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FSTAB(5)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		      FSTAB(5)

       fstab - static information about the filesystems

       #include <fstab.h>

       The  file fstab contains descriptive information about the various file
       systems.	 fstab is only read by programs, and not written;  it  is  the
       duty  of	 the system administrator to properly create and maintain this
       file.  Each filesystem is described on a separate line; fields on  each
       line are separated by tabs or spaces.  Lines starting with '#' are com‐
       ments.  The order of records in fstab  is  important  because  fsck(8),
       mount(8),  and umount(8) sequentially iterate through fstab doing their

       The first field, (fs_spec),  describes  the  block  special  device  or
       remote filesystem to be mounted.

       For  ordinary  mounts  it  will hold (a link to) a block special device
       node (as created by mknod(8))  for  the	device	to  be	mounted,  like
       `/dev/cdrom'   or   `/dev/sdb7'.	   For	 NFS   mounts  one  will  have
       <host>:<dir>, e.g., `knuth.aeb.nl:/'.  For procfs, use `proc'.

       Instead of giving the device explicitly, one may indicate the (ext2  or
       xfs)  filesystem that is to be mounted by its UUID or volume label (cf.
       e2label(8) or  xfs_admin(8)),  writing  LABEL=<label>  or  UUID=<uuid>,
       e.g.,   `LABEL=Boot'   or  `UUID=3e6be9de-8139-11d1-9106-a43f08d823a6'.
       This will make the system more robust: adding or removing a  SCSI  disk
       changes the disk device name but not the filesystem volume label.

       The second field, (fs_file), describes the mount point for the filesys‐
       tem.  For swap partitions, this field should be specified as `none'. If
       the  name  of  the  mount point contains spaces these can be escaped as

       The third field, (fs_vfstype), describes the type  of  the  filesystem.
       Linux  supports	lots  of filesystem types, such as adfs, affs, autofs,
       coda, coherent, cramfs, devpts, efs, ext2, ext3,	 hfs,  hpfs,  iso9660,
       jfs,  minix,  msdos,  ncpfs,  nfs,  ntfs,  proc, qnx4, reiserfs, romfs,
       smbfs, sysv, tmpfs, udf, ufs, umsdos, vfat, xenix,  xfs,	 and  possibly
       others.	For more details, see mount(8).	 For the filesystems currently
       supported by the running kernel, see /proc/filesystems.	An entry  swap
       denotes a file or partition to be used for swapping, cf. swapon(8).  An
       entry ignore causes the line to be ignored.  This  is  useful  to  show
       disk  partitions	 which	are currently unused.  An entry none is useful
       for bind or move mounts.

       The fourth field, (fs_mntops), describes the mount  options  associated
       with the filesystem.

       It  is  formatted as a comma separated list of options.	It contains at
       least the type of mount plus any additional options appropriate to  the
       filesystem  type.   For documentation on the available options for non-
       nfs file systems, see mount(8).	For documentation on all  nfs-specific
       options have a look at nfs(5).  Common for all types of file system are
       the options ``noauto'' (do not mount when "mount -a" is given, e.g., at
       boot  time),  ``user''  (allow  a  user to mount), and ``owner'' (allow
       device owner to mount), and ``comment'' (e.g., for use  by  fstab-main‐
       taining	programs).   The  ``owner'' and ``comment'' options are Linux-
       specific.  For more details, see mount(8).

       The fifth field, (fs_freq),  is	used  for  these  filesystems  by  the
       dump(8)	command	 to determine which filesystems need to be dumped.  If
       the fifth field is not present, a value of zero is  returned  and  dump
       will assume that the filesystem does not need to be dumped.

       The  sixth field, (fs_passno), is used by the fsck(8) program to deter‐
       mine the order in which filesystem checks are done at reboot time.  The
       root  filesystem	 should	 be specified with a fs_passno of 1, and other
       filesystems should have a fs_passno of 2.  Filesystems within  a	 drive
       will  be checked sequentially, but filesystems on different drives will
       be checked at the same time to utilize  parallelism  available  in  the
       hardware.   If  the sixth field is not present or zero, a value of zero
       is returned and fsck will assume that the filesystem does not  need  to
       be checked.

       The proper way to read records from fstab is to use the routines getmn‐


       getmntent(3), mount(8), swapon(8), fs(5), nfs(5)

       The ancestor of this fstab file format appeared in 4.0BSD.

       This man page is part of the util-linux-ng  package  and	 is  available
       from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux-ng/.

Linux 2.2			 15 June 1999			      FSTAB(5)

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