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GETTYTAB(5)		    BSD File Formats Manual		   GETTYTAB(5)

NAME
     gettytab — terminal configuration data base

SYNOPSIS
     gettytab

DESCRIPTION
     The gettytab file is a simplified version of the termcap(5) data base
     used to describe terminal lines.  The initial terminal login process
     getty(8) accesses the gettytab file each time it starts, allowing simpler
     reconfiguration of terminal characteristics.  Each entry in the data base
     is used to describe one class of terminals.

     There is a default terminal class, default, that is used to set global
     defaults for all other classes.  (That is, the default entry is read,
     then the entry for the class required is used to override particular set‐
     tings.)

CAPABILITIES
     Refer to termcap(5) for a description of the file layout.	The default
     column below lists defaults obtained if there is no entry in the table
     obtained, nor one in the special default table.

     Name    Type    Default	       Description
     ac	     str     unused	       expect-send chat script for modem
				       answer
     al	     str     unused	       user to auto-login instead of prompting
     ap	     bool    false	       terminal uses any parity
     bk	     str     0377	       alternate end of line character (input
				       break)
     c0	     num     unused	       tty control flags to write messages
     c1	     num     unused	       tty control flags to read login name
     c2	     num     unused	       tty control flags to leave terminal as
     ce	     bool    false	       use crt erase algorithm
     ck	     bool    false	       use crt kill algorithm
     cl	     str     NULL	       screen clear sequence
     co	     bool    false	       console - add ‘\n’ after login prompt
     ct	     num     10		       chat timeout for ac and ic scripts
     dc	     num     0		       chat debug bitmask
     de	     num     0		       delay secs and flush input before
				       writing first prompt
     df	     str     %+		       the strftime(3) format used for %d in
				       the banner message
     ds	     str     ‘^Y’	       delayed suspend character
     dx	     bool    false	       set DECCTLQ
     ec	     bool    false	       leave echo OFF
     ep	     bool    false	       terminal uses even parity
     er	     str     ‘^?’	       erase character
     et	     str     ‘^D’	       end of text (EOF) character
     ev	     str     NULL	       initial environment
     f0	     num     unused	       tty mode flags to write messages
     f1	     num     unused	       tty mode flags to read login name
     f2	     num     unused	       tty mode flags to leave terminal as
     fl	     str     ‘^O’	       output flush character
     hc	     bool    false	       do NOT hangup line on last close
     he	     str     NULL	       hostname editing string
     hn	     str     hostname	       hostname
     ht	     bool    false	       terminal has real tabs
     hw	     bool    false	       do cts/rts hardware flow control
     i0	     num     unused	       tty input flags to write messages
     i1	     num     unused	       tty input flags to read login name
     i2	     num     unused	       tty input flags to leave terminal as
     ic	     str     unused	       expect-send chat script for modem
				       initialization
     if	     str     unused	       display named file before prompt, like
				       /etc/issue
     ig	     bool    false	       ignore garbage characters in login name
     im	     str     NULL	       initial (banner) message
     in	     str     ‘^C’	       interrupt character
     is	     num     unused	       input speed
     kl	     str     ‘^U’	       kill character
     l0	     num     unused	       tty local flags to write messages
     l1	     num     unused	       tty local flags to read login name
     l2	     num     unused	       tty local flags to leave terminal as
     lm	     str     login:	       login prompt
     ln	     str     ‘^V’	       ``literal next'' character
     lo	     str     /usr/bin/login    program to exec when name obtained
     mb	     bool    false	       do flow control based on carrier
     nc	     bool    false	       terminal does not supply carrier (set
				       clocal)
     nl	     bool    false	       terminal has (or might have) a newline
				       character
     np	     bool    false	       terminal uses no parity (i.e. 8-bit
				       characters)
     nx	     str     default	       next table (for auto speed selection)
     o0	     num     unused	       tty output flags to write messages
     o1	     num     unused	       tty output flags to read login name
     o2	     num     unused	       tty output flags to leave terminal as
     op	     bool    false	       terminal uses odd parity
     os	     num     unused	       output speed
     pc	     str     ‘\0’	       pad character
     pe	     bool    false	       use printer (hard copy) erase algorithm
     pf	     num     0		       delay between first prompt and follow‐
				       ing flush (seconds)
     pl	     bool    false	       start PPP login program unconditionally
				       if pp is specified
     pp	     str     unused	       PPP login program
     ps	     bool    false	       line connected to a MICOM port selector
     qu	     str     ‘^\’	       quit character
     rp	     str     ‘^R’	       line retype character
     rt	     num     unused	       ring timeout when using ac
     rw	     bool    false	       do NOT use raw for input, use cbreak
     sp	     num     unused	       line speed (input and output)
     su	     str     ‘^Z’	       suspend character
     tc	     str     none	       table continuation
     to	     num     0		       timeout (seconds)
     tt	     str     NULL	       terminal type (for environment)
     ub	     bool    false	       do unbuffered output (of prompts etc)
     we	     str     ‘^W’	       word erase character
     xc	     bool    false	       do NOT echo control chars as ‘^X’
     xf	     str     ‘^S’	       XOFF (stop output) character
     xn	     str     ‘^Q’	       XON (start output) character
     Lo	     str     C		       the locale name used for %d in the
				       banner message

     The following capabilities are no longer supported by getty(8):

     bd	     num     0		       backspace delay
     cb	     bool    false	       use crt backspace mode
     cd	     num     0		       carriage-return delay
     fd	     num     0		       form-feed (vertical motion) delay
     lc	     bool    false	       terminal has lower case
     nd	     num     0		       newline (line-feed) delay
     uc	     bool    false	       terminal is known upper case only

     If no line speed is specified, speed will not be altered from that which
     prevails when getty is entered.  Specifying an input or output speed will
     override line speed for stated direction only.

     Terminal modes to be used for the output of the message, for input of the
     login name, and to leave the terminal set as upon completion, are derived
     from the boolean flags specified.	If the derivation should prove inade‐
     quate, any (or all) of these three may be overridden with one of the c0,
     c1, c2, i0, i1, i2, l0, l1, l2, o0, o1, or o2 numeric specifications,
     which can be used to specify (usually in octal, with a leading '0') the
     exact values of the flags.	 These flags correspond to the termios
     c_cflag, c_iflag, c_lflag, and c_oflag fields, respectively.  Each these
     sets must be completely specified to be effective.	 The f0, f1, and f2
     are excepted for backwards compatibility with a previous incarnation of
     the TTY sub-system.  In these flags the bottom 16 bits of the (32 bits)
     value contain the sgttyb sg_flags field, while the top 16 bits represent
     the local mode word.

     Should getty(8) receive a null character (presumed to indicate a line
     break) it will restart using the table indicated by the nx entry.	If
     there is none, it will re-use its original table.

     Delays are specified in milliseconds, the nearest possible delay avail‐
     able in the tty driver will be used.  Should greater certainty be
     desired, delays with values 0, 1, 2, and 3 are interpreted as choosing
     that particular delay algorithm from the driver.

     The cl screen clear string may be preceded by a (decimal) number of mil‐
     liseconds of delay required (a la termcap).  This delay is simulated by
     repeated use of the pad character pc.

     The initial message, login message, and initial file; im, lm and if may
     include any of the following character sequences, which expand to infor‐
     mation about the environment in which getty(8) is running.

	   %d		    The current date and time formatted according to
			    the Lo and df strings.

	   %h		    The hostname of the machine, which is normally
			    obtained from the system using gethostname(3), but
			    may also be overridden by the hn table entry.  In
			    either case it may be edited with the he string.
			    A '@' in the he string causes one character from
			    the real hostname to be copied to the final host‐
			    name.  A '#' in the he string causes the next
			    character of the real hostname to be skipped.
			    Each character that is neither '@' nor '#' is
			    copied into the final hostname.  Surplus '@' and
			    '#' characters are ignored.

	   %t		    The tty name.

	   %m, %r, %s, %v   The type of machine, release of the operating sys‐
			    tem, name of the operating system, and version of
			    the kernel, respectively, as returned by uname(3).

	   %%		    A “%” character.

     When getty execs the login process, given in the lo string (usually
     “/usr/bin/login”), it will have set the environment to include the termi‐
     nal type, as indicated by the tt string (if it exists).  The ev string,
     can be used to enter additional data into the environment.	 It is a list
     of comma separated strings, each of which will presumably be of the form
     name=value.

     If a non-zero timeout is specified, with to, then getty will exit within
     the indicated number of seconds, either having received a login name and
     passed control to login(1), or having received an alarm signal, and
     exited.  This may be useful to hangup dial in lines.

     Output from getty(8) is even parity unless op or np is specified.	The op
     string may be specified with ap to allow any parity on input, but gener‐
     ate odd parity output.  Note: this only applies while getty is being run,
     terminal driver limitations prevent a more complete implementation.  The
     getty(8) utility does not check parity of input characters in RAW mode.

     If a pp string is specified and a PPP link bring-up sequence is recog‐
     nized, getty will invoke the program referenced by the pp option.	This
     can be used to handle incoming PPP calls.	If the pl option is true as
     well, getty(8) will skip the user name prompt and the PPP detection
     phase, and will invoke the program specified by pp instantly.

     Getty provides some basic intelligent modem handling by providing a chat
     script feature available via two capabilities:

	   ic	     Chat script to initialize modem.
	   ac	     Chat script to answer a call.

     A chat script is a set of expect/send string pairs.  When a chat string
     starts, getty will wait for the first string, and if it finds it, will
     send the second, and so on.  Strings specified are separated by one or
     more tabs or spaces.  Strings may contain standard ASCII characters and
     special 'escapes', which consist of a backslash character followed by one
     or more characters which are interpreted as follows:

	   \a	     bell character.
	   \b	     backspace.
	   \n	     newline.
	   \e	     escape.
	   \f	     formfeed.
	   \p	     half-second pause.
	   \r	     carriage return.
	   \S, \s    space character.
	   \t	     tab.
	   \xNN	     hexadecimal byte value.
	   \0NNN     octal byte value.

     Note that the ‘\p’ sequence is only valid for send strings and causes a
     half-second pause between sending the previous and next characters.
     Hexadecimal values are, at most, 2 hex digits long, and octal values are
     a maximum of 3 octal digits.

     The ic chat sequence is used to initialize a modem or similar device.  A
     typical example of an init chat script for a modem with a hayes compati‐
     ble command set might look like this:

	   :ic="" ATE0Q0V1\r OK\r ATS0=0\r OK\r:

     This script waits for nothing (which always succeeds), sends a sequence
     to ensure that the modem is in the correct mode (suppress command echo,
     send responses in verbose mode), and then disables auto-answer.  It waits
     for an "OK" response before it terminates.	 The init sequence is used to
     check modem responses to ensure that the modem is functioning correctly.
     If the init script fails to complete, getty considers this to be fatal,
     and results in an error logged via syslogd(8), and exiting.

     Similarly, an answer chat script is used to manually answer the phone in
     response to (usually) a "RING".  When run with an answer script, getty
     opens the port in non-blocking mode, clears any extraneous input and
     waits for data on the port.  As soon as any data is available, the answer
     chat script is started and scanned for a string, and responds according
     to the answer chat script.	 With a hayes compatible modem, this would
     normally look something like:

	   :ac=RING\r ATA\r CONNECT:

     This causes the modem to answer the call via the "ATA" command, then
     scans input for a "CONNECT" string.  If this is received before a ct
     timeout, then a normal login sequence commences.

     The ct capability specifies a timeout for all send and expect strings.
     This timeout is set individually for each expect wait and send string and
     must be at least as long as the time it takes for a connection to be
     established between a remote and local modem (usually around 10 seconds).

     In most situations, you will want to flush any additional input after the
     connection has been detected, and the de capability may be used to do
     that, as well as delay for a short time after the connection has been
     established during which all of the connection data has been sent by the
     modem.

SEE ALSO
     login(1), gethostname(3), uname(3), termcap(5), getty(8), telnetd(8)

HISTORY
     The gettytab file format appeared in 4.2BSD.

BUGS
     The special characters (erase, kill, etc.) are reset to system defaults
     by login(1).  In all cases, '#' or '^H' typed in a login name will be
     treated as an erase character, and '@' will be treated as a kill charac‐
     ter.

     The delay stuff is a real crock.  Apart form its general lack of flexi‐
     bility, some of the delay algorithms are not implemented.	The terminal
     driver should support sane delay settings.

     The he capability is stupid.

     The termcap(5) format is horrid, something more rational should have been
     chosen.

BSD				April 19, 1994				   BSD
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