getservent man page on 4.4BSD

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GETSERVENT(3)		 BSD Library Functions Manual		 GETSERVENT(3)

NAME
     getservent, getservbyport, getservbyname, setservent, endservent — get
     service entry

SYNOPSIS
     #include <netdb.h>

     struct servent *
     getservent();

     struct servent *
     getservbyname(char *name, char *proto);

     struct servent *
     getservbyport(int port, proto);

     void
     setservent(int stayopen);

     void
     endservent(void);

DESCRIPTION
     The getservent(), getservbyname(), and getservbyport() functions each
     return a pointer to an object with the following structure containing the
     broken-out fields of a line in the network services data base,
     /etc/services.

	   struct  servent {
		   char	   *s_name;	   /* official name of service */
		   char	   **s_aliases;	   /* alias list */
		   int	   s_port;	   /* port service resides at */
		   char	   *s_proto;	   /* protocol to use */
	   };

     The members of this structure are:

     s_name	The official name of the service.

     s_aliases	A NULL-terminated list of alternate names for the service.

     s_port	The port number at which the service resides.  Port numbers
		are returned in network byte order.

     s_proto	The name of the protocol to use when contacting the service.

     The getservent() function reads the next line of the file, opening the
     file if necessary.

     The setservent() function opens and rewinds the file.  If the stayopen
     flag is non-zero, the net data base will not be closed after each call to
     getservbyname() or getservbyport().

     The endservent() function closes the file.

     The getservbyname() and getservbyport() functions sequentially search
     from the beginning of the file until a matching protocol name or port
     number is found, or until EOF is encountered.  If a protocol name is also
     supplied (non-NULL), searches must also match the protocol.

FILES
     /etc/services

DIAGNOSTICS
     Null pointer (0) returned on EOF or error.

SEE ALSO
     getprotoent(3), services(5)

HISTORY
     The getservent(), getservbyport(), getservbyname(), setservent(), and
     endservent() functions appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS
     These functions use static data storage; if the data is needed for future
     use, it should be copied before any subsequent calls overwrite it.
     Expecting port numbers to fit in a 32 bit quantity is probably naive.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution	 May 25, 1995	     4.2 Berkeley Distribution
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