fnmatch man page on FreeBSD

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FNMATCH(3)		 BSD Library Functions Manual		    FNMATCH(3)

NAME
     fnmatch — test whether a filename or pathname matches a shell-style pat‐
     tern

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <fnmatch.h>

     int
     fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags);

DESCRIPTION
     The fnmatch() function matches patterns according to the rules used by
     the shell.	 It checks the string specified by the string argument to see
     if it matches the pattern specified by the pattern argument.

     The flags argument modifies the interpretation of pattern and string.
     The value of flags is the bitwise inclusive OR of any of the following
     constants, which are defined in the include file <fnmatch.h>.

     FNM_NOESCAPE  Normally, every occurrence of a backslash (‘\’) followed by
		   a character in pattern is replaced by that character.  This
		   is done to negate any special meaning for the character.
		   If the FNM_NOESCAPE flag is set, a backslash character is
		   treated as an ordinary character.

     FNM_PATHNAME  Slash characters in string must be explicitly matched by
		   slashes in pattern.	If this flag is not set, then slashes
		   are treated as regular characters.

     FNM_PERIOD	   Leading periods in string must be explicitly matched by
		   periods in pattern.	If this flag is not set, then leading
		   periods are treated as regular characters.  The definition
		   of “leading” is related to the specification of
		   FNM_PATHNAME.  A period is always “leading” if it is the
		   first character in string.  Additionally, if FNM_PATHNAME
		   is set, a period is leading if it immediately follows a
		   slash.

     FNM_LEADING_DIR
		   Ignore “/*” rest after successful pattern matching.

     FNM_CASEFOLD  Ignore case distinctions in both the pattern and the
		   string.

RETURN VALUES
     The fnmatch() function returns zero if string matches the pattern speci‐
     fied by pattern, otherwise, it returns the value FNM_NOMATCH.

SEE ALSO
     sh(1), glob(3), regex(3)

STANDARDS
     The current implementation of the fnmatch() function does not conform to
     IEEE Std 1003.2 (“POSIX.2”).  Collating symbol expressions, equivalence
     class expressions and character class expressions are not supported.

HISTORY
     The fnmatch() function first appeared in 4.4BSD.

BUGS
     The pattern ‘*’ matches the empty string, even if FNM_PATHNAME is speci‐
     fied.

BSD				 July 18, 2004				   BSD
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