dir man page on ElementaryOS

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DIR(1)				 User Commands				DIR(1)

       dir - list directory contents

       dir [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       List  information  about	 the FILEs (the current directory by default).
       Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort  is	speci‐

       Mandatory  arguments  to	 long  options are mandatory for short options

       -a, --all
	      do not ignore entries starting with .

       -A, --almost-all
	      do not list implied . and ..

	      with -l, print the author of each file

       -b, --escape
	      print C-style escapes for nongraphic characters

	      scale   sizes   by   SIZE	  before   printing    them.	 E.g.,
	      '--block-size=M'	prints sizes in units of 1,048,576 bytes.  See
	      SIZE format below.

       -B, --ignore-backups
	      do not list implied entries ending with ~

       -c     with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last modification of
	      file  status  information)  with -l: show ctime and sort by name
	      otherwise: sort by ctime, newest first

       -C     list entries by columns

	      colorize the output.   WHEN  defaults  to	 'always'  or  can  be
	      'never' or 'auto'.  More info below

       -d, --directory
	      list  directory entries instead of contents, and do not derefer‐
	      ence symbolic links

       -D, --dired
	      generate output designed for Emacs' dired mode

       -f     do not sort, enable -aU, disable -ls --color

       -F, --classify
	      append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries

	      likewise, except do not append '*'

	      across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l, single-column  -1,
	      verbose -l, vertical -C

	      like -l --time-style=full-iso

       -g     like -l, but do not list owner

	      group directories before files.

	      augment  with  a	--sort option, but any use of --sort=none (-U)
	      disables grouping

       -G, --no-group
	      in a long listing, don't print group names

       -h, --human-readable
	      with -l, print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)

       --si   likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

       -H, --dereference-command-line
	      follow symbolic links listed on the command line

	      follow each command line symbolic link that points to  a	direc‐

	      do  not  list implied entries matching shell PATTERN (overridden
	      by -a or -A)

	      append indicator with style WORD to entry names: none (default),
	      slash (-p), file-type (--file-type), classify (-F)

       -i, --inode
	      print the index number of each file

       -I, --ignore=PATTERN
	      do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN

       -k, --kibibytes
	      use 1024-byte blocks

       -l     use a long listing format

       -L, --dereference
	      when showing file information for a symbolic link, show informa‐
	      tion for the file the link references rather than for  the  link

       -m     fill width with a comma separated list of entries

       -n, --numeric-uid-gid
	      like -l, but list numeric user and group IDs

       -N, --literal
	      print  raw entry names (don't treat e.g. control characters spe‐

       -o     like -l, but do not list group information

       -p, --indicator-style=slash
	      append / indicator to directories

       -q, --hide-control-chars
	      print ? instead of non graphic characters

	      show non graphic characters as-is	 (default  unless  program  is
	      'ls' and output is a terminal)

       -Q, --quote-name
	      enclose entry names in double quotes

	      use  quoting style WORD for entry names: literal, locale, shell,
	      shell-always, c, escape

       -r, --reverse
	      reverse order while sorting

       -R, --recursive
	      list subdirectories recursively

       -s, --size
	      print the allocated size of each file, in blocks

       -S     sort by file size

	      sort by WORD instead of name: none -U, extension	-X,  size  -S,
	      time -t, version -v

	      with  -l,	 show time as WORD instead of modification time: atime
	      -u, access -u, use -u, ctime -c, or  status  -c;	use  specified
	      time as sort key if --sort=time

	      with  -l, show times using style STYLE: full-iso, long-iso, iso,
	      locale, +FORMAT.	FORMAT is interpreted like 'date';  if	FORMAT
	      is  FORMAT1<newline>FORMAT2, FORMAT1 applies to non-recent files
	      and FORMAT2 to recent files; if STYLE is prefixed with 'posix-',
	      STYLE takes effect only outside the POSIX locale

       -t     sort by modification time, newest first

       -T, --tabsize=COLS
	      assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8

       -u     with  -lt:  sort	by, and show, access time with -l: show access
	      time and sort by name otherwise: sort by access time

       -U     do not sort; list entries in directory order

       -v     natural sort of (version) numbers within text

       -w, --width=COLS
	      assume screen width instead of current value

       -x     list entries by lines instead of by columns

       -X     sort alphabetically by entry extension

       -Z, --context
	      print any SELinux security context of each file

       -1     list one file per line

       --help display this help and exit

	      output version information and exit

       SIZE is an integer and optional unit (example:  10M  is	10*1024*1024).
       Units  are K, M, G, T, P, E, Z, Y (powers of 1024) or KB, MB, ... (pow‐
       ers of 1000).

       Using color to distinguish file types is disabled both by  default  and
       with  --color=never.  With --color=auto, ls emits color codes only when
       standard output is connected to a terminal.  The LS_COLORS  environment
       variable can change the settings.  Use the dircolors command to set it.

   Exit status:
       0      if OK,

       1      if minor problems (e.g., cannot access subdirectory),

       2      if serious trouble (e.g., cannot access command-line argument).

       Written by Richard M. Stallman and David MacKenzie.

       Report dir bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
       Report dir translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

       Copyright  ©  2013  Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free  to	change	and  redistribute  it.
       There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

       The  full  documentation for dir is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
       the info and dir programs are properly installed at your site, the com‐

	      info coreutils 'dir invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.21		  March 2014				DIR(1)

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