groff man page on 4.4BSD
groff - front end for the groff document formatting system
groff [ -tpeszaivhblCENRVXZ ] [ -wname ] [ -Wname ] [ -mname ] [ -Fdir
] [ -Tdev ] [ -ffam ] [ -Mdir ] [ -dcs ] [ -rcn ] [ -nnum ] [ -olist ]
[ -Parg ] [ files... ]
groff is a front-end to the groff document formatting system. Normally
it runs the @g@troff program and a postprocessor appropriate for the
selected device. Available devices are:
ps For PostScript printers and previewers
dvi For TeX dvi format
X75 For a 75 dpi X11 previewer
X100 For a 100dpi X11 previewer
ascii For typewriter-like devices
latin1 For typewriter-like devices using the ISO Latin-1 character set.
The postprocessor to be used for a device is specified by the postpro
command in the device description file. This can be overridden with
the -X option.
The default device is @DEVICE@. It can optionally preprocess with any
of @g@pic, @g@eqn, @g@tbl, @g@refer, or @g@soelim.
Options without an argument can be grouped behind a single -. A file‐
name of - denotes the standard input.
The grog command can be used to guess the correct groff command to use
to format a file.
-h Print a help message.
-e Preprocess with @g@eqn.
-t Preprocess with @g@tbl.
-p Preprocess with @g@pic.
-s Preprocess with @g@soelim.
-R Preprocess with @g@refer. No mechanism is provided for passing
arguments to @g@refer because most @g@refer options have equiva‐
lent commands which can be included in the file. See
@g@refer(@MAN1EXT@) for more details.
-v Make programs run by groff print out their version number.
-V Print the pipeline on stdout instead of executing it.
-z Suppress output from @g@troff. Only error messages will be
-Z Do not postprocess the output of @g@troff. Normally groff will
automatically run the appropriate postprocessor.
-Parg Pass arg to the postprocessor. Each argument should be passed
with a separate -P option. Note that groff does not prepend -
to arg before passing it to the postprocessor.
-l Send the output to a printer. The command used for this is
specified by the print command in the device description file.
-Larg Pass arg to the spooler. Each argument should be passed with a
separate -L option. Note that groff does not prepend - to arg
before passing it to the postprocessor.
-Tdev Prepare output for device dev. The default device is @DEVICE@.
-X Preview with gxditview instead of using the usual postprocessor.
This is unlikely to produce good results except with -Tps.
-N Don't allow newlines with eqn delimiters. This is the same as
the -N option in @g@eqn.
-nnum These are as described in @g@troff(@MAN1EXT@).
If this is set X, then groff will run Xtroff instead of
@g@troff. This also applies to tbl, pic, eqn, refer and soelim.
It does not apply to grops, grodvi, grotty and gxditview.
A colon separated list of directories in which to search for
A colon separated list of directories in which to search for the
PATH The search path for commands executed by groff.
The directory in which temporary files will be created. If this
is not set and TMPDIR is set, temporary files will be created in
that directory. Otherwise temporary files will be created in
/tmp. The grops(@MAN1EXT@) and @g@refer(@MAN1EXT@) commands can
create temporary files.
@FONTDIR@/devname/DESC Device description file for device name.
@FONTDIR@/devname/F Font file for font F of device name.
James Clark <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Report bugs to email@example.com. Include a complete, self-
contained example that will allow the bug to be reproduced, and say
which version of groff you are using.
Copyright © 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
groff is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
groff is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
with groff; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
The most recent released version of groff is always available for
anonymous ftp from prep.ai.mit.edu (18.104.22.168) in the directory
grog(@MAN1EXT@), @g@troff(@MAN1EXT@), @g@tbl(@MAN1EXT@),
@g@pic(@MAN1EXT@), @g@eqn(@MAN1EXT@), @g@soelim(@MAN1EXT@),
@g@refer(@MAN1EXT@), grops(@MAN1EXT@), grodvi(@MAN1EXT@),
grotty(@MAN1EXT@), gxditview(@MAN1EXT@), groff_font(@MAN5EXT@),
groff_out(@MAN5EXT@), groff_ms(@MAN7EXT@), groff_me(@MAN7EXT@),
Groff Version @VERSION@ @MDATE@ GROFF(@MAN1EXT@)
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