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TZSET(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		      TZSET(3)

       tzset, tzname, timezone, daylight - initialize time conversion informa‐

       #include <time.h>

       void tzset (void);

       extern char *tzname[2];
       extern long timezone;
       extern int daylight;

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       tzset(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 1 || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _POSIX_SOURCE
       tzname: _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 1 || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _POSIX_SOURCE
       timezone: _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE
       daylight: _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE

       The tzset() function initializes the tzname variable from the TZ	 envi‐
       ronment	variable.   This function is automatically called by the other
       time conversion functions that depend on the timezone.  In a  System-V-
       like environment, it will also set the variables timezone (seconds West
       of UTC) and daylight (to 0 if this timezone does not have any  daylight
       saving  time  rules,  or	 to nonzero if there is a time during the year
       when daylight saving time applies).

       If the TZ variable does not appear in the environment, the tzname vari‐
       able  is	 initialized  with  the best approximation of local wall clock
       time, as specified by the tzfile(5)-format file localtime found in  the
       system	timezone   directory   (see  below).   (One  also  often  sees
       /etc/localtime used here, a symlink to the right	 file  in  the	system
       timezone directory.)

       If  the	TZ  variable  does  appear in the environment but its value is
       empty or its value cannot be interpreted using any of the formats spec‐
       ified below, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is used.

       The  value of TZ can be one of three formats.  The first format is used
       when there is no daylight saving time in the local timezone:

	      std offset

       The std string specifies the name of the timezone and must be three  or
       more  alphabetic characters.  The offset string immediately follows std
       and specifies the time value to be added to the local time to get Coor‐
       dinated	Universal  Time	 (UTC).	  The  offset is positive if the local
       timezone is west of the Prime Meridian and negative if it is east.  The
       hour must be between 0 and 24, and the minutes and seconds 0 and 59.

       The second format is used when there is daylight saving time:

	      std offset dst [offset],start[/time],end[/time]

       There  are  no spaces in the specification.  The initial std and offset
       specify the standard timezone, as described above.  The dst string  and
       offset  specify the name and offset for the corresponding daylight sav‐
       ing timezone.  If the offset is omitted, it default to one  hour	 ahead
       of standard time.

       The  start  field  specifies when daylight saving time goes into effect
       and the end field specifies when the change is made  back  to  standard
       time.  These fields may have the following formats:

       Jn     This  specifies  the  Julian day with n between 1 and 365.  Leap
	      days are not counted.  In this format, February 29 can't be rep‐
	      resented; February 28 is day 59, and March 1 is always day 60.

       n      This  specifies  the  zero-based Julian day with n between 0 and
	      365.  February 29 is counted in leap years.

       Mm.w.d This specifies day d (0 <= d <= 6) of week w (1 <= w  <=	5)  of
	      month m (1 <= m <= 12).  Week 1 is the first week in which day d
	      occurs and week 5 is the last week in which day d occurs.	 Day 0
	      is a Sunday.

       The  time  fields  specify when, in the local time currently in effect,
       the change to the other	time  occurs.	If  omitted,  the  default  is

       Here  is	 an example for New Zealand, where the standard time (NZST) is
       12 hours ahead of UTC, and daylight saving time (NZDT), 13 hours	 ahead
       of  UTC,	 runs  from the first Sunday in October to the third Sunday in
       March, and the changeovers happen at the default time of 02:00:00:


       The third format specifies that the timezone information should be read
       from a file:


       If the file specification filespec is omitted, the timezone information
       is read from the file localtime in the system timezone directory, which
       nowadays	 usually  is  /usr/share/zoneinfo.   This file is in tzfile(5)
       format.	If filespec is given, it  specifies  another  tzfile(5)-format
       file to read the timezone information from.  If filespec does not begin
       with a '/', the file specification is relative to the  system  timezone

       Here's an example, once more for New Zealand:


       The  system  timezone  directory	 used  depends on the (g)libc version.
       Libc4 and libc5 use /usr/lib/zoneinfo, and, since libc-5.4.6, when this
       doesn't	work, will try /usr/share/zoneinfo.  Glibc2 will use the envi‐
       ronment variable TZDIR, when that exists.  Its default depends  on  how
       it was installed, but normally is /usr/share/zoneinfo.

       This timezone directory contains the files
       localtime      local timezone file
       posixrules     rules for POSIX-style TZ's

       Often  /etc/localtime is a symlink to the file localtime or to the cor‐
       rect timezone file in the system timezone directory.

       SVr4, POSIX.1-2001, 4.3BSD.

       Note that the variable daylight does not indicate that daylight	saving
       time  applies  right now.  It used to give the number of some algorithm
       (see the variable tz_dsttime in gettimeofday(2)).  It has been obsolete
       for many years but is required by SUSv2.

       4.3BSD  had a function char *timezone(zone, dst) that returned the name
       of the timezone corresponding to its first argument  (minutes  West  of
       UTC).  If the second argument was 0, the standard name was used, other‐
       wise the daylight saving time version.

       date(1), gettimeofday(2), time(2), ctime(3), getenv(3), tzfile(5)

       This page is part of release 3.54 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at

				  2012-03-25			      TZSET(3)

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