ARCHIVE_WRITE_DISK(3) BSD Library Functions Manual ARCHIVE_WRITE_DISK(3)NAME
archive_write_data, archive_write_finish_entry, archive_write_close,
archive_write_finish — functions for creating objects on disk
struct archive *
archive_write_disk_set_options(struct archive *, int flags);
archive_write_disk_set_skip_file(struct archive *, dev_t, ino_t);
archive_write_disk_set_group_lookup(struct archive *, void *,
gid_t (*)(void *, const char *gname, gid_t gid),
void (*cleanup)(void *));
archive_write_disk_set_standard_lookup(struct archive *);
archive_write_disk_set_user_lookup(struct archive *, void *,
uid_t (*)(void *, const char *uname, uid_t uid),
void (*cleanup)(void *));
archive_write_header(struct archive *, struct archive_entry *);
archive_write_data(struct archive *, const void *, size_t);
archive_write_finish_entry(struct archive *);
archive_write_close(struct archive *);
archive_write_finish(struct archive *);
These functions provide a complete API for creating objects on disk from
struct archive_entry descriptions. They are most naturally used when
extracting objects from an archive using the archive_read() interface.
The general process is to read struct archive_entry objects from an ar‐
chive, then write those objects to a struct archive object created using
the archive_write_disk() family functions. This interface is deliber‐
ately very similar to the archive_write() interface used to write objects
to a streaming archive.
Allocates and initializes a struct archive object suitable for
writing objects to disk.
Records the device and inode numbers of a file that should not be
overwritten. This is typically used to ensure that an extraction
process does not overwrite the archive from which objects are
being read. This capability is technically unnecessary but can
be a significant performance optimization in practice.
The options field consists of a bitwise OR of one or more of the
The user and group IDs should be set on the restored
file. By default, the user and group IDs are not
Full permissions (including SGID, SUID, and sticky bits)
should be restored exactly as specified, without obeying
the current umask. Note that SUID and SGID bits can only
be restored if the user and group ID of the object on
disk are correct. If ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_OWNER is not speci‐
fied, then SUID and SGID bits will only be restored if
the default user and group IDs of newly-created objects
on disk happen to match those specified in the archive
entry. By default, only basic permissions are restored,
and umask is obeyed.
The timestamps (mtime, ctime, and atime) should be
restored. By default, they are ignored. Note that
restoring of atime is not currently supported.
Existing files on disk will not be overwritten. By
default, existing regular files are truncated and over‐
written; existing directories will have their permissions
updated; other pre-existing objects are unlinked and
recreated from scratch.
Existing files on disk will be unlinked before any
attempt to create them. In some cases, this can prove to
be a significant performance improvement. By default,
existing files are truncated and rewritten, but the file
is not recreated. In particular, the default behavior
does not break existing hard links.
Attempt to restore ACLs. By default, extended ACLs are
Attempt to restore extended file flags. By default, file
flags are ignored.
Attempt to restore POSIX.1e extended attributes. By
default, they are ignored.
Refuse to extract any object whose final location would
be altered by a symlink on disk. This is intended to
help guard against a variety of mischief caused by ar‐
chives that (deliberately or otherwise) extract files
outside of the current directory. The default is not to
perform this check. If ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_UNLINK is speci‐
fied together with this option, the library will remove
any intermediate symlinks it finds and return an error
only if such symlink could not be removed.
Refuse to extract a path that contains a .. element any‐
where within it. The default is to not refuse such
paths. Note that paths ending in .. always cause an
error, regardless of this flag.
Scan data for blocks of NUL bytes and try to recreate
them with holes. This results in sparse files, indepen‐
dent of whether the archive format supports or uses them.
The struct archive_entry objects contain both names and ids that
can be used to identify users and groups. These names and ids
describe the ownership of the file itself and also appear in ACL
lists. By default, the library uses the ids and ignores the
names, but this can be overridden by registering user and group
lookup functions. To register, you must provide a lookup func‐
tion which accepts both a name and id and returns a suitable id.
You may also provide a void * pointer to a private data structure
and a cleanup function for that data. The cleanup function will
be invoked when the struct archive object is destroyed.
This convenience function installs a standard set of user and
group lookup functions. These functions use getpwnam(3) and
getgrnam(3) to convert names to ids, defaulting to the ids if the
names cannot be looked up. These functions also implement a sim‐
ple memory cache to reduce the number of calls to getpwnam(3) and
Build and write a header using the data in the provided struct
archive_entry structure. See archive_entry(3) for information on
creating and populating struct archive_entry objects.
Write data corresponding to the header just written. Returns
number of bytes written or -1 on error.
Close out the entry just written. Ordinarily, clients never need
to call this, as it is called automatically by
archive_write_next_header() and archive_write_close() as needed.
Set any attributes that could not be set during the initial
restore. For example, directory timestamps are not restored ini‐
tially because restoring a subsequent file would alter that time‐
stamp. Similarly, non-writable directories are initially created
with write permissions (so that their contents can be restored).
The archive_write_disk_new library maintains a list of all such
deferred attributes and sets them when this function is invoked.
Invokes archive_write_close() if it was not invoked manually,
then releases all resources.
More information about the struct archive object and the overall design
of the library can be found in the libarchive(3) overview. Many of these
functions are also documented under archive_write(3).
Most functions return ARCHIVE_OK (zero) on success, or one of several
non-zero error codes for errors. Specific error codes include:
ARCHIVE_RETRY for operations that might succeed if retried, ARCHIVE_WARN
for unusual conditions that do not prevent further operations, and
ARCHIVE_FATAL for serious errors that make remaining operations impossi‐
ble. The archive_errno() and archive_error_string() functions can be
used to retrieve an appropriate error code and a textual error message.
archive_write_disk_new() returns a pointer to a newly-allocated struct
archive_write_data() returns a count of the number of bytes actually
written. On error, -1 is returned and the archive_errno() and
archive_error_string() functions will return appropriate values.
SEE ALSOarchive_read(3), archive_write(3), tar(1), libarchive(3)HISTORY
The libarchive library first appeared in FreeBSD 5.3. The
archive_write_disk interface was added to libarchive 2.0 and first
appeared in FreeBSD 6.3.
The libarchive library was written by Tim Kientzle ⟨email@example.com⟩.
Directories are actually extracted in two distinct phases. Directories
are created during archive_write_header(), but final permissions are not
set until archive_write_close(). This separation is necessary to cor‐
rectly handle borderline cases such as a non-writable directory contain‐
ing files, but can cause unexpected results. In particular, directory
permissions are not fully restored until the archive is closed. If you
use chdir(2) to change the current directory between calls to
archive_read_extract() or before calling archive_read_close(), you may
confuse the permission-setting logic with the result that directory per‐
missions are restored incorrectly.
The library attempts to create objects with filenames longer than
PATH_MAX by creating prefixes of the full path and changing the current
directory. Currently, this logic is limited in scope; the fixup pass
does not work correctly for such objects and the symlink security check
option disables the support for very long pathnames.
Restoring the path aa/../bb does create each intermediate directory. In
particular, the directory aa is created as well as the final object bb.
In theory, this can be exploited to create an entire directory hierarchy
with a single request. Of course, this does not work if the
ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_NODOTDOT option is specified.
Implicit directories are always created obeying the current umask.
Explicit objects are created obeying the current umask unless
ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_PERM is specified, in which case they current umask is
SGID and SUID bits are restored only if the correct user and group could
be set. If ARCHIVE_EXTRACT_OWNER is not specified, then no attempt is
made to set the ownership. In this case, SGID and SUID bits are restored
only if the user and group of the final object happen to match those
specified in the entry.
The “standard” user-id and group-id lookup functions are not the defaults
because getgrnam(3) and getpwnam(3) are sometimes too large for particu‐
lar applications. The current design allows the application author to
use a more compact implementation when appropriate.
There should be a corresponding archive_read_disk interface that walks a
directory hierarchy and returns archive entry objects.
BSD August 5, 2008 BSD