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APPLY(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		      APPLY(1)

NAME
     applyapply a command to a set of arguments

SYNOPSIS
     apply [-a c] [-d] [-#] command argument ...

DESCRIPTION
     The apply utility runs the named command on each argument argument in
     turn.

     Character sequences of the form “%d” in command, where ‘d’ is a digit
     from 1 to 9, are replaced by the d´th following unused argument.  In this
     case, the largest digit number of arguments are discarded for each execu‐
     tion of command.

     The options are as follows:

     -#	     Normally arguments are taken singly; the optional number -# spec‐
	     ifies the number of arguments to be passed to command.  If the
	     number is zero, command is run, without arguments, once for each
	     argument.

	     If any sequences of “%d” occur in command, the -# option is
	     ignored.

     -a c    The use of the character ‘%’ as a magic character may be changed
	     with the -a option.

     -d	     Display the commands that would have been executed, but do not
	     actually execute them.

ENVIRONMENT
     The following environment variable affects the execution of apply:

     SHELL  Pathname of shell to use.  If this variable is not defined, the
	    Bourne shell is used.

FILES
     /bin/sh  default shell

EXAMPLES
     apply echo *
	    is similar to ls(1);
     apply -2 cmp a1 b1 a2 b2 a3 b3
	    compares the `a' files to the `b' files;
     apply -0 who 1 2 3 4 5
	    runs who(1) 5 times; and
     apply ´ln %1 /usr/joe´ *
	    links all files in the current directory to the directory
	    /usr/joe.

HISTORY
     The apply command appeared in 4.2BSD.

AUTHORS
     Rob Pike

BUGS
     Shell metacharacters in command may have bizarre effects; it is best to
     enclose complicated commands in single quotes ('').

     The apply utility does not recognize multibyte characters.

BSD			       December 13, 2006			   BSD
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