foomatic-rip man page on aLinux

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FOOMATIC-RIP(1)						       FOOMATIC-RIP(1)

NAME
       foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper

SYNOPSIS
   General Options:
       foomatic-rip [-v] [-q] [-d] <filter specific options>

   Spooler-less printing/CPS (older versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip [-P <printer>  |  --ppd  <ppdfile> ]  [-J <jobtitle> ] [-o
	<option>=<value>  [...]]  [<files>]

   CUPS filter:
       foomatic-rip <jobid> <user> <jobtitle> <numcopies> <options> [<file>]

   LPRng filter:
       foomatic-rip --lprng [-J<jobti‐
       tle>][-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]] <ppdfile>

       foomatic-rip  [-J<jobti‐
       tle>][-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]]
       (printcap :pdd=<ppdfile>)

       foomatic-rip --ppd <ppdfile>[-J<jobti‐
       tle>] [-Z<option>=<value>[,<option>=<value>[, ...]]

   LPD/GNUlpr filter:
       foomatic-rip [-w <number>] [-l <number>] [-x <number>] [-y <num‐
       ber>] [-i <number>] [-c] [-n <string>] [-h <string>] [-j|-J <jobti‐
       tle>|<options>] <ppdfile>

   PPR RIP:
       foomatic-rip [<option>=<value> [...]]

   PPR interface:
       foomatic-rip <queue> <destaddress> <options> <jobbreak> <feed‐
       back> <codes> <jobname> <routing> <for> <filetype> [<file>]

   PDQ driver file generation:
       foomatic-rip [--ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] --gen‐
       pdq|--appendpdq|--genrawpdq|--appendrawpdq

   PDQ filter:
       foomatic-rip --pdq --ppd <ppdfile>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] <file>

   CPS (newer versions) filter:
       foomatic-rip --cps -P <printer> [-J <jobti‐
       tle>] [-o <option>=<value> [...]] [<files>]

DESCRIPTION
       foomatic-rip is a universal print filter which works with  every	 known
       free software printer spooler. It has the following features:

       It  translates  PostScript  (and also other file formats) from standard
       input to the printer's native language (usually put  to	standard  out‐
       put).

       The  translation is done with an external renderer, usually Ghostscript
       (gs(1)). If no translation is  needed  (PostScript  printer)  the  ren‐
       derer's command line reduces to cat(1). The way how this translation is
       done is described in a PPD file.

       Printer capabilities, how to handle user options, and how to build  the
       renderer command line is always described by PPD files, these PPD files
       can come from Foomatic or can be the ones supplied by the manufacturers
       of PostScript printers. The PPD files are the same for all spoolers.

       foomatic-rip  works with every known spooler (CUPS, LPRng, LPD, GNUlpr,
       PPR, PDQ, CPS, and without spooler). It auto-detects the	 spooler  from
       which  it  was called by the command line options and environment vari‐
       ables which were supplied by the spooler.

       Non-PostScript files are	 translated  to	 PostScript  before  they  are
       passed  to  the renderer. This is usually done by a2ps(1), enscript(1),
       or mpage(1). foomatic-rip auto-detects which program is installed,  but
       manual configuration is also possible.

       foomatic-rip  does  not only apply option settings supplied by the user
       through the command line of the printing command, but also searches the
       entire  job  for	 embedded option settings (only PostScript jobs). Here
       not only settings affectimg the whole job are taken into	 account,  but
       also  settings  in  the page headers, which are only valid for the page
       where they were found, so applications which  produce  PostScript  code
       with page-specific printer option settings are fully supported.

SPOOLER-LESS PRINTING
   Options
       -v	 verbose mode for debugging.  WARNING: This will create a file
		 in /tmp that contains the debugging information.  This	 opens
		 a security loophole and should not be used in production.

       -q	 quiet mode - minimal information output

       -d	 identical  to	the  'opts'  option, but option information is
		 left in text format.  This is useful for running foomatic-rip
		 from  the  command  line to determine what the printer option
		 are.  The PPD file will need to be specified using the	 --ppd
		 option.

       -P <printer>
		 <printer>  is the configured printer which should be used for
		 this job.

       --ppd <ppdfile>
		 The PPD file <ppdfile> should be applied for processing  this
		 job.

       -J <jobtitle>
		 The <jobtitle> will be printed in the head line of every page
		 of a plain text job.

       -o <option>=<value>
		 Option settings for this job, do

		 foomatic-rip -P <printer> -o docs <file>

		 (<file> can be an arbitrary existing file, as	.bashrc,  will
		 not  be printed) to print a list of available options for the
		 specified <printer>.

       <files>	 The file(s) to be printed.

       foomatic-rip will print from standard input unless a file to  print  is
       specified  on  the command line.	 If your printer PPD file is stored as
       /etc/direct/<printer>.ppd or ~/.foomatic/direct/<printer>.ppd  you  can
       use it by simply specifying "-P <printer>".

       Put a line

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| <command>"

       into  the PPD file, right after *PPD-Adobe: "4.3", where <command> is a
       command into which you wnat to re-direct the output data.  Due  to  the
       restictions  of PPD files <, >, and " are not allowed in the <command>,
       replace them as follows:

       Character Replacement
       ---------------------
	    <	 <
	    >	 >
	    "	 "
	    '	 '
	    &	 &

       This way you can print directly to your printer, use

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat > /dev/lp0"

       or

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat > /dev/usb/lp0"

       for local parallel or USB printers. To make normal users able to	 print
       this  way  add  them to the group lp and make sure that the appropriate
       printer device file /dev/... is group-writable for the lp group.

       for a TCP/Socket/JetDirect printer with the host name printer listening
       on port 9100 you need this:

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| /usr/bin/nc -w 1 printer 9100"

       Note  the  "-w  1"  in  the  "nc"  command  line, it makes "nc" exiting
       immediately after the data is tranferred to the printer.

       *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| rlpr -Plp@printserver"

       directs your jobs to the LPD printer queue  lp  on  the	machine	 named
       printserver.

       See also http://www.openprinting.org/direct-doc.html

PRINTING WITH SPOOLER
       See    the    documentation    on    the	   OpenPrinting	   Web	 site:
       http://www.openprinting.org/

FILES
       /etc/cups/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/lpd/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/ppr/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/pdq/<printer>.ppd
       /etc/direct/<printer>.ppd

	       The PPD files of the currently defined printers

EXIT STATUS
       foomatic-rip returns 0 unless something unexpected happens.

AUTHOR
       Till  Kamppeter	<till.kamppeter@gmail.com>  with  parts	  of   Manfred
       Wassmanns's  <manolo@NCC-1701.B.Shuttle.de>  man pages for the Foomatic
       2.0.x filters.

BUGS
       None so far.

       Please send bug reports to the Foomatic mailing list:

       http://lists.freestandards.org/mailman/listinfo/printing-foomatic

Foomatic Project		  2002-11-26		       FOOMATIC-RIP(1)
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