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CREATE VIEW()			 SQL Commands			 CREATE VIEW()

NAME
       CREATE VIEW - define a new view

SYNOPSIS
       CREATE [ OR REPLACE ] [ TEMP | TEMPORARY ] VIEW name [ ( column_name [, ...] ) ]
	   AS query

DESCRIPTION
       CREATE VIEW defines a view of a query. The view is not physically mate‐
       rialized. Instead, the query is run every time the view	is  referenced
       in a query.

       CREATE  OR  REPLACE  VIEW  is  similar,	but if a view of the same name
       already exists, it is replaced. You can only replace a view with a  new
       query  that  generates  the identical set of columns (i.e., same column
       names and data types).

       If a schema name is given (for  example,	 CREATE	 VIEW  myschema.myview
       ...)  then the view is created in the specified schema. Otherwise it is
       created in the current schema.  Temporary  views	 exist	in  a  special
       schema,	so  a  schema  name may not be given when creating a temporary
       view. The name of the view must be distinct from the name of any	 other
       view, table, sequence, or index in the same schema.

PARAMETERS
       TEMPORARY or TEMP
	      If  specified,  the view is created as a temporary view.	Tempo‐
	      rary views are automatically dropped at the end of  the  current
	      session. Existing permanent relations with the same name are not
	      visible to the current session while the temporary view  exists,
	      unless they are referenced with schema-qualified names.

	      If  any  of the tables referenced by the view are temporary, the
	      view is created as a temporary view (whether TEMPORARY is speci‐
	      fied or not).

       name   The name (optionally schema-qualified) of a view to be created.

       column_name
	      An  optional  list  of names to be used for columns of the view.
	      If not given, the column names are deduced from the query.

       query  A query (that is, a SELECT statement)  which  will  provide  the
	      columns and rows of the view.

	      Refer  to	 SELECT	 [select(7)]  for more information about valid
	      queries.

NOTES
       Currently, views are read only: the system will not  allow  an  insert,
       update,	or  delete  on	a view. You can get the effect of an updatable
       view by creating rules that rewrite inserts,  etc.  on  the  view  into
       appropriate  actions  on	 other tables. For more information see CREATE
       RULE [create_rule(7)].

       Use the DROP VIEW [drop_view(7)] statement to drop views.

       Be careful that the names and types  of	the  view's  columns  will  be
       assigned the way you want. For example,

       CREATE VIEW vista AS SELECT 'Hello World';

       is  bad form in two ways: the column name defaults to ?column?, and the
       column data type defaults to unknown. If you want a string literal in a
       view's result, use something like

       CREATE VIEW vista AS SELECT text 'Hello World' AS hello;

       Access to tables referenced in the view is determined by permissions of
       the view owner. However, functions called in the view are  treated  the
       same as if they had been called directly from the query using the view.
       Therefore the user of a view must have permissions to  call  all	 func‐
       tions used by the view.

EXAMPLES
       Create a view consisting of all comedy films:

       CREATE VIEW comedies AS
	   SELECT *
	   FROM films
	   WHERE kind = 'Comedy';

COMPATIBILITY
       The  SQL standard specifies some additional capabilities for the CREATE
       VIEW statement:

       CREATE VIEW name [ ( column_name [, ...] ) ]
	   AS query
	   [ WITH [ CASCADED | LOCAL ] CHECK OPTION ]

       The optional clauses for the full SQL command are:

       CHECK OPTION
	      This option has to do  with  updatable  views.  All  INSERT  and
	      UPDATE  commands on the view will be checked to ensure data sat‐
	      isfy the view-defining condition (that is, the new data would be
	      visible  through	the  view). If they do not, the update will be
	      rejected.

       LOCAL  Check for integrity on this view.

       CASCADED
	      Check for integrity on this view and on any dependent view. CAS‐
	      CADED is assumed if neither CASCADED nor LOCAL is specified.

       CREATE  OR  REPLACE VIEW is a PostgreSQL language extension.  So is the
       concept of a temporary view.

SEE ALSO
       DROP VIEW [drop_view(7)]

SQL - Language Statements	  2005-11-05			 CREATE VIEW()
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