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EFAX-GTK(1)							   EFAX-GTK(1)

       efax-gtk - GUI front end for efax program

       efax-gtk [options] [ file ]

       Options: [-rs]
	      -r  Start the program in receive standby mode

	      -s  Start the program hidden in the system tray

       Efax-gtk	 is  Copyright	(C)  Chris  Vine, 2001 - 2008.	It is released
       under the General Public License, version 2.

       efax-gtk is a GTK+ front end for the efax program.  It can be  used  to
       send  and receive faxes with a fax modem, and to view, print and manage
       faxes received.	It also provides a socket interface to provide a "vir‐
       tual  printer"  for sending faxes from word processors and similar pro‐
       grams, and can automatically e-mail a  received	fax  to	 a  designated

       The  efax-gtk  distribution  compiles and installs a patched version of
       efax-0.9a-001114, so you do not need to separately  build  and  install
       efax.   In  particular, the version of efax supplied with efax-gtk pro‐
       vides internationalization support, and resolves	 certain  difficulties
       with locales in the standard distribution.

       To  avoid  name	conflicts  the	patched	 versions of efax and efix are
       installed as efax-0.9a and efix-0.9a.  If you want to use the  standard
       distributions  of efax, delete efax-0.9a and efix-0.9a, and then make a
       symbolic link from efax to efax-0.9a and from efix to efix-0.9a so that
       efax-gtk	 can  find  them.  efax-0.9 or higher is recommended, although
       the program will work with older versions of efax  -  with  older  ver‐
       sions,  some  automatic configuration options will not be available and
       the different lock file semantics means that a binary and not UUCP lock
       file  will  be created, which may confuse some other programs trying to
       access the same serial port.

       Any files to be faxed must  be  in  postscript  format,	which  is  the
       generic	printer	 format	 for Unix/Linux systems.  The program will use
       ghostscript to convert these into the Group 3 fax format which the  fax
       modem will understand.

       A  file may be passed as an argument to the program, in which case that
       file will automatically appear in the "File to send" box when the  pro‐
       gram starts.

       The first time you use the program, you will be asked if you accept the
       terms of the General Public Licence, version 2.

   Sending faxes
       Before sending a fax, the name of the file to be sent must be specified
       in  the	"File  to  fax" box.  The file specified must be in postscript
       format, and will be converted by the program into  the  correct	tiffg3
       fax  format.   It  can be entered manually in the "Fax to send" box, or
       entered by means of the file selection dialog.  If the file comprises a
       single  postscript  file,  then you can find it by pressing the "Single
       File" button.  It can be more easily found with this dialog  if	it  is
       placed in the $HOME/faxout directory.

       Where  more  than  one file is specified in the "Fax to send" box, they
       will be sent as a single fax appended in the order in  which  they  are
       entered	in  the	 box.  Such multiple files can be more easily selected
       using the file list brought up by pressing the "Multiple Files" button.
       Pressing	 the  "Multiple	 Files"	 button	 enables files to be found and
       added to the file list, and they can be reordered by using  the	Up  or
       Down  arrow  buttons,  or by dragging and dropping with the mouse.  (If
       entering multiple files manually rather than by means of the  "Multiple
       Files" dialog, use a `,´ or a `;´ as the file name separator.)

       The telephone number to which the fax is to be sent is entered into the
       "Tel number" box.  This can be entered directly into  the  box,	or  by
       using  the  built-in  addressbook.   The	 addressbook can be invoked by
       pressing the "Tel number" button, or from the `File/Address book´ pull-
       down  menu item.	 See "Using the address book" further below.  However,
       if a telephone connection has already been established with the	remote
       fax  receiver,  then the fax can be sent without dialing by leaving the
       "Tel number" box blank (a dialog will come up asking if you would  like
       to send the fax without dialing - this does the same thing as `fax send
       -m ...´ using the efax `fax´ script from the command line).

       When a fax is received from the print system via the socket server, the
       program	settings can be configured to bring up a dialog automatically.
       If the program is inactive or is standing-by to receive faxes  the  fax
       can  be	sent  directly from this dialog without the need to invoke the
       list of queued faxes received from the socket.

       Successfully sent faxes are copied to a directory in the	 $HOME/faxsent
       directory, which has a name derived from the year, month, day, hour and
       seconds when the sending of the fax was completed, and will  appear  in
       the  faxes sent list.  They are only included in that list if they have
       been sent without error.	 The efax message display box will  report  on
       the  progress of a fax being sent.  The fax list can be brought up from
       the `File/List sent faxes´ pull down menu item.	 See  "Using  the  fax
       lists" further below.

       The  program  can  send	a  fax when it is in receive standby mode.  If
       sending a fax from receive standby mode, when the fax has been sent (or
       there  is  an  error  in	 sending  the fax), the program will return to
       receive standby mode.

       To make sending faxes from word processors easy,	 a  socket  server  is
       provided	 interfacing  directly	with  the print system.	 See below for
       further details.

       Ordinary ascii text files can be converted into postscript if  required
       using  a	 number	 of programs, of which probably the easiest to use are
       nenscript or GNU enscript (`man enscript´).

   Receiving faxes
       Three ways of receiving faxes are provided for.

       First, the program can be set to answer a fax call which is ringing but
       has not been answered, by pressing the "Answer call" button.

       Secondly,  the  program	can  take  over	 a call which has already been
       answered (say, by a telephone hand set)	by  pressing  the  "Take  over
       call" button.

       Thirdly,	 the  program  can  be	placed in standby mode by pressing the
       "Standby" button.  This will automatically answer any  call  after  the
       number  of rings specified in the efax-gtkrc file, and receive the fax.
       The program will keep on receiving faxes until  the  "Stop"  button  is
       pressed.	 A fax can also be sent when the program is in receive standby

       Received faxes in tiffg3 format (one file for each page) are placed  in
       a directory in the $HOME/faxin directory, which has a name derived from
       the year, month, day, hour and seconds when the relevant "Answer call",
       "Take  over  call"  or "Standby" button was pressed.  (Where in standby
       mode after a fax has been received, any further	fax  will  derive  its
       name  from the time when receipt of the last received fax has been com‐
       pleted and the program goes back into standby mode.)

       Received faxes can be printed, viewed, described and managed using  the
       built in fax list facility.  This can be brought up from the `File/List
       received faxes´ pull down menu item.  See "Using the fax lists" further

       When  a	fax is received, a pop-up dialog can also be set to appear (go
       to the Settings dialog to do this).

       In the settings dialog you can also specify a program  to  be  executed
       whenever	 a  fax is received.  The fax ID number is passed as the first
       (and only) argument to the program, which enables the program  to  find
       the  fax	 in  $HOME/faxin.   The	 distribution  contains two executable
       scripts, mail_fax and print_fax, which can be used to e-mail a fax to a
       user  or print a fax automatically when it is received.	(These scripts
       are not installed by `make install´ - if you want  to  use  them,  make
       them  executable	 with `chmod +x´ and copy them to a directory which is
       in the system path, such as /usr/local/bin, and then specify the script
       name in the settings dialog).

   Using the address book
       To  pick	 a telephone number from the address book, highlight the rele‐
       vant address by pressing the left mouse button over it, and then	 press
       the "OK" button.

       Addresses  can be added to the address book by pressing the add button,
       and then completing the relevant dialog which will appear.   To	delete
       an  address  from  the address book, highlight the relevant address and
       press the delete (trashcan) button.  The addressbook can be  sorted  by
       using the up and down arrow buttons on a highlighted address.

       Addresses are stored in file `$HOME/.efax-gtk_addressbook´.

   Using the fax lists
       To bring up the fax lists, go to the the `File´ menu and pick the `List
       received faxes´ or `List sent faxes´ menu item.	Highlight the  fax  to
       printed	or  viewed by pressing the left mouse button.  The programs to
       be used to print and view the fax are specifed in the  efax-gtkrc  con‐
       figuration file, or if none are specified, the program will print using
       lpr (which will work for most Unix systems) and view with gv.

       To print faxes, a PRINT_SHRINK parameter can be specifed in  efax-gtkrc
       to  enable the fax page to fit within the printer margins.  A parameter
       of 98 will work with most printers.  This can be changed while the pro‐
       gram  is	 running  by bringing up the `Settings´ dialog and entering it
       into the `Print/Print Shrink´ box.

       A fax can be deleted from a fax list by pressing the delete  (trashcan)
       button.	This will place the deleted fax in the `Trash´ folder.	If the
       delete (trashcan) button is pressed in relation to a fax in the `Trash´
       folder, it will be deleted from the file system.

       A  description  can  be added to a received fax when appearing in a fax
       list (or subsequently amended) by pressing the relevant button --  this
       will enable faxes to be more easily identified.

       The  received  faxes  list will show, at the far right of the tool bar,
       the number of faxes received since the program was  last	 started.   If
       efax-gtk	 is  in receive standby mode, the "tooltips" for the program's
       icon in the system tray will also indicate this number.	The count  can
       be reset to 0 without restarting the program by pressing the reset but‐
       ton in the received faxes list.

       The program settings can be changed by manually	editing	 the  efax-gtk
       configuration file comprising $HOME/.efax-gtkrc, $sysconfdir/efax-gtkrc
       or /etc/efax-gtkrc.  The	 file  is  searched  for  in  that  order,  so
       $HOME/.efax-gtkrc takes precedence over the other two.

       The  configuration  file	 can  also be set by using the Settings dialog
       launched from the `File/Settings´ pull down menu	 item.	 The  settings
       entered	using  this  dialog  are  always  stored as $HOME/.efax-gtkrc.
       Accordingly, if the Settings dialog has been  used,  and	 you  want  to
       revert  to the global settings, this can be done either by deleting the
       $HOME/.efax-gtkrc file, or by pressing the `Reset´ button in  the  Set‐
       tings  dialog,  which  will  reload the Settings dialog from the global
       configuration file ($sysconfdir/efax-gtkrc or /etc/efax-gtkrc).

       Help can be obtained when filling out the Settings  dialog  by  holding
       the  mouse  over	 the  relevant	help (?) button, which will bring up a
       "Tips" display, or by pressing the  button,  which  will	 bring	up  an
       information display.

       Errors  and  warnings from efax are displayed in red in the application
       text window, and information messages and reports on  the  progress  of
       negotiations  and  on  fax status are displayed in black in the window.
       In addition, these messages are sent to stderr and stdout respectively.
       Accordingly,  fax status can be logged by redirecting stderr and stdout
       to a log file.

       As an alternative, a log file can also be  maintained  by  setting  the
       LOG_FILE parameter in the efax-gtkrc configuration file, or by entering
       a log file name via the Settings dialog.	 If no log file is  specified,
       no  log	file  will be maintained.  If a log file is specified, then it
       can be viewed from the "Log" pull-down menu, and if  efax-gtk  is  com‐
       piled  against  GTK+-2.10  or greater, the log file can also be printed
       from the pull-down menu.

   Printing to file from the program itself
       Probably the simplest way of using the program with a word processor is
       to  print  to  file from the print dialog of the word processor program
       concerned, and choosing a file name in the $HOME/faxout directory which
       can  then  be  selected with the file selector dialog in efax-gtk.  All
       Unix/Linux word and document processing programs will print to file  in
       Postscript  format, ready to be faxed by efax-gtk.  (At least, if there
       is one which does not, I do not know of it).

   Printing via CUPS
       Efax-gtk can run a socket server, which CUPS can connect to.  When  the
       socket  server  is running, fax files received from CUPS will automati‐
       cally be displayed in a "Queued faxes from socket" list	maintained  by
       efax-gtk.   From	 this list, a fax can be selected for sending by efax-
       gtk, so there is no need to print to file from the word	processor  and
       then select the file with the file selection dialog in efax-gtk.

       When  a	fax  is	 received  in  this  way from the print system via the
       socket, the program settings can also be configured to bring up a  dia‐
       log  automatically.   If	 the  program is inactive or is standing-by to
       receive faxes, the fax can be sent directly from	 this  dialog  without
       the need to invoke the list of queued faxes received from the socket.

       If  you	are using CUPS and you want to connect it directly to efax-gtk
       as mentioned above, you can do so by bringing up the fax administration
       page for CUPS in a web browser, installing a new printer with a name of
       "fax" (or whatever other name you want), choose the IPP protocol,  pick
       a  URI  of  "socket://[hostname]:[port]",  and  choose  the  "Raw" CUPS
       printer driver.

       The port number can be any port number less than 65536  and  more  than
       1023  which  is	not  used by any other service on your machine/network
       (this can be checked out by using nmap, but it is  best	to  avoid  any
       listed in /etc/services).  For example, as you will usually be printing
       from a local computer, if you choose a port number of 9900 (which would
       be quite reasonable) the URI would be:


       As an alternative, rather easier than the web interface is adding a new
       CUPS virtual printer for efax-gtk by using lpadmin.  To do this, log in
       as  whatever  user has appropriate permissions (usually root) and do it
       from the command line with:

	    /usr/sbin/lpadmin -p FaxPrinter -E -v socket://localhost:9900

       That will create a printer name for efax-gtk called  FaxPrinter	for  a
       case where efax-gtk is listening on port 9900.

       You  should  then  start efax-gtk, go to the Socket tab in the settings
       dialog, check the "Run socket server" box, and enter 9900 in the	 "Port
       to which faxes to be sent" box.

       To send a fax from the "Queued faxes from socket" dialog, highlight the
       one to be sent, press the "Enter selected fax to send"  button  in  the
       dialog  (the  one  with	an icon representing a fax machine) which will
       enter the fax in the "File to fax" box in efax-gtk, and then  choose  a
       telephone  number  to send it to and press the "Send fax" button in the
       ordinary way.

       If efax-gtk isn't running when you attempt to send a file via  CUPS  to
       efax-gtk	 don't	worry.	 CUPS will queue the fax until it detects that
       the efax-gtk socket server is running, and then send it to efax-gtk.

       Where a fax is queued for sending in the socket list, a small red  cir‐
       cle  will  appear  in the main program window on the right hand side of
       the "Fax to send" box.

   Printing via lpd/lprng
       The socket server can also be used in the same way with lpd/lprng.  The
       files  efax-gtk-faxfilter  and  efax-gtk-socket-client are installed in
       /var/spool/fax, when you run `make install´ (the installation directory
       can  be	changed	 at  the  ./configure  stage  using  the  "./configure
       --spooldir=[dir]" parameter.  You should add at the end of  /etc/print‐
       cap the following -


       This  will  cause a printer by the name of "fax" to be available, which
       (if printed to) will send the file to the efax-gtk socket  server.   If
       you  set	 efax-gtk  to  listen on a port other than port 9900, you will
       need to amend the file  /var/spool/fax/efax-gtk-faxfilter  by  hand  to
       specify the correct port number on which efax-gtk is listening.

       Don't   forget  to  restart  the	 lpd  printer  daemon  after  amending
       /etc/printcap.  (An equivalent addition to /etc/printcap	 can  also  be
       made  by	 using	the printer configuration tool with your distribution,
       choosing a printer name of "fax" (or whatever  other  name  you	want),
       choosing	 a  printer  device  of	 "/dev/null",  a  spool	 directory  of
       "/var/spool/fax" and an input filter  of	 "/var/spool/fax/efax-gtk-fax‐

       Efax-gtk	 has  been  written  so that it will sit in the system tray in
       GNOME and KDE when the program is running.

       From the system tray, the program can be hidden	and  raised  again  by
       left-clicking with the mouse on the icon, and right-clicking on it will
       bring up a menu from which certain program operations can be performed.
       A  `tips´  display will also indicate the program state if the mouse is
       left hovering over the efax-gtk icon.

       Clicking on the top right (delete) button of the window frame will  not
       cause the program to terminate if the program is embedded in the system
       tray.  Instead it will hide it in the tray.  If you want to  close  the
       program	when it is embedded in the tray, either select the "Quit" menu
       item in the system tray efax-gtk menu, or select the "Quit"  menu  item
       in the "File" pull-down menu in the program toolbar.

       Recent  versions	 of  GNOME call the system tray a "Notification Area".
       If your desktop panel does not have a Notification Area	installed,  it
       can be placed on the panel by right clicking on the panel, and going to
       Add to Panel -> Utility -> Notification Area.

       A working sub-directory for the storage of .efax-gtk_addressbook,
	.efax-gtk_mainwin_save	and  .efax-gtk_queued_server_files   and   the
       faxin, faxout, faxsent and efax-gtk-server directories can be specified
       in the efax-gtkrc configuration file with the  WORK_SUBDIR:  parameter.
       This working subdirectory will appear as a subdirectory of $HOME (so if
       WORK_SUBDIR: is specified as efax-gtk, $HOME/efax-gtk will be the work‐
       ing directory).	If none is specified, which is the default, then these
       files/directories will be stored directly in $HOME (which was what hap‐
       pened  before  the option was available, so past efax-gtk installations
       will not be broken if this option is  left  unset).   The  WORK_SUBDIR:
       parameter enables these files and folders to be kept together in a sep‐
       arate directory if wanted.  If a WORK_SUBDIR: parameter	is  specified,
       only .efax-gtkrc will appear directly in $HOME.

       Note  that  if  you  specify a value for WORK_SUBDIR: in the efax-gtkrc
       configuration file, you will need to shift old versions	of  the	 files
       and directories mentioned above into the new working directory or efax-
       gtk will not be able to find them, so use this option with caution.  In
       addition, if you wish to use the "print_fax" or "mail_fax" scripts, you
       will need to set the WORK_SUBDIR option in the relevant script.

	      The efax-gtk executable.

	      A filter script for lpd/lprng which will send files to the efax-
	      gtk socket server

	      The companion socket client for efax-gtk-faxfilter

	      The efax-gtk configuration file.

	      Various translation files for different locales.

	      Efax-gtk manual file

       In addition some files from efax itself are installed, as follows:

	      The efax executable

	      The efix executable

       efax.1 efix.1
	      Efax manual files


       Chris Vine

			       9 September 2008			   EFAX-GTK(1)

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