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AUTOCONF(9)		     OpenBSD Kernel Manual		   AUTOCONF(9)

     autoconf - autoconfiguration framework

     #include <sys/param.h>
     #include <sys/device.h>

     Autoconfiguration is the process of matching hardware devices with an
     appropriate device driver.	 In its most basic form, autoconfiguration
     consists of the recursive process of finding and attaching all devices on
     a bus, including other buses.

     The autoconfiguration framework supports direct configuration where the
     bus driver can determine the devices present.

     The autoconfiguration framework also supports indirect configuration
     where the drivers must probe the bus looking for the presence of a
     device.  Direct configuration is preferred since it can find hardware
     regardless of the presence of proper drivers.

     The autoconfiguration process occurs at system bootstrap and is driven by
     a table generated from a ``machine description'' file by config(8).  For
     a description of the config(8) ``device definition'' language, see

     Each device must have a name consisting of an alphanumeric string that
     ends with a unit number.  The unit number identifies an instance of the
     driver.  Device data structures are allocated dynamically during
     autoconfiguration, giving a unique address for each instance.


     The config_init() function initializes the autoconfiguration data

     void *
     config_search(cfmatch_t func, struct device *parent, void *aux);

     void *
     config_rootsearch(cfmatch_t func, char *rootname, void *aux);

     The config_search() function performs indirect configuration of physical
     devices by iterating over all potential children, calling the given
     function func for each one.

     The config_rootsearch() function finds the root device identified by the
     string rootname, in a manner similar to config_search(), except that
     there is no parent device.	 If func is NULL, config_search() applies each
     child's match function instead.  The argument parent is the pointer to
     the parent's device structure.  The given aux argument describes the
     device that has been found and is simply passed on through func to the
     child.  config_search() returns a pointer to the best-matched child or
     NULL otherwise.

     The role of func is to call the match function for each device and call
     config_attach() for any positive matches.

     typedef int (*cfmatch_t)(struct device *parent, void *child, void *aux);

     If func is NULL, then the parent should record the return value from
     config_search() and call config_attach() itself.

     Note that this function is designed so that it can be used to apply an
     arbitrary function to all potential children.  In this case callers may
     choose to ignore the return value.

     struct device *
     config_found_sm(struct device *parent, void *aux, cfprint_t
     print, cfmatch_t submatch);

     struct device *
     config_found(struct device *parent, void *aux, cfprint_t print);

     struct device *
     config_rootfound(char *rootname, void *aux);

     The config_found_sm() function performs direct configuration on a
     physical device.  config_found_sm() is called by the parent and in turn
     calls the submatch function to call the match function as determined by
     the configuration table.  If submatch is NULL, the driver match functions
     are called directly.  The argument parent is the pointer to the parent's
     device structure.	The given aux argument describes the device that has
     been found.  The softc structure for the matched device will be
     allocated, and the appropriate driver attach function will be called.

     If the device is matched, the system prints the name of the child and
     parent devices, and then calls the print function to produce additional
     information if desired.  If no driver takes a match, the same print
     function is called to complain.  The print function is called with the
     aux argument and, if the matches failed, the full name (including unit
     number) of the parent device, otherwise NULL.

     typedef int (*cfprint_t)(void *aux, const char *parentname);
     #define QUIET   0		     /* print nothing */
     #define UNCONF  1		     /* print " not configured" */
     #define UNSUPP  2		     /* print " not supported" */

     Two special strings, ``not configured'' and ``unsupported'' will be
     appended automatically to non-driver reports if the return value is
     UNCONF or UNSUPP respectively, otherwise the function should return the
     value QUIET.

     The config_found_sm() function returns a pointer to the attached device's
     softc structure if the device is attached, NULL otherwise.	 Most callers
     can ignore this value, since the system will already have printed a

     The config_found() macro expands to config_found_sm(parent, aux, print,
     submatch) with submatch set to NULL and is provided for compatibility
     with older drivers.

     The config_rootfound() function performs the same operation on the root
     device identified by the rootname string.

     struct device *
     config_attach(struct device *parent, void *cf, void *aux, cfprint_t

     config_detach(struct device *dev, int flags);

     The config_attach() function attaches a found device.  Memory is
     allocated for the softc structure and the driver's attach function is
     called according to the configuration table.  If successful,
     config_attach() returns the softc.	 If unsuccessful, it returns NULL.

     The config_detach() function is called by the parent to detach the child
     device.  The second argument flags contains detachment flags:

     #define DETACH_FORCE    0x01    /* Force detachment; hardware gone */
     #define DETACH_QUIET    0x02    /* Don't print a notice */

     The config_detach() function returns zero if successful and an error code
     otherwise.	 config_detach() is always called from process context,
     allowing tsleep(9) to be called while the device detaches itself (to deal
     with processes which have a device open).

     config_activate(struct device *dev);

     config_deactivate(struct device *dev);

     The config_activate() function is called by the parent to activate the
     child device dev.	It is called to activate resources and initialise
     other kernel subsystems (such as the network subsystem).
     config_activate() is called from interrupt context after the device has
     been attached.

     The config_deactivate() function is called by the parent to deactivate
     the child device dev.  config_deactivate() is called from interrupt
     context to immediately relinquish resources and notify dependent kernel
     subsystems that the device is about to be detached.  At some later point,
     config_detach() will be called to finalise the removal of the device.

     config_defer(struct device *dev, void (*func)(struct device *));

     The config_defer() function is called by the child to defer the remainder
     of its configuration until all its parent's devices have been attached.
     At this point, the function func is called with the argument dev.

     The autoconfiguration framework itself is implemented within the file
     sys/kern/subr_autoconf.c.	Data structures and function prototypes for
     the framework are located in sys/sys/device.h.

     autoconf(4), files.conf(5), config(8)

     Autoconfiguration first appeared in 4.1BSD.  The autoconfiguration
     framework was completely revised in 4.4BSD.  The detach and
     activate/deactivate interfaces appeared in NetBSD 1.5.

OpenBSD 4.9			 June 26, 2008			   OpenBSD 4.9

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