ARP(8) BSD System Manager's Manual ARP(8)NAMEarp — address resolution display and control
SYNOPSISarp [-n] [-i interface] hostname
arp [-n] [-i interface] [-l] -a
arp-d hostname [pub] [ifscope interface]
arp-d [-i interface] -a
arp-s hostname ether_addr [temp] [reject] [blackhole] [pub [only]]
arp-S hostname ether_addr [temp] [reject] [blackhole] [pub [only]]
The arp utility displays and modifies the Internet-to-Ethernet address
translation tables used by the address resolution protocol (arp(4)).
With no flags, the program displays the current ARP entry for hostname.
The host may be specified by name or by number, using Internet dot nota‐
-a The program displays or deletes all of the current ARP entries.
-d A super-user may delete an entry for the host called hostname
with the -d flag. If the pub keyword is specified, only the
“published” ARP entry for this host will be deleted. If the
ifscope keyword is specified, the entry specific to the interface
will be deleted.
Alternatively, the -d flag may be combined with the -a flag to
delete all entries.
Limit the operation scope to the ARP entries on interface.
Applicable only to the following operations: display one, display
all, delete all.
-l Show link-layer reachability information.
-n Show network addresses as numbers (normally arp attempts to dis‐
play addresses symbolically).
-s hostname ether_addr
Create an ARP entry for the host called hostname with the Ether‐
net address ether_addr. The Ethernet address is given as six hex
bytes separated by colons. The entry will be permanent unless
the word temp is given in the command. If the word pub is given,
the entry will be “published”; i.e., this system will act as an
ARP server, responding to requests for hostname even though the
host address is not its own. In this case the ether_addr can be
given as auto in which case the interfaces on this host will be
examined, and if one of them is found to occupy the same subnet,
its Ethernet address will be used. If the only keyword is also
specified, this will create a “published (proxy only)” entry.
This type of entry is created automatically if arp detects that a
routing table entry for hostname already exists.
If the reject keyword is specified the entry will be marked so
that traffic to the host will be discarded and the sender will be
notified the host is unreachable. The blackhole keyword is simi‐
lar in that traffic is discarded but the sender is not notified.
These can be used to block external traffic to a host without
using a firewall.
If the ifscope keyword is specified, the entry will set with an
additional property that strictly associate the entry to the
interface. This allows for the presence of mutiple entries with
the same destination on different interfaces.
-S hostname ether_addr
Is just like -s except any existing ARP entry for this host will
be deleted first.
Cause the file filename to be read and multiple entries to be set
in the ARP tables. Entries in the file should be of the form
hostname ether_addr [temp] [pub [only]] [ifscope interface]
with argument meanings as given above. Leading whitespace and
empty lines are ignored. A ‘#’ character will mark the rest of
the line as a comment.
-x Show extended link-layer reachability information in addition to
that shown by the -l flag.
SEE ALSOinet(3), arp(4), ifconfig(8), ndp(8)HISTORY
The arp utility appeared in 4.3BSD.
BSD March 18, 2008 BSD