getitimer(2)getitimer(2)NAMEgetitimer(), setitimer() - get and set value of interval timer
The function stores the current value of the timer specified by which
into the structure pointed to by value. The function sets the timer
specified by which to the value specified in the structure pointed to
by value, and if ovalue is not a null pointer, stores the previous
value of the timer in the structure pointed to by ovalue.
The header declares the structure:
If it_value is non-zero, it indicates the time to the next timer expi‐
ration. If it_interval is non-zero, it specifies a value to be used in
reloading it_value when the timer expires. Setting it_value to 0 dis‐
ables the timer, regardless of the value of it_interval. Setting
it_interval to 0 disables the timer after its next expiration (assuming
it_value is non-zero).
Implementations may place limitations on the granularity of timer val‐
ues. For each interval timer, if the requested timer value requires a
finer granularity than the implementation supports, the actual timer
value will be rounded up to the next supported value. Timer values
smaller than the resolution of the system clock are rounded up to this
resolution. The machine-dependent clock resolution is seconds, where
the constant is defined in To make sure that a process gets at least as
much time as requested, the timer value is rounded up to the next timer
tick (a timer tick is the smallest supported value). The timer value
is rounded up to the next timer tick, because the timer may be initial‐
ized somewhere between timer ticks. If a is followed by a without a
timer tick in between, it is possible that the value returned by may be
more than the initial value requested by due to this rounding.
Implementations may place limitations on the timer value. Timer values
larger than an implementation-specific maximum value are rounded down
to this maximum. The maximum values for the three interval timers are
specified by the constants and defined in On all implementations, these
values are guaranteed to be at least 31 days (in seconds).
An XSI-conforming implementation provides each process with at least
three interval timers, which are indicated by the which argument:
Decrements in real time. A
signal is delivered to the process when
this timer expires.
Decrements in process virtual time.
This timer runs only when the process
is executing. A signal is delivered to
the process when the timer expires.
Decrements both in process virtual time and when
the system is running on behalf of the
process. This timer is designed to be
used by interpreters in statistically
profiling the execution of interpreted
programs. Each time the timer expires,
a signal is delivered to the process.
In addition to the above timers, HP-UX provides the following three
per-thread interval timers for threads, which are indicated by the
Decrements in real time. A signal is delivered to the
thread which set this timer when
the timer expires.
Decrements in thread virtual time.
This timer runs only when the
thread is executing. A signal is
delivered to the thread which set
this timer when the timer expires.
Decrements both in thread virtual time and when the system is
running on behalf of the thread.
Each time the timer expires, a
signal is delivered to the thread
which set this timer.
Since a signal can interrupt in-progress system calls, programs using
this timer must be prepared to restart the interrupted system call.
Interval timers are not inherited by a child process across a but are
inherited across an
Three macros for manipulating time values are defined in
Set a time value to zero.
Test if a time value is non-zero.
Compare two time values.
(Beware that and do not work with the
The timer used with is also used by (see alarm(2)). Thus successive
calls to and set and return the state of a single timer. In addition,
a call to sets the timer interval to zero.
The interaction between and any of or is unspecified.
Upon successful completion, or returns 0. Otherwise, −1 is returned
and is set to indicate the error.
The function will fail if:
The value argument is not in canonical form. (In
canonical form, the number of microseconds is a
non-negative integer less than 1,000,000 and the
number of seconds is a non-negative integer.)
The and functions may fail if:
The which argument is not recognized.
The value structure specified a bad address. Reli‐
able detection of this error is implementation
The following call to sets the real-time interval timer to expire ini‐
tially after 10 seconds and every 0.5 seconds thereafter:
was developed by the University of California, Berkeley.
SEE ALSOalarm(2), exec(2), ualarm(2), usleep(2), pthread_attr_setscope(3T),
pthread_create(3T), pthread_sigmask(3T), sleep(3C), signal(5).
First released in Issue 4, Version 2.