FGETC(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual FGETC(3P)PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
not be implemented on Linux.
NAMEfgetc — get a byte from a stream
int fgetc(FILE *stream);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the
ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here
and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008
defers to the ISO C standard.
If the end-of-file indicator for the input stream pointed to by stream
is not set and a next byte is present, the fgetc() function shall
obtain the next byte as an unsigned char converted to an int, from the
input stream pointed to by stream, and advance the associated file
position indicator for the stream (if defined). Since fgetc() operates
on bytes, reading a character consisting of multiple bytes (or ``a
multi-byte character'') may require multiple calls to fgetc().
The fgetc() function may mark the last data access timestamp of the
file associated with stream for update. The last data access timestamp
shall be marked for update by the first successful execution of
fgetc(), fgets(), fread(), fscanf(), getc(), getchar(), getdelim(),
getline(), gets(), or scanf() using stream that returns data not sup‐
plied by a prior call to ungetc().
Upon successful completion, fgetc() shall return the next byte from the
input stream pointed to by stream. If the end-of-file indicator for
the stream is set, or if the stream is at end-of-file, the end-of-file
indicator for the stream shall be set and fgetc() shall return EOF. If
a read error occurs, the error indicator for the stream shall be set,
fgetc() shall return EOF, and shall set errno to indicate the error.
The fgetc() function shall fail if data needs to be read and:
EAGAIN The O_NONBLOCK flag is set for the file descriptor underlying
stream and the thread would be delayed in the fgetc() operation.
EBADF The file descriptor underlying stream is not a valid file
descriptor open for reading.
EINTR The read operation was terminated due to the receipt of a sig‐
nal, and no data was transferred.
EIO A physical I/O error has occurred, or the process is in a back‐
ground process group attempting to read from its controlling
terminal, and either the calling thread is blocking SIGTTIN or
the process is ignoring SIGTTIN or the process group of the
process is orphaned. This error may also be generated for
The file is a regular file and an attempt was made to read at or
beyond the offset maximum associated with the corresponding
The fgetc() function may fail if:
ENOMEM Insufficient storage space is available.
ENXIO A request was made of a nonexistent device, or the request was
outside the capabilities of the device.
The following sections are informative.
If the integer value returned by fgetc() is stored into a variable of
type char and then compared against the integer constant EOF, the com‐
parison may never succeed, because sign-extension of a variable of type
char on widening to integer is implementation-defined.
The ferror() or feof() functions must be used to distinguish between an
error condition and an end-of-file condition.
Section 2.5, Standard I/O Streams, feof(), ferror(), fgets(), fread(),
fscanf(), getchar(), getc(), gets(), ungetc()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <stdio.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
-- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
cal and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is
POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the
event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are
most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source
files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.ker‐
IEEE/The Open Group 2013 FGETC(3P)