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comp(1mh)							     comp(1mh)

       comp - compose a message

       comp [ msg ] [ +folder ] [ options ]

       Use  to	create	a new message for mailing.  When you run it provides a
       message template for you to fill in and invokes an editor so  that  you
       can complete the message.

       The  command  normally creates the new message in your draft folder, if
       you have one set up, or in the file if you do not have a	 draft	folder
       set  up.	  If  you wish to use an existing message as the basis of your
       new draft message, you can use  the  msg	 or  +folder  arguments.   The
       +folder	argument  takes the current message in the named folder as the
       basis of the new draft message.	The msg argument takes the named  mes‐
       sage  from  your draft folder, or if you do not have a draft folder set
       up, from your current folder.  In both cases, the mail system asks  you
       what  you want to do with the existing message.	You cannot use the msg
       and +folder arguments together.

       A mail message consists of a mail header and the body of	 the  message.
       The  mail  header  contains  all the information that determines who is
       going to receive the mail message.  It can  also	 give  the  recipients
       some  information  about	 the  sender.	The body of the message is the
       actual text of the message that you want to send.  The header is	 sepa‐
       rated from the body of the text by a blank line or by a line of dashes.
       The header must be separated from the body of the message in  this  way
       for the message to be identified properly when it is sent; see

       The standard message header looks like this:

       You  can specify an alternative mail header by setting up a file called
       in your Mail directory.	This is	 used  instead	of  the	 default  mail
       header by

       If  you	do not have a draft folder set up, creates your new draft in a
       file called in your Mail directory.  This file must be empty before you
       can  create  a new draft, which means that you can only store one draft
       at a time.  If it is not empty, the mail system will ask you  what  you
       want to do with the existing contents.  The options are:

       quit	 Aborts leaving the draft intact.

       replace	 Replaces  the	existing  draft	 with  the appropriate message

       use	 Allows you to edit the existing draft.

       list	 Displays the draft message.

       refile	 Refiles the existing draft message in the  specified  folder,
		 and provides a new message form for you to complete.

       If  you	want  to  have more than one draft at a time, you can set up a
       draft folder in your This allows you to keep as many unsent  drafts  as
       space  allows,  and still create new messages as you wish.  To do this,
       make sure that the following line is in your
       Draft-folder: +drafts
       For more information on how to do this, see

       If you set up a draft folder, all draft messages are  created  in  that
       folder.	 If  you  decide  not to send the draft, by typing quit at the
       What now? prompt, the message is stored in the draft folder.   You  can
       then re-edit the message, or send it at a later date, by using the -use
       option to

       -draftfolder +folder
		 Specifies the folder in which the draft message  is  created.
		 If you do not send the draft, it is stored in this folder.

		 This  option  is usually set up in your See for more informa‐
		 tion.	If you have this option set up, you can override it by
		 using the -nodraftfolder option.

       -draftmessage file
		 Specifies the name of a file in which a draft message is cre‐
		 ated.	If no absolute pathname is given, this file is assumed
		 to  be	 in  your Mail directory.  If the file already exists,
		 the mail system will ask you what you want  to	 do  with  its
		 contents before the draft message is created.

		 If  the  named	 file  does  not contain a message header, the
		 -draftmessage option does not create one.   If	 you  want  to
		 create a message in an empty file, use the -file option.  You
		 cannot use -draftmessage to specify  a	 file  name  with  the
		 -draftfolder option.

       -editor editor-name
		 Specifies  the	 editor used to create the draft message.  The
		 default editor is see You can	specify	 any  approved	ULTRIX
		 editor as an alternative.

		 If  you  regularly use the same editor, you can specify it in
		 the Editor: line of your The following entry sets up  as  the
		 editor you use to compose mail messages:
		 Editor: /usr/ucb/vi

       -file filename
		 Uses  the  named  file to create the draft message in.	 If no
		 absolute pathname is given, the file is assumed to be in your
		 Mail  directory.  If the file already exists, the mail system
		 will ask you what you want to do with its contents before the
		 draft is created.

		 Unlike	 the  -draftmessage option, this option creates a mes‐
		 sage header for a new draft.  This means that you can	create
		 a draft in an empty file and send it successfully.

       -form form-file
		 Specifies  an	alternative  mail  header for your draft.  The
		 named form-file contains a message header, which uses when it
		 creates the draft message.  If no absolute pathname is given,
		 it is assumed that the file is in your Mail directory.

		 If you do not specify the -form  option,  takes  the  message
		 header from the file in your Mail directory, or, if this does
		 not exist, it uses the system default header.

		 You cannot use the -form option with either a	+folder	 or  a
		 msgs argument.

       -help	 Prints a list of the valid options for this command.

       -noedit	 Creates  a  draft without invoking an editor.	You are placed
		 immediately at the What now? prompt, without being given  the
		 opportunity  to  edit	the draft at all.  This option is only
		 useful if you are sending an existing draft  using  the  -use
		 option to Otherwise it will produce a draft with no addresses
		 and no content.

       -nouse	 Uses an existing draft as the new draft message.  If you have
		 saved	a  previous  unsent draft in a drafts folder or in the
		 file, you can edit and send it using the  -use	 option.   The
		 previous  draft is displayed on your screen and the editor is
		 invoked to allow you to edit the draft.  When you  exit  from
		 the  editor,  you  receive  the What now? prompt in the usual

		 If you have a draft folder set up, or specify	one  with  the
		 -draftfolder  option,	the  mail  system will use the current
		 draft in that folder as the new draft message.	 If you do not
		 have  a  draft	 folder, it will use the contents of the file.
		 If you do not want to use the current message	in  a  folder,
		 you  can supply a message number.  You can also use a message
		 in a file by giving the file name  using  the	-file  or  the
		 -draftmessage options.

		 If you want to send an existing draft without editing it fur‐
		 ther, you can supply the -use option in conjunction with  the
		 -noedit  option.  This will place you at the What now? prompt
		 without invoking an editor.

       -whatnowproc program
		 Specifies an  alternative  program.   Normally,  invokes  the
		 default  program.  See for a discussion of available options.
		 You can specify your own alternative to the  default  program
		 using	the  -whatnowproc  program  option.  If you do specify
		 your own program, you should not call it

		 You can suppress the program entirely by using	 the  -nowhat‐
		 nowproc  option.  However, as the program normally starts the
		 initial edit, the -nowhatnowproc option will prevent you from
		 editing the message.

       The defaults for are:

	      +foldername defaults to the current folder
	      msg defaults to the current message

Profile Components
       Path:	       To determine your Mail directory
       Draft-Folder:   To find the default draft folder
       Editor:	       To override the default editor
       Msg-Protect:    To set mode when creating a new message (draft)
       fileproc:       Program to refile the message
       whatnowproc:    Program to ask the “What now?” questions

       The default system template for draft messages.

       The user-supplied alternative to the default draft template.

       Your user profile.

       The draft file.

See Also
       dist(1mh),   forw(1mh),	 prompter(1mh),	 repl(1mh),  send(1mh),	 what‐
       now(1mh), mh_profile(5mh)


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