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ATOI(3P)		   POSIX Programmer's Manual		      ATOI(3P)

       This  manual  page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the	 corresponding
       Linux  manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
       not be implemented on Linux.

       atoi — convert a string to an integer

       #include <stdlib.h>

       int atoi(const char *str);

       The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with  the
       ISO C  standard.	 Any  conflict between the requirements described here
       and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This  volume  of  POSIX.1‐2008
       defers to the ISO C standard.

       The call atoi(str) shall be equivalent to:

	   (int) strtol(str, (char **)NULL, 10)

       except  that  the handling of errors may differ. If the value cannot be
       represented, the behavior is undefined.

       The atoi() function shall return the converted value if the  value  can
       be represented.

       No errors are defined.

       The following sections are informative.

   Converting an Argument
       The  following example checks for proper usage of the program. If there
       is an argument and the decimal conversion of  this  argument  (obtained
       using atoi()) is greater than 0, then the program has a valid number of
       minutes to wait for an event.

	   #include <stdlib.h>
	   #include <stdio.h>
	   int minutes_to_event;
	   if (argc < 2 || ((minutes_to_event = atoi (argv[1]))) <= 0) {
	      fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s minutes\n", argv[0]); exit(1);

       The atoi() function is subsumed by strtol() but is retained because  it
       is  used extensively in existing code. If the number is not known to be
       in range, strtol() should be used because atoi()	 is  not  required  to
       perform any error checking.




       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <stdlib.h>

       Portions	 of  this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
       --  Portable  Operating	System	Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
       Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
       cal  and	 Electronics  Engineers,  Inc  and  The	 Open Group.  (This is
       POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum	 1  applied.)  In  the
       event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
       The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group  Standard
       is  the	referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
       at .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear  in  this  page  are
       most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source
       files to man page format. To report such errors,	 see  https://www.ker‐ .

IEEE/The Open Group		     2013			      ATOI(3P)

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