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GROFF_MS(7)							   GROFF_MS(7)

NAME
       groff_ms - groff ms macros

SYNOPSIS
       groff -ms [ options...  ] [ files...  ]
       groff -m ms [ options...	 ] [ files...  ]

DESCRIPTION
       This  manual  page describes the GNU version of the ms macros, which is
       part of the groff document formatting system.  The groff ms macros  are
       intended	 to be compatible with the documented behaviour of the 4.3 BSD
       Unix ms macros subject to the following limitations:

       ·      the internals of groff ms are not similar to  the	 internals  of
	      Unix ms and so documents that depend upon implementation details
	      of Unix ms may well not work with groff ms;

       ·      there is no support for typewriter-like devices;

       ·      Berkeley localisms, in particular the TM and CT macros, are  not
	      implemented;

       ·      groff ms does not provide cut marks;

       ·      multiple	line  spacing  is  not	allowed (use a larger vertical
	      spacing instead);

       ·      groff ms does not work in compatibility mode  (eg	 with  the  -C
	      option);

       ·      the  error-handling  policy  of groff ms is to detect and report
	      errors, rather than silently to ignore them.

       The groff ms macros make use of many features of GNU troff  and	there‐
       fore cannot be used with any other troff.

       Bell  Labs localisms are not implemented in either the BSD ms macros or
       in the groff ms macros.

       Some Unix ms documentation says that the CW and GW number registers can
       be  used	 to  control  the  column width and gutter width respectively.
       This is not the case.  These number registers are not used in groff ms.

       Macros that cause a reset set  the  indent.   Macros  that  change  the
       indent  do  not	increment  or  decrement the indent, but rather set it
       absolutely.  This can cause problems for documents  that	 define	 addi‐
       tional  macros of their own.  The solution is to use not the in request
       but instead the RS and RE macros.

       The number register GS is set to 1 by the groff ms macros, but  is  not
       used by the Unix ms macros.  It is intended that documents that need to
       determine whether they are being formatted with Unix  ms	 or  groff  ms
       make use of this number register.

       Footnotes  are implemented so that they can safely be used within keeps
       and displays.  Automatically numbered footnotes within  floating	 keeps
       are  not recommended.  It is safe to have another \** between a \** and
       the corresponding .FS; it is required only that each  .FS  occur	 after
       the  corresponding  \** and that the occurrences of .FS are in the same
       order as the corresponding occurrences of \**.

       The strings \*{ and \*} can be used to begin and end a superscript.

       Some Unix V10 ms features are implemented.  The B, I and BI macros  can
       have  an	 optional  third argument which will be printed in the current
       font before the first argument.	There  is  a  macro  CW	 like  B  that
       changes to a constant-width font.

       The  following strings can be redefined to adapt the groff ms macros to
       languages other than English:

       String	   Default Value
       REFERENCES  References
       ABSTRACT	   ABSTRACT
       TOC	   Table of Contents
       MONTH1	   January
       MONTH2	   February
       MONTH3	   March
       MONTH4	   April
       MONTH5	   May
       MONTH6	   June
       MONTH7	   July
       MONTH8	   August
       MONTH9	   September
       MONTH10	   October
       MONTH11	   November
       MONTH12	   December

       The font family is reset from the string FAM; at initialization if this
       string  is  undefined  it is set to the current font family.  The point
       size, vertical spacing, and inter-paragraph spacing for	footnotes  are
       taken  from  the	 number registers FPS, FVS, and FPD; at initialization
       these are set to \n(PS-2, \n[FPS]+2, and \n(PD/2 respectively; however,
       if  any	of  these registers has been defined before initialization, it
       will not be set.	 The hyphenation flags (as set by the .hy request) are
       set  from  the HY register; if this has not been defined at initializa‐
       tion, it will be set to 14.

       Right-aligned displays are available with .DS R and .RD.

       The following conventions are used for names  of	 macros,  strings  and
       number  registers.   External names available to documents that use the
       groff ms macros contain only uppercase letters and digits.   Internally
       the macros are divided into modules.  Names used only within one module
       are of the form module*name.  Names used outside the  module  in	 which
       they  are defined are of the form module@name.  Names associated with a
       particular environment are of the form environment:name; these are used
       only  within  the  par  module, and name does not have a module prefix.
       Constructed names used to implement arrays are of the form array!index.
       Thus the groff ms macros reserve the following names:

       ·      names containing *;

       ·      names containing @;

       ·      names containing :;

       ·      names containing only uppercase letters and digits.

FILES
       /freeware/gnu-tools/share/groff/1.17.2/tmac/ms.tmac (a wrapper file for
       s.tmac)
       /freeware/gnu-tools/share/groff/1.17.2/tmac/s.tmac

SEE ALSO
       groff(1), gtroff(1), gtbl(1), gpic(1), geqn(1)
       ms(7)

Groff Version 1.17.2		 27 June 2001			   GROFF_MS(7)
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