hardening-check man page on ElementaryOS

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HARDENING-CHECK(1)    User Contributed Perl Documentation   HARDENING-CHECK(1)

       hardening-check - check binaries for security hardening features

       hardening-check [options] [ELF ...]

       Examine a given set of ELF binaries and check for several security
       hardening features, failing if they are not all found.

       This utility checks a given list of ELF binaries for several security
       hardening features that can be compiled into an executable. These
       features are:

       Position Independent Executable
	       This indicates that the executable was built in such a way
	       (PIE) that the "text" section of the program can be relocated
	       in memory. To take full advantage of this feature, the
	       executing kernel must support text Address Space Layout
	       Randomization (ASLR).

       Stack Protected
	       This indicates that there is evidence that the ELF was compiled
	       with the gcc(1) option -fstack-protector (e.g. uses
	       __stack_chk_fail). The program will be resistant to having its
	       stack overflowed.

	       When an executable was built without any character arrays being
	       allocated on the stack, this check will lead to false alarms
	       (since there is no use of __stack_chk_fail), even though it was
	       compiled with the correct options.

       Fortify Source functions
	       This indicates that the executable was compiled with
	       -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 and -O1 or higher. This causes certain
	       unsafe glibc functions with their safer counterparts (e.g.
	       strncpy instead of strcpy), or replaces calls that are
	       verifiable at runtime with the runtime-check version (e.g.
	       __memcpy_chk insteade of memcpy).

	       When an executable was built such that the fortified versions
	       of the glibc functions are not useful (e.g. use is verified as
	       safe at compile time, or use cannot be verified at runtime),
	       this check will lead to false alarms.  In an effort to mitigate
	       this, the check will pass if any fortified function is found,
	       and will fail if only unfortified functions are found.
	       Uncheckable conditions also pass (e.g. no functions that could
	       be fortified are found, or not linked against glibc).

       Read-only relocations
	       This indicates that the executable was build with -Wl,-z,relro
	       to have ELF markings (RELRO) that ask the runtime linker to
	       mark any regions of the relocation table as "read-only" if they
	       were resolved before execution begins. This reduces the
	       possible areas of memory in a program that can be used by an
	       attacker that performs a successful memory corruption exploit.

       Immediate binding
	       This indicates that the executable was built with -Wl,-z,now to
	       have ELF markings (BIND_NOW) that ask the runtime linker to
	       resolve all relocations before starting program execution. When
	       combined with RELRO above, this further reduces the regions of
	       memory available to memory corruption attacks.

       --nopie, -p
	       No not require that the checked binaries be built as PIE.

       --nostackprotector, -s
	       No not require that the checked binaries be built with the
	       stack protector.

       --nofortify, -f
	       No not require that the checked binaries be built with Fority

       --norelro, -r
	       No not require that the checked binaries be built with RELRO.

       --nobindnow, -b
	       No not require that the checked binaries be built with

       --quiet, -q
	       Only report failures.

       --verbose, -v
	       Report verbosely on failures.

       --report-functions, -R
	       After the report, display all external functions needed by the

       --find-libc-functions, -F
	       Instead of the regular report, locate the libc for the first
	       ELF on the command line and report all the known "fortified"
	       functions exported by libc.

       --color, -c
	       Enable colorized status output.

       --lintian, -l
	       Switch reporting to lintian-check-parsable output.

       --debug Report some debugging during processing.

       --help, -h, -?
	       Print a brief help message and exit.

       --man, -H
	       Print the manual page and exit.

       When all checked binaries have all checkable hardening features
       detected, this program will finish with an exit code of 0. If any check
       fails, the exit code with be 1. Individual checks can be disabled via
       command line options.

       Kees Cook <kees@debian.org>

       Copyright 2009-2013 Kees Cook <kees@debian.org>.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
       Free Software Foundation; version 2 or later.

       gcc(1), hardening-wrapper(1)

perl v5.18.2			  2013-09-13		    HARDENING-CHECK(1)

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