COM_ERR(3)COM_ERR(3)NAMEcom_err - common error display routine
void com_err (whoami, code, format, ...);
const char *whoami;
const char *format;
proc = set_com_err_hook (proc);
void (* proc ) (const char *, long, const char *, va_list);
proc = reset_com_err_hook ();
void initialize_XXXX_error_table ();
Com_err displays an error message on the standard error stream stderr
(see stdio(3S)) composed of the whoami string, which should specify the
program name or some subportion of a program, followed by an error mes‐
sage generated from the code value (derived from compile_et(1)), and a
string produced using the format string and any following arguments, in
the same style as fprintf(3).
The behavior of com_err can be modified using set_com_err_hook; this
defines a procedure which is called with the arguments passed to
com_err, instead of the default internal procedure which sends the for‐
matted text to error output. Thus the error messages from a program
can all easily be diverted to another form of diagnostic logging, such
as syslog(3). Reset_com_err_hook may be used to restore the behavior
of com_err to its default form. Both procedures return the previous
``hook'' value. These ``hook'' procedures must have the declaration
given for proc above in the synopsis.
The initialize_XXXX_error_table routine is generated mechanically by
compile_et(1) from a source file containing names and associated
strings. Each table has a name of up to four characters, which is used
in place of the XXXX in the name of the routine. These routines should
be called before any of the corresponding error codes are used, so that
the com_err library will recognize error codes from these tables when
they are used.
The com_err.h header file should be included in any source file that
uses routines from the com_err library; executable files must be linked
using ``-lcom_err'' in order to cause the com_err library to be
compile_et (1), syslog (3).
Ken Raeburn, "A Common Error Description Library for UNIX".
SIPB 22 Nov 1988 COM_ERR(3)