gethostid man page on ElementaryOS

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GETHOSTID(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		  GETHOSTID(3)

NAME
       gethostid,  sethostid - get or set the unique identifier of the current
       host

SYNOPSIS
       #include <unistd.h>

       long gethostid(void);
       int sethostid(long hostid);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       gethostid():
	   _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
	   _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
       sethostid():
	   _BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500)

DESCRIPTION
       gethostid()  and	 sethostid()  respectively  get or set a unique 32-bit
       identifier for the current machine.  The 32-bit identifier is  intended
       to be unique among all UNIX systems in existence.  This normally resem‐
       bles the Internet address for the local machine, as returned  by	 geth‐
       ostbyname(3), and thus usually never needs to be set.

       The sethostid() call is restricted to the superuser.

RETURN VALUE
       gethostid()  returns  the 32-bit identifier for the current host as set
       by sethostid().

       On success, sethostid() returns 0; on error, -1 is returned, and	 errno
       is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       sethostid() can fail with the following errors:

       EACCES The  caller did not have permission to write to the file used to
	      store the host ID.

       EPERM  The calling process's effective user or group ID is not the same
	      as its corresponding real ID.

CONFORMING TO
       4.2BSD;	these  functions  were dropped in 4.4BSD.  SVr4 includes geth‐
       ostid() but not sethostid().  POSIX.1-2001  specifies  gethostid()  but
       not sethostid().

NOTES
       In  the	glibc  implementation,	the  hostid  is	 stored	 in  the  file
       /etc/hostid.  (In glibc versions before 2.2, the	 file  /var/adm/hostid
       was used.)

       In  the	glibc implementation, if gethostid() cannot open the file con‐
       taining the host ID, then it obtains the hostname using gethostname(2),
       passes  that  hostname  to  gethostbyname_r(3)  in  order to obtain the
       host's IPv4 address, and returns a value obtained by bit-twiddling  the
       IPv4 address.  (This value may not be unique.)

BUGS
       It is impossible to ensure that the identifier is globally unique.

SEE ALSO
       hostid(1), gethostbyname(3)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2010-09-20			  GETHOSTID(3)
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