gimp-2.8 man page on ElementaryOS

Man page or keyword search:  
man Server   4994 pages
apropos Keyword Search (all sections)
Output format
ElementaryOS logo
[printable version]

GIMP(1)			       GIMP Manual Pages		       GIMP(1)

       gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.

       gimp   [-h]   [--help]	[--help-all]   [--help-gtk]  [-v]  [--version]
       [--license] [--verbose]	[-n]  [--new-instance]	[-a]  [--as-new]  [-i]
       [--no-interface]	 [-d] [--no-data] [-f] [--no-fonts] [-s] [--no-splash]
       [--no-shm] [--no-cpu-accel] [--display display] [--session <name>] [-g]
       [--gimprc  <gimprc>] [--system-gimprc <gimprc>] [--dump-gimprc] [--con‐
       sole-messages]	 [--debug-handlers]    [--stack-trace-mode     <mode>]
       [--pdb-compat-mode   <mode>]   [--batch-interpreter  <procedure>]  [-b]
       [--batch <command>] [filename] ...

       GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It  is  used	 to  edit  and
       manipulate  images. It can load and save a variety of image formats and
       can be used to convert between formats.

       GIMP can also be used as a paint program. It features a set of  drawing
       and  painting  tools  such as airbrush, clone, pencil, and paint brush.
       Painting and drawing tools can be applied to an image with a variety of
       paint modes.  It also offers an extensive array of selection tools like
       rectangle, ellipse, fuzzy select, bezier select, intelligent  scissors,
       and select by color.

       GIMP  offers  a	variety	 of  plug-ins  that perform a variety of image
       manipulations.  Examples include bumpmap, edge detect,  gaussian	 blur,
       and  many  others.  In  addition,  GIMP has several scripting extension
       which allow for advanced non-interactive	 processing  and  creation  of

       GIMP  ships  with a second binary called gimp-console. This binary is a
       console-only version and	 behaves  as  if  gimp	was  called  with  the
       --no-interface command-line option.

       On  platforms  with  the D-Bus message bus system, GIMP will by default
       check if an instance is already running in this	user  session.	If  it
       detects	that,  it will pass all filenames given on the command-line to
       the already running GIMP instance and quit.

       GIMP accepts the following options:

       -h, --help
	       Show GIMP command-line options.

	       Show all command-line options.

	       Show GTK+ command-line options.

	       Show GEGL command-line options.

       -v, --version
	       Output version information and exit.  When  combined  with  the
	       --verbose  option,  version information about libraries used by
	       GIMP is shown as well.

	       Output license information and exit.

	       Be verbose and create information on standard output.

       -n, --new-instance
	       Do not attempt to  reuse	 an  already  running  GIMP  instance.
	       Always start a new one.

       -a, --as-new
	       Open  filenames passed on the command-line as new images, don't
	       set the filename on them.

       -i, --no-interface
	       Run without a user interface.

       -d, --no-data
	       Do not load patterns, gradients, palettes,  or  brushes.	 Often
	       useful  in  non-interactive situations where startup time is to
	       be minimized.

       -f, --no-fonts
	       Do not load any fonts. No text functionality will be  available
	       if this option is used.

       --display display
	       Use the designated X display.

       -s, --no-splash
	       Do not show the splash screen.

	       Do  not	use  shared  memory  between  GIMP  and	 its plug-ins.
	       Instead of using shared memory, GIMP will  send	the  data  via
	       pipe.  This will result in slower performance than using shared

	       Do not use CPU accelerations such as MMX or SSE	even  if  GIMP
	       detects that your CPU provides this functionality.

       --session <name>
	       Use a different sessionrc for this GIMP session. The given ses‐
	       sion name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

       -g, --gimprc <gimprc>
	       Use an alternative gimprc instead of the default one. Useful in
	       cases where plug-in paths or machine specs may be different.

       --system-gimprc <gimprc>
	       Use an alternate system gimprc file.

	       Output a gimprc file with default settings.

	       Enable debugging signal handlers.

       -c, --console-messages
	       Do not popup dialog boxes on errors or warnings. Print the mes‐
	       sages on the console instead.

       --stack-trace-mode {never|query|always}
	       If a stack-trace should be generated in case of fatal signals.

       --pdb-compat-mode {off|on|warn}
	       If the PDB should provide aliases for deprecated functions.

       --batch-interpreter <procedure>
	       Specifies the procedure to use to  process  batch  events.  The
	       default is to let Script-Fu evaluate the commands.

       -b, --batch <command>
	       Execute	<command>  non-interactively.  This  option may appear
	       multiple times.	The <command> is passed to  the	 batch	inter‐
	       preter. When <command> is - the commands are read from standard

       GIMP respects a number of environment variables.

       DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.

	       to get the name	of  the	 personal  GIMP	 directory.  If	 unset
	       .gimp-2.8  is used.  If this is an absolute path, it is used as
	       is.  If it is a relative path, it is taken to be a subdirectory
	       of the home directory.

	       to  get	the  base  location for data files such as brushes and
	       patterns.  If unset ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0 is used.

	       to get the base location for translations. If unset ${dataroot‐
	       dir}/locale is used.

	       to  get	the  base  location for plug-ins and modules. If unset
	       ${exec_prefix}/lib/gimp/2.0 is used.

	       to  get	the  location  of  configuration   files.   If	 unset
	       /etc/gimp/2.0 is used.

	       On Linux GIMP can be compiled with support for binary relocati‐
	       bility.	This will cause data, plug-ins and configuration files
	       to  be searched relative to the location of the gimp executable
	       file unless overridden by the environment  variables  mentioned

       GIMP's  data files are stored in ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0, where ${data‐
       rootdir} is set on install, but is typically /usr/share. GIMP's system-
       wide  configuration  files are stored in /etc/gimp/2.0, where ${prefix}
       is typically /usr.

       Most  GIMP  configuration  is  read  in	from  the  user's  init	 file,
       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimprc.	The  system wide equivalent is in /etc/gimprc.
       The system wide file is parsed first and the user gimprc	 can  override
       the  system settings.  /etc/gimprc_user is the default gimprc placed in
       users' home directories the first time GIMP is run.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/devicerc - holds settings for  input  devices  together
       with  the  tool, colors, brush, pattern and gradient associated to that

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gtkrc - users set of  GIMP-specific  GTK+  config  set‐
       tings. Options such as widget color and fonts sizes can be set here.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/gtkrc  -  system  wide  default set of GIMP-specific GTK+
       config settings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/menurc - user's set of keybindings.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/parasiterc - Stores all persistent GIMP parasites. This
       file will be rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/sessionrc - This file takes session-specific info (that
       is info, you want to keep between two GIMP sessions). You are not  sup‐
       posed  to edit it manually, but of course you can do. This file will be
       entirely rewritten every time you quit GIMP. If this file isn't	found,
       defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/templaterc - Image templates are kept in this file. New
       images can conveniently created from  these  templates.	If  this  file
       isn't found, defaults are used.

       /etc/gimp/2.0/unitrc - default user unit database. It contains the unit
       definitions for centimeters, meters, feet,  yards,  typographic	points
       and typographic picas and is placed in users home directories the first
       time GIMP is ran. If this file isn't found, defaults are used.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/unitrc - This file contains your	 user  unit  database.
       You  can modify this list with the unit editor. You are not supposed to
       edit it manually, but of course you can do.  This file will be entirely
       rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/plug-ins - location of user installed plug-ins.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/pluginrc	 -  plug-in  initialization  values are stored
       here. This file is parsed on startup and regenerated if need be.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/modules - location of user installed modules.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/tmp - default location  that  GIMP  uses	 as  temporary

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/brushes - system wide brush files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/brushes - user created and installed brush files. These
       files are in the .gbr, .gih or .vbr file formats.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/curves - Curve profiles and presets as saved  from  the
       Curves tool.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimpressionist  -  Presets and user created brushes and
       papers are stored here.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/levels - Level profiles and presets as saved  from  the
       Levels tool.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/palettes - the system wide palette files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/palettes	 -  user  created  and modified palette files.
       This files are in the .gpl format.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/patterns - basic set of	patterns  for  use  in

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/patterns	 -  user  created  and	installed gimp pattern
       files. This files are in the .pat format.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gradients - standard system wide set of	gradi‐
       ent files.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gradients - user created and installed gradient files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/scripts - system wide directory of scripts used
       in Script-Fu and other scripting extensions.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/scripts - user created and installed scripts.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gflares - system wide  directory	 used  by  the
       gflare plug-in.

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gflares - user created and installed gflare files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gfig  -	system wide directory used by the gfig

       $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gfig - user created and installed gfig files.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-splash.png - the default image used
       for the GIMP splash screen.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-logo.png  -	image used in the GIMP
       about dialog.

       ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/tips/gimp-tips.xml - tips as displayed  in  the
       "Tip of the Day" dialog box.

       GIMP  comes  with  a  default image for the splash screen but it allows
       system administrators and users to customize the splash screen by  pro‐
       viding  other  images.  The  image to be used with the splash screen is
       chosen as follows:

       1.     GIMP tries to load a random splash  screen  from	the  directory

       2.     It then falls back to using $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimp-splash.png.

       3.     If  the  user  didn't install any custom splash images, a random
	      image is picked from ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/splashes.

       4.     As a last resort, GIMP uses the default splash image located  at

       Any  bugs  found	 should	 be reported to the online bug-tracking system
       available on the web at  Before  reporting
       bugs, please check to see if the bug has already been reported.

       When  reporting GIMP bugs, it is important to include a reliable way to
       reproduce the bug, version number of GIMP (and probably GTK+), OS  name
       and  version,  and  any	relevant hardware specs. If a bug is causing a
       crash, it is very useful if a stack  trace  can	be  provided.  And  of
       course, patches to rectify the bug are even better.

       The canonical place to find GIMP info is at  Here
       you can find links to just about many other GIMP sites, tutorials, data
       sets, mailing list archives, and more.

       There  is  also	a  GIMP User Manual available at
       that goes into much more detail about the interactive use of GIMP.

       The latest versions of GIMP and the GTK+ libs are always	 available  at

       Spencer Kimball, Peter Mattis and the GIMP Development Team.

       With patches, fixes, plug-ins, extensions, scripts, translations, docu‐
       mentation and more from lots and lots of people all over the world.

       gimprc(5), gimptool(1),

Version 2.8.10			 March 23 2008			       GIMP(1)

List of man pages available for ElementaryOS

Copyright (c) for man pages and the logo by the respective OS vendor.

For those who want to learn more, the polarhome community provides shell access and support.

[legal] [privacy] [GNU] [policy] [cookies] [netiquette] [sponsors] [FAQ]
Polarhome, production since 1999.
Member of Polarhome portal.
Based on Fawad Halim's script.
Vote for polarhome
Free Shell Accounts :: the biggest list on the net