APPLY(1) OpenBSD Reference Manual APPLY(1)NAMEapply - apply a command to a set of arguments
SYNOPSISapply [-#] [-d] [-a magic] command argument ...
DESCRIPTIONapply runs the named command on each given argument in turn.
Character sequences of the form ``%d'' in command, where `d' is a digit
from 1 to 9, are replaced by the d'th following unused argument. In this
case, the largest digit number of arguments are discarded for each
execution of command.
The options are as follows:
-# Normally arguments are taken singly; the optional number -#
specifies the number of arguments to be passed to command. If
the number is zero, command is run, without arguments, once for
If any sequences of ``%d'' occur in command, the -# option is
Use magic as the magic character instead of the default `%'.
-d Debug mode. Print commands to the standard output but do not
actually execute them.
SHELL Pathname of shell to use. If this variable is not defined, the
Bourne shell is used.
/bin/sh default shell
Operate similar to ls(1):
$ apply echo *
Compare the a* files to the b* files:
$ apply-2 cmp a1 b1 a2 b2 a3 b3
Run who(1) five times:
$ apply-0 who 1 2 3 4 5
Link all files in the current directory to the directory /home/joe:
$ apply 'ln %1 /home/joe' *
SEE ALSOsh(1), xargs(1)HISTORY
The apply command appeared in 4.2BSD.
Shell metacharacters in command may have bizarre effects; it is best to
enclose complicated commands in single quotes ('').
OpenBSD 4.9 May 31, 2007 OpenBSD 4.9