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DU(1)			  BSD General Commands Manual			 DU(1)

NAME
     du — display disk usage statistics

SYNOPSIS
     du [-A] [-H | -L | -P] [-a | -s | -d depth | -t threshold] [-c] [-l]
	[-h | -k | -m | -B blocksize] [-n] [-x] [-I mask] [file ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The du utility displays the file system block usage for each file argu‐
     ment and for each directory in the file hierarchy rooted in each direc‐
     tory argument.  If no file is specified, the block usage of the hierarchy
     rooted in the current directory is displayed.

     The options are as follows:

     -A	     Display the apparent size instead of the disk usage.  This can be
	     helpful when operating on compressed volumes or sparse files.

     -B blocksize
	     Calculate block counts in blocksize byte blocks.  This is differ‐
	     ent from the -k, -m options or setting BLOCKSIZE and gives an
	     estimate of how much space the examined file hierachy would
	     require on a filesystem with the given blocksize.	Unless in -A
	     mode, blocksize is rounded up to the next multiple of 512.

     -H	     Symbolic links on the command line are followed, symbolic links
	     in file hierarchies are not followed.

     -L	     Symbolic links on the command line and in file hierarchies are
	     followed.

     -I mask
	     Ignore files and directories matching the specified mask.

     -P	     No symbolic links are followed.  This is the default.

     -a	     Display an entry for each file in a file hierarchy.

     -h	     "Human-readable" output.  Use unit suffixes: Byte, Kilobyte,
	     Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte and Petabyte.

     -r	     Generate messages about directories that cannot be read, files
	     that cannot be opened, and so on.	This is the default case.
	     This option exists solely for conformance with X/Open Portability
	     Guide Issue 4 (“XPG4”).

     -s	     Display an entry for each specified file.	(Equivalent to -d 0)

     -t threshold
	     Display only entries for which size exceeds threshold.  If
	     threshold is negative, display only entries for which size is
	     less than the absolute value of threshold.

     -d depth
	     Display an entry for all files and directories depth directories
	     deep.

     -c	     Display a grand total.

     -k	     Display block counts in 1024-byte (1-Kbyte) blocks.

     -l	     If a file has multiple hard links, count its size many times.
	     The default behavior of du is to count files with multiple hard
	     links only once.  When the -l option is specified, the hard link
	     checks are disabled, and these files are counted (and displayed)
	     as many times as they are found.

     -m	     Display block counts in 1048576-byte (1-Mbyte) blocks.

     -n	     Ignore files and directories with user “nodump” flag (UF_NODUMP)
	     set.

     -x	     File system mount points are not traversed.

     The du utility counts the storage used by symbolic links and not the
     files they reference unless the -H or -L option is specified.  If either
     the -H or -L options are specified, storage used by any symbolic links
     which are followed is not counted or displayed.

ENVIRONMENT
     BLOCKSIZE	If the environment variable BLOCKSIZE is set, and the -k, -m
		or -h options are not specified, the block counts will be dis‐
		played in units of that block size.  If BLOCKSIZE is not set,
		and the -k, -m or -h options are not specified, the block
		counts will be displayed in 512-byte blocks.

SEE ALSO
     df(1), chflags(2), fts(3), symlink(7), quot(8)

HISTORY
     A du command appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX.

BSD			       November 6, 2008				   BSD
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