COS(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual COS(3P)PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
not be implemented on Linux.
cos, cosf, cosl - cosine function
double cos(double x);
float cosf(float x);
long double cosl(long double x);
These functions shall compute the cosine of their argument x, measured
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno
to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these
functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID
| FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the cosine of
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0, the value 1.0 shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if sup‐
ported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.
These functions shall fail if:
The x argument is ±Inf.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero,
then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression
(math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid
floating-point exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
Taking the Cosine of a 45-Degree Angle
double radians = 45 * M_PI / 180;
result = cos(radians);
These functions may lose accuracy when their argument is near an odd
multiple of pi/2 or is far from 0.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and
(math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but
at least one of them must be non-zero.
SEE ALSOacos(), feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), isnan(), sin(), tan(), the
Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treat‐
ment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2003 COS(3P)