COSH(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual COSH(3P)PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
not be implemented on Linux.
cosh, coshf, coshl — hyperbolic cosine functions
double cosh(double x);
float coshf(float x);
long double coshl(long double x);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the
ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here
and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008
defers to the ISO C standard.
These functions shall compute the hyperbolic cosine of their argument
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno
to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these
functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID |
FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the hyperbolic
cosine of x.
If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur
and cosh(), coshf(), and coshl() shall return the value of the macro
HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, and HUGE_VALL, respectively.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±0, the value 1.0 shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf, +Inf shall be returned.
These functions shall fail if:
Range Error The result would cause an overflow.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO)
is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the
integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is
non-zero, then the overflow floating-point exception shall
The following sections are informative.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and
(math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but
at least one of them must be non-zero.
For IEEE Std 754‐1985 double, 710.5 < |x| implies that cosh(x) has
SEE ALSOacosh(), feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), isnan(), sinh(), tanh()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 4.19, Treatment of
Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
cal and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is
POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
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IEEE/The Open Group 2013 COSH(3P)