COL(1) BSD General Commands Manual COL(1)NAMEcol — filter reverse line feeds from input
SYNOPSIScol [-bfx] [-l num]
Col filters out reverse (and half reverse) line feeds so that the output
is in the correct order with only forward and half forward line feeds,
and replaces white-space characters with tabs where possible. This can
be useful in processing the output of nroff(1) and tbl(1).
Col reads from the standard input and writes to the standard output.
The options are as follows:
-b Do not output any backspaces, printing only the last character
written to each column position.
-f Forward half line feeds are permitted (``fine'' mode). Nor‐
mally characters printed on a half line boundary are printed on
the following line.
-x Output multiple spaces instead of tabs.
-l num Buffer at least num lines in memory. By default, 128 lines are
The control sequences for carriage motion that col understands and their
decimal values are listed in the following table:
ESC-7 reverse line feed (escape then 7)
ESC-8 half reverse line feed (escape then 8)
ESC-9 half forward line feed (escape then 9)
backspace moves back one column (8); ignored in the first column
carriage return (13)
newline forward line feed (10); also does carriage return
shift in shift to normal character set (15)
shift out shift to alternate character set (14)
space moves forward one column (32)
tab moves forward to next tab stop (9)
vertical tab reverse line feed (11)
All unrecognized control characters and escape sequences are discarded.
Col keeps track of the character set as characters are read and makes
sure the character set is correct when they are output.
If the input attempts to back up to the last flushed line, col will dis‐
play a warning message.
SEE ALSOexpand(1), nroff(1), tbl(1)HISTORY
A col command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.
BSD June 29, 1993 BSD