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dxmail(1X)							    dxmail(1X)

NAME
       dxmail - DECwindows mail program

SYNOPSIS
       dxmail [ flags ]

FLAGS
       On color displays, specifies the color of highlighted folders. (Folders
       containing unread messages are highlighted.) This overrides the	system
       default	defined	 in the Session Manager's Customize Window dialog box.
       On color displays, specifies the	 color	of  the	 window's  background.
       This overrides the system default defined in the Session Manager's Cus‐
       tomize Window dialog box.  Specifies the width (in pixels) of the  win‐
       dow's  border.	For debug purposes only.  Specifies the display screen
       where dxmail displays its window.  If the display option is not	speci‐
       fied, dxmail uses the display screen specified by your DISPLAY environ‐
       ment variable.  The display  option  has	 the  format  hostname:number.
       Using two colons (::) instead of one (:) indicates that DECnet is to be
       used for transport.  The default is  :0.	  For  more  information,  see
       X(1X).	Specifies  the	color  of  the text. This overrides the system
       default defined in the Session Manager's Customize Window  dialog  box.
       Specifies  the  font used as the output font.  Any fixed-width font can
       be used.	 The default is 6x13.  Specifies the name that is  to  replace
       the  program  name.   Reverses  the  default color values (for example,
       black becomes white and white  becomes  black).	 The  default  is  On.
       Specifies the title to be listed in the main window's title bar.

DESCRIPTION
       The  dxmail command provides a window-oriented interface to the mh Mail
       Handler.	 The mh Mail Handler software must be installed on your system
       before you can use dxmail.

       When  dxmail  starts,  it  checks  in  your home directory for the file
       .mh_profile.  If the file is there, dxmail reads and uses the  configu‐
       ration  information  that the file contains.  If the file is not there,
       dxmail creates it and includes the minimum required default values.

MAIN WINDOW
       At startup, the dxmail main window is displayed. It consists  of	 seven
       areas:  Displays window manager icons that allow you to move and resize
       the dxmail window and to shrink it to an icon.  For  more  information,
       see  mwm(1X).   Lists  the available dxmail menus (for example, File or
       Edit). See the section ``Menu Bar,'' below.  Lists your	current	 fold‐
       ers.   By  default, dxmail puts your incoming mail in the inbox folder.
       When you receive new mail, dxmail  draws	 a  border  around  the	 inbox
       folder.	 Drafts of messages can be saved in the drafts folder and mes‐
       sages to be deleted can be placed in the wastebasket folder.  To select
       a folder, click on the appropriate folder button.  When a folder button
       is selected, dxmail highlights that button.  To view the contents of  a
       folder,	double-click  on the appropriate folder button.	 Contains but‐
       tons that execute the general dxmail commands (for example, New mail or
       Create-Send).  See  the section ``Global Commands Pane,'' below.	 Lists
       the name of the currently opened folder.	 Lists	the  messages  in  the
       currently  opened  folder.   Initially,	this window lists the messages
       contained in the inbox folder. See the section ``Message Index and Mes‐
       sage  Commands  Panes,'' below.	Contains buttons that execute the com‐
       monly used commands which affect the messages  listed  in  the  Message
       Index  Pane.  Dimmed  commands  are disabled. See the section ``Message
       Index and Message Commands Panes,'' below.

   Menu Bar
       The Main Window's Menu Bar provides access to both  commonly  and  less
       commonly	 used  commands. (Access to the more commonly used commands is
       made easier with	 the  Global  Commands	and  Message  Commands	Panes,
       described later in this reference page.) The Menu Bar contains the fol‐
       lowing menus:

       File Edit Pick Create-Send Read Maintenance Customize Help

       File Menu Moves the message to the selected  folder.   However,	dxmail
       does  not  remove  the message from the original folder until you close
       and reopen the folder, select the Commit Changes menu item  or  double-
       click  on  the  folder name.  If the selected folder is the same as the
       viewed folder, this command just beeps.	Copies the  selected  messages
       to  the	selected  folder.   Creates  a file from the selected message.
       Prints the selected messages.  Opens  the  currently  selected  folder.
       Opens the currently selected folder in a new main window.  Incorporates
       new mail into your inbox folder.	 Closes the main  dxmail  window.   If
       the  main  window  being	 closed	 is the only main dxmail window on the
       screen, invoking this menu item exits dxmail.

       Edit Menu Places the selected messages in the  wastebasket  folder  for
       deletion; if no messages are currently selected, this item is disabled.
       However, dxmail does not remove the messages from  the  current	folder
       until  you  close  and  reopen  the  original folder, select the Commit
       Changes menu item, or double-click on the folder name.	You  can  move
       the  messages  back  to	their  original folder by selecting the ``Undo
       move/delete'' menu item.	 Undoes any move or delete operations for  the
       selected	 messages; if no messages are currently selected, this item is
       disabled. Once you commit changes to messages by reopening the  folder,
       selecting  the  Commit  Changes	menu  item,  or double-clicking on the
       folder name, you cannot undo the changes.  Copies a  mail  message  (or
       part  of	 one)  to  a clipboard, for example, a Create-Send Window.  To
       perform this operation, open the message you want  to  copy,  mark  the
       beginning  of  the  block of text by clicking on it with MB1, then drag
       the end to the end of the block of text.	 Select Copy to Clipboard from
       the  Edit  menu,	 then  place the pointer in the clipboard (window) and
       press MB2.  Selects all messages from the Message Index pane.

       Pick Menu

       The Pick menu lets you select, define, and manipulate  groups  of  mes‐
       sages.  Groups of messages, called sequences, further organize messages
       within a folder.	 For example, you can create sequences that consist of
       all  of	the messages that meet some common criterion (such as those to
       or from a certain person, received on  a certain date, pertaining to  a
       certain subject, or containing a specific word).

       Message	sequences  and their names are specific to folders; therefore,
       the same sequence name can exist in multiple folders.   In each folder,
       all  messages  belong  to  a  predefined sequence called all.  Only one
       sequence can be displayed at a time; its name is	 next  to  the	folder
       name  in the title bar above the message list,  When you view messages,
       the next and  previous messages are defined in relation to the  current
       sequence.

       The  Pick  menu	contains the following items: Displays the Pick dialog
       box, which lets you specify  criteria for selecting messages  from  any
       folder  and  creating  a	 new  sequence.	 Displays the Pick dialog box,
       which lets you specify  criteria for selecting messages from  the  cur‐
       rent  folder and creating a new sequence.  Lets you specify the name of
       a new sequence. The  sequence  does  not	 contain  messages  until  you
       explicitly  add	some.  The sequence name must begin with an alphabetic
       character and should not contain any non-alphanumeric characters	 (such
       as  punctuation	marks).	  Displays  the last specified sequence or one
       that you select from the submenu.  This	item  is  disabled  until  the
       folder  contains sequences other than all.  Adds selected messages to a
       sequence that you select from the submenu.  This item is disabled until
       the  folder  contains  sequences other than all.	 Removes selected mes‐
       sages from a sequence that you select from the submenu.	This  item  is
       disabled until the folder contains sequences other than all.  Removes a
       sequence that you select from the submenu.  The messages themselves are
       not deleted; they are still part of the folder's all sequence,

       Create-Send Menu

       The  Create-Send	 menu contains the following items: Displays a Create-
       Send Window that allows you to compose a	 new  message.	 Displays  the
       File  Selection	dialog	box, which lets you send an existing file as a
       mail message.  Once the File Selection dialog box is dismissed,	dxmail
       displays a Create-Send Window whose body is the specified file.

	      To send a DDIF or DTIF file, use the Create-Send menu option and
	      select the File option. (DDIF or DTIF files are displayed graph‐
	      ically  and can not be edited.)  Creates a Create-Send Window in
	      reply to the first selected message.  Creates a Create-Send Win‐
	      dow  that	 contains the contents of the selected message or mes‐
	      sages.  Creates a Create-Send Window that contains the  contents
	      of  the  selected message.  This menu item is often used to com‐
	      pose a new message with the contents  of	a  message  previously
	      saved in the drafts folder.

       Read Menu

       The  Read menu contains the following items: Displays the selected mes‐
       sage in a new Read Window, regardless of whether a default Read	Window
       is  already  displayed.	 Displays  the selected message in the default
       Read Window.  If a Read Window is not displayed, dxmail creates	a  new
       Read Window automatically.  You can also invoke this command by double-
       clicking on the envelope icon for the appropriate message.  Displays  a
       submenu	that  lets  you display the selected message in one of several
       already displayed Read Windows.	Checks to see  if  any	new  mail  has
       arrived.	 If new mail has arrived, dxmail incorporates the new mail and
       displays the first message in the automatically	created	 default  Read
       Window.	 If no new mail has arrived, dxmail displays a dialog box that
       says ``No new mail.''  The  dxmail  program  beeps  only	 if  you  have
       selected	 the  ``Beep  instead of putting up a No New Mail dialog box''
       option in Modify Mail Profile in the Customize Window.  The default  is
       no  beep.   Checks to see if any new mail has arrived.  If new mail has
       arrived, dxmail incorporates the new mail and displays the  first  mes‐
       sage  in	 a  new	 Read Window that is created automatically.  If no new
       mail has arrived, dxmail displays a dialog box that says "No new mail."
       The dxmail program beeps only if you have selected the "Beep instead of
       putting up a No New Mail dialog box" option in  the  Customize  Window.
       The default is no beep.

       Maintenance Menu

       The Maintenance menu contains the following items: Creates a new folder
       and displays a dialog  box  that	 prompts  for  the  new	 folder	 name.
       Deletes	the  messages previously placed in the wastebasket folder with
       the Delete command.  Deletes the selected folder and displays a Caution
       dialog  box that prompts for verification.  Opens a mail drawer to dis‐
       play the folders contained there.  Closes a mail drawer and  makes  the
       folders	contained  there  invisible.  Removes from the message list of
       the current folder any message that you previously marked to delete  or
       move.   When  you close and reopen a folder or double-click on a folder
       name, dxmail invokes this command automatically.	  Renumbers  the  mes‐
       sages  in  the  viewed folder starting from 1 and incrementing by 1 for
       each following message.	Sorts the messages in the folder into increas‐
       ing  order  by date.  Causes dxmail to check and make sure its informa‐
       tion about the folder is correct.  This command can be  useful  if  you
       have invoked mh commands directly from the command line while dxmail is
       running.	 Brings up a dialog box that allows you to  rename  a  folder.
       There  must  not already be a folder with the new name.	It is possible
       for a mail folder to get into a state in which the messages don't match
       the  numbers.  (This  could happen if dxmail and MH were run simultane‐
       ously.) This option will correct this state once dxmail is  exited  and
       restarted.

       Customize Menu

       The  Customize menu contains the following item: Displays the Customize
       dialog box, which lets you modify characteristics of dxmail.  The  cus‐
       tomize  options	are:  Skip  to next message upon deleting current one.
       Skip to next message upon moving current	 one.	Commit	changes	 in  a
       folder upon closing it.	Renumber messages in a folder after every com‐
       mit.  Put deleted messages into wastebasket instead of deleting immedi‐
       ately.	Incorporate  new  messages when invoking Show Unopened Buttons
       Affect the current message if no messages are selected.	 Beep  instead
       of putting up a No New Mail dialog box.

   Global Commands Pane
       Global  Command	buttons	 displayed in the dxmail window are: Checks to
       see if any new mail has arrived.	 If new mail has arrived, dxmail  adds
       the  new mail to the inbox folder and displays the first message in the
       default Read Window.  If the default Read Window does not exist, dxmail
       creates one automatically.  If no new mail has arrived, dxmail displays
       a dialog box that says ``No new mail.'' The dxmail program  beeps  only
       if  you	have  selected	the ``Beep instead of putting up a No New Mail
       Dialog Box'' option in the Customize window. The default is no beep.

	      When a PostScript, DDIF, or DTIF message is read, you are	 given
	      the  option  of displaying it as a graphic. If you choose not to
	      read a PostScript message as a graphic, it is displayed as ASCII
	      text.  If	 you  choose  not  to  read  a	DDIF or DTIF file as a
	      graphic, it is displayed as  compressed  uuencoded  ASCII	 text.
	      Displays	a  Create-Send Window that allows you to compose a new
	      message.

	      You can use Create-Send to send a PostScript file. When the Cre‐
	      ate-Send Window appears, use the Include file... function of its
	      File pull-down menu to include the  PostScript  file  below  the
	      mail  header.   Removes  from  the  message  list of the current
	      folder any message that you previously marked to delete or move.
	      When  you	 close and reopen a folder or double-click on a folder
	      name, dxmail invokes this command automatically.	Causes	dxmail
	      to  check and make sure its information about the folder is cor‐
	      rect.  This command can be useful if you have  invoked  mh  com‐
	      mands  directly  from  the command line while dxmail is running.
	      (See also ``Invalidate cache on exit,'' above.)

   Message Index and Message Commands Panes
       These Panes are parts of the dxmail window as described	above  in  the
       section ``MAIN WINDOW,'' above.

       To  specify  the	 message or messages to be affected by commands in the
       Message Commands Pane or in one of  the	several	 dxmail	 menus,	 first
       select the message or messages in the Message Index Pane.

       Message Index Pane

       To  select a single message in the Message Index Pane, click MB1 (mouse
       button 1) on the message. To highlight a range  of  messages,  you  can
       follow one of two procedures: Place the pointer on the first message to
       be selected.  Press MB1.	 Drag the pointer to the last  message	to  be
       selected.  Release MB1.

       Or:  Place the pointer on the first message to be selected.  Click MB1.
       Place the pointer on the last message to be selected.   Hold  down  the
       Shift key and click MB1.

       To add a message to the current selection, follow this procedure: Place
       the pointer on the icon of the message to be included.  Hold the	 Shift
       key and click MB1.

       To  remove  messages from the current selection, follow this procedure:
       Place the pointer on the first message to be removed.  Hold  the	 Shift
       key and drag MB1 up or down.

       To  view	 the  contents	of a message listed in the Message Index Pane,
       place the pointer anywhere on the message  and  double-click  MB1.   he
       contents of the message are displayed in a Read Window.

       The selected messages are the same as the highlighted messages, if any.
       The current message is marked with a plus sign (+), except when	it  is
       open  in	 a  Read  menu (when it is marked with an open envelope).  The
       current message is the last message viewed in the default  Read	Window
       within the current folder.

       Message Commands Pane

       The Message Commands Pane contains command buttons that act on selected
       messages: Incorporates new mail into your inbox folder.	Creates a Cre‐
       ate-Send Window in reply to the first selected message.	Creates a Cre‐
       ate-Send Window whose body is initialized to be	the  contents  of  the
       selected	 messages.   Prints  the  selected messages, using lpr, to the
       default printer.	 Moves the message to the selected  folder.   However,
       dxmail  does  not remove the message from the original folder until you
       close and reopen the folder, select the Commit Changes  menu  item,  or
       double-click  on	 the  open folder name.	 For example, you can remove a
       message moved out of inbox by closing and  reopening  inbox,  selecting
       Commit Changes, or by double-clicking on inbox.	If the selected folder
       is the same as the viewed folder, this command  just  beeps.   You  can
       move  the  messages  back  to  the current folder by selecting the Undo
       move/delete menu item.  Places the selected messages in the wastebasket
       folder for deletion.  However, dxmail does not remove the selected mes‐
       sages from the current folder until you close and reopen	 the  original
       folder,	select	the  Commit  Changes menu item, or double-click on the
       folder name.  You can move the messages back to their  original	folder
       by selecting the Undo move/delete menu item.

READ WINDOWS
       Most  Read  Window  command buttons are the same as the Message Command
       Pane buttons of the same name.  However, the Read Window	 command  but‐
       tons  affect  the  viewed  message instead of the selected message, and
       there are three additional command buttons: Displays the message	 after
       the  message displayed currently.  Displays the message before the mes‐
       sage displayed currently.  Closes the Read Window.  Allows you to reply
       to the message displayed in the Read Window.  Allows you to forward the
       message displayed in the Read Window.  Allows you to print the  message
       displayed in the Read Window.  Allows you to move the message displayed
       in the Read Window to a mail folder.  Allows you to delete the  message
       displayed in the Read Window.

       Less  commonly  used functions are available only through the menu bar.
       The menu bar contains the following menus:

       File Edit Sequences Create-Send Read

   File Menu
       File menu items unique to the Read Window  are  as  follows:  Specifies
       that  the  current  Read Window is the default Read Window.  Closes the
       Read Window.

   Edit Menu
       Edit menu items unique to the Read Window are as follows:  Selects  all
       text  displayed	in the Read Window.  Specifies that the message in the
       Read Window can be modified.  Saves any changes	made  to  the  message
       displayed in the Read Window after invoking the Edit message menu item.

   Read Menu
       Displays	 the  next message selected from the main dxmail window in the
       current Read Window.  Displays the previous message selected  from  the
       main  dxmail window in the current Read Window.	Displays the next mes‐
       sage listed in the main dxmail window in the current Read Window.  Dis‐
       plays the previous message listed in the main dxmail window in the cur‐
       rent Read Window.

CREATE-SEND WINDOWS
       The buttons associated with Create-Send Windows are: Closes the Create-
       Send  Window  without  taking any further action.  If changes have been
       made, dxmail displays a Caution dialog box prompting  for  confirmation
       or  cancellation.   Clears  the Create-Send Window.  Invokes the editor
       specified in the resource file ~/dXMail.	 Saves the  message  contained
       in  the	Create-Send  Window in the drafts folder.  You can later view,
       edit, and send the message with the Use as  comp	 command.   Sends  the
       message	contained  in the Create-Send Window.  If any errors appear in
       the message header, dxmail displays a mail message containing this com‐
       position	 and  a	 description  of the error.  The Send command does not
       close the Create-Send Window.

       The menu bar in a Create-Send Window contains the following menus:

       File Edit

   File Menu
       Performs the same function as the Send button.  Performs the same func‐
       tion  as	 the Save button.  Copies a message to a file.	Inserts a file
       into the message.  Performs the same  function  as  the	Reset  button.
       Performs	 the  same  function  as the Close button.  Invokes the editor
       specified in the resource file ~/dxMail.

   Edit Menu
       Selects all text displayed in the Create-Send Window.

CONVERTING OLD MAIL FOLDERS
       If you have been using the mail(1) program to read your mail,  you  can
       convert	your  existing	folders into dxmail folders with the following
       command:

       inc +foldername -file filename Specifies the name that is  to  be  used
       for the dxmail folder.  Specifies the name of the existing mail folder.

       Note  that  you	must run inc to access mail if you have been using the
       Berkeley mail handler.  For more information, see inc(1).

MAIL ALIASES
       The dxmail command does not use your .mailrc file in your  home	direc‐
       tory.   Therefore,  dxmail  does not use the user mail aliases that you
       have defined in that file.  However, dxmail does make use of the global
       alias files that sendmail uses.

       To  define an alias file to be used with dxmail, follow this procedure:
       Create the Mail directory and a skeleton .mh_profile file  by  invoking
       dxmail.	This skeletal .mh_profile will contain the following line:

	      Path:  Mail Edit the .mh_profile file to add the following three
	      lines:

	      ali: -alias aliases send: -alias aliases	whom:  -alias  aliases
	      Create an alias file in your Mail directory with the name speci‐
	      fied in these lines.  In your alias file, add lines in the  fol‐
	      lowing format:

	      alias: person1, person2,....

       The  person  to	whom you assigned an alias can have another alias, and
       you can mix previously defined aliases and people  on  the  same	 line.
       However,	 because  the  file  is read from top to bottom, you must make
       sure that aliases used in other aliases have already  been  defined  in
       the file.

X DEFAULTS
       The dxmail application uses the values in the .Xdefaults file that were
       active when you logged in and uses the appropriate resource  specifica‐
       tion  to	 customize  the appearance or characteristics of its displayed
       dxmail window.  The format for a resource specification	in  the	 .Xde‐
       faults file is:

       [name*]resource:	  value	 Specifies  the	 application  name or the name
       string that restricts the resource assignment to that application or to
       a  component  of	 an application.  If you do not specify this argument,
       the resource assignment is globally available to	 all  X	 applications.
       Specifies  the resource.	 Specifies the value that is to be assigned to
       the resource.

       For more information, see X(1X).

       Because each toolkit-based application can consist of a combination  of
       widgets	(for example, push buttons and a scroll bar), you can form the
       name string by adding widget class and name identifiers to the  string.
       For  further  information  about adding class and name identifiers, see
       X(1X).

       For dxmail, the available class identifiers are:

       XmMainWindow    XmSeparatorGadget    XmPanedWindow     XmScrolledWindow
       XmDrawingArea  XmRowColumn Item XmScrollBar XmPushButton XmLabel XmForm
       XmFrame	XmBulletinBoard	 XmText	 XmSash	 XmCascadeButton   XmSeparator
       XmSash

       For dxmail, the available name identifiers are:

       mainWindow  workArea  folderArea	 innerFolderArea vScrollBar hScrollBar
       folderCommandBar readNewMail createSend	messagePane  messageForm  mes‐
       sageArea	 messageButtonsArea  messageButton  messageScroll innerMsgArea
       messageCommandBar menuBar sendWindow commandBar confirm createSend cus‐
       tomize ddifHeaders pick prompt read titlebar

       In  addition  to	 the  general resources listed in X(1X), the resources
       available for dxmail are: Specifies the initial geometry	 (window  size
       and  screen location) for the Create-Send Window.  For more information
       about the geometry specification	 and  screen  coordinate  system,  see
       X(1X).	Specifies  the	initial geometry (window size and screen loca‐
       tion) for the main dxmail window.  Specifies the initial geometry (win‐
       dow  size and screen location) for the Read Window.  Specifies the ini‐
       tial geometry (window size and screen location) for  the	 Pick  window.
       Specifies the command to be executed to print a message.	 (Standard out
       and standard error must be redirected explicitly.)  The default is:

	      lpr > /dev/null 2 > /dev/null

	      This command is used to print when the ``Entire Message'' option
	      is  selected.   It  is also used for printing when ``Body Only''
	      option is selected if the StrippedPrintCommand resource  is  not
	      specified.   Specifies  the command to be executed if the ``Body
	      Only'' option is selected under ``Print''.  It is also used  for
	      executing	 the  print  command when ``Entire Message'' option is
	      selected if the PrintCommand resource is not specified.

	      Each specification included  in  the  .Xdefaults	file  for  the
	      translations resource modifies a key setting for the editor that
	      dxmail uses.  For more information about key and mouse  specifi‐
	      cations in the .Xdefaults file, see X(1X).

RESTRICTIONS
       The  dxmail  application	 requires  Version  6 of mh.  If a line in the
       .mh_profile starts with Current-Folder, you have been using  Version  4
       or  earlier.   To  convert  to  Version	6, remove that line.  For more
       information, refer to mh(1).

       Sequence names and message lists together cannot	 exceed	 1024  charac‐
       ters.  In practice, this means that sequences can have a maximum of 200
       messages.

       When sending mail, the dashes under the Subject: line are required.

FILES
RELATED INFORMATION
       inc(1), mh(1), X(1X),

								    dxmail(1X)
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