   Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages	   Default destination for Saving messages.

SEE ALSO
       pico(1), binmail(1), aliases(5),	 mailaddr(7),  sendmail(8),  spell(1),
       imapd(8)

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine
       Alpine Information Center:  http://www.washington.edu/alpine
       Source distribution:  ftp://ftp.cac.washington.edu/alpine/alpine.tar.gz
       Alpine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
       C-Client messaging API library, included in the source distribution.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
       The University of Washington Alpine development team (part of the UW Office
       of Computing & Communications) includes:

	Project Leader:		  Mike Seibel
	Principal authors:	  Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Jeff Franklin
	C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin
	Documentation:		  Many people!
	Project oversight:	  Terry Gray, Lori Stevens
	Principal Patrons:	  Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant
	Initial Alpine code base: Pine - by the University of Washington,
				  Elm - by Dave Taylor & USENET Community Trust
	Initial Pico code base:	  MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy
	User Interface design:	  Inspired by UCLA's "Ben" mailer for MVS
	Suggestions/fixes/ports:  Folks from all over!

       $Date: 2008-08-22 13:40:16 -0700 (Fri, 22 Aug 2008) $

				 Version 2.00			     alpine(1)
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