ARCHIVE(8)ARCHIVE(8)NAMEarchive - Usenet article archiver
SYNOPSISarchive [ -aarchive ] [ -f ] [ -i index ] [ -m ] [ -r ] [ input ]
Archive makes copies of files specified on its standard input. It is
normally run either as a channel feed under innd(8), or by a script
before expire(8) is run.
Archive reads the named input file, or standard input if no file is
given. The input is taken as a set of lines. Blank lines and lines
starting with a number sign (``#'') are ignored. All other lines
should specify the name of a file to archive. If a filename is not an
absolute pathname, it is taken to be relative to /var/spool/news/spool.
Files are copied to a directory within the archive directory,
/var/spool/news/news.archive. The default is to create a hierarchy
that mimics the input files; intermediate directories will be created
as needed. For example, the input file comp/sources/unix/2211 (article
2211 in the newsgroup comp.sources.unix) will be copied to
/var/spool/news/news.archive/comp/sources/unix/2211. If the ``-f''
flag is used, then all directory names will be flattened out, replacing
the slashes with periods. In this case, the file would be copied to
If the ``-i'' flag is used, then archive will append one line to the
specified index file for each article that it copies. This line will
contain the destination name and the Message-ID and Subject headers.
For example, a typical newsfeeds(5) entry to archive most source news‐
groups is as follows:
:/usr/contrib/news/archive -f -i \
Files are copied by making a link. If that fails a new file is cre‐
ated. If the ``-m'' flag is used, then the file will be copied to the
destination, and the input file will be replaced with a symbolic link
pointing to the new file.
By default, archive sets its standard error to
/var/spool/news/data/errlog. To suppress this redirection, use the
If the input is exhausted, archive will exit with a zero status. If an
I/O error occures, it will try to spool its input, copying it to a
file. If there was no input filename, the standard input will be
copied to /var/spool/news/out.going/archive and the program will exit.
If an input filename was given, a temporary file named input.bch (if
input is an absolute pathname) or /var/spool/news/out.going/input.bch
(if the filename does not begin with a slash) is created. Once the
input is copied, archive will try to rename this temporary file to be
the name of the input file, and then exit.
Written by Rich $alz <email@example.com> for InterNetNews. This is
revision 1.8, dated 1992/08/19.