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hier(7)								       hier(7)

Name
       hier - file system hierarchy

Description
       The  following  is  a  brief  description of the root file system.  The
       major directory hierarchy and representative files are listed.

       Symbolic links can be included in the files to provide backward compat‐
       ibility. To display the links, type:
       % ls -l

       See the Guide to Disk Maintenance for more detailed information.

       /       Directory  for  root file system. This file system is separated
	       into nonsharable data (root  (/))  and  sharable	 data  (/usr).
	       These  two  file	 systems  are  each divided into the following
	       types: static data, variable data, and executable data.

       /bin    Directory for the single user executable data files.

       /bin/init
	       Parent of all processes,

       /bin/mount
	       Mount program,

       /dev    Directory for devices.
		  MAKEDEV Shell script to create special files
		  MAKEDEV.local
			  Site-specific part of MAKEDEV
		  console Main console,
		  hp*	  disks,
		  rhp*	  Raw disks,
		  ra*	  UNIBUS disks,
		  tty*	  Terminals,
		       .
		       .
		       .

       /etc    Directory for the machine-specific static data files and	 shell
	       scripts for booting.
		  crontab   System clock daemon table,
		  disktab   Disk characteristics and partition tables,
		  fstab	    File system configuration table,
		  group	    Group file,
		  hosts	    Host name-to-network address mapping file,
		  motd	    Message-of-the-day file,
		  networks  Network name-to-network number mapping file,
		  passwd    Password file,
		  protocols Name-to-number mapping file,
		  rc	    Shell script to bring the system to multiuser mode
		  rc.local  Site-dependent portion of rc
		  remote    Names and description of remote hosts for and
		  services  Network services definition file,
		  termcap   Description of terminal capabilities,
		  ttys	    Properties of terminals,
		       .
		       .
		       .

       /lib    Symbolic link to

       /lost+found
	       Directory for connecting detached files for

       /sys    Symbolic link, normally to

       /tmp    Directory for temporary files (see also
		  e*	 Used by
		  ctm*	 Used by
		       .
		       .
		       .

       /usr    General purpose directory, on which the file system is normally
	       mounted (see description that follows).

       /var    Directory for variable length files, such as spool, administra‐
	       tive,  and  temporary files. These files can also be located in
	       See the Guide to Disk Maintenance.

       /vmunix Kernel image

       The directory contains the sharable data.  The  following  is  a	 brief
       description of the file system.	The major directory hierarchy and rep‐
       resentative files are listed.

       /usr	 Root directory for file system.

       /usr/adm	 Directory for administrative information, which is now a sym‐
		 bolic link to
		    crash   Directory for crash dumps
		    vmcore.?,vmunix.?	Crash dump files
		    lpacct  Line printer accounting,
		    tracct  Phototypesetter accounting,
		    vaacct, vpacct
			    Varian and Versatec accounting for
		    wtmp    Login history,
			 .
			 .
			 .

       /usr/bin	 Directory  for	 the  shared  executable data files, including
		 utility programs and Shell scripts.
		    as	 assembler
		    cc	 C compiler executive (see also and
		    csh	 C shell
			 .
			 .
			 .

       /usr/dict Directory for word lists.
		    spellhist History file,
		    words     Word list,
			 .
			 .
			 .

       /usr/doc	 Directories containing files for the Vol.2 documentation.
		    as	 Assembler manual
		    c	 C manual
			 .
			 .
			 .

       /usr/etc	 Directory for utility programs and shell scripts.

       /usr/etc/cron
		 Clock daemon,

       /usr/etc/dump
		 Dump program,

       /usr/examples
		 A directory where components of the base system and Digital's
		 separately   licensed	products  can  locate  code  examples,
		 scripts, and demos for customers to use.  A typical use is to
		 complement printed documentation.

       /usr/games
		 Directory for games.
		    hangman   Hangman game
		    lib	      Library directory for games
			 .
			 .
			 .

       /usr/etc/getty
		 Part of login,

       /usr/include
		 Directory for standard #include files.
		    a.out.h  Object file layout,
		    math.h
		    stdio.h  Standard I/O,
		    sys	     Symbolic  link  to	 (system  generation  #include
			     files)
			 .
			 .
			 .

       /usr/lib	 Directory for the shared static data files,  such  as	object
		 libraries.
		    atrun   System scheduler,
		    ccom    C compiler proper
		    cpp	    C preprocessor
		    c2	    C code improver
		    libc.a  System calls and standard I/O (2,3,3S)
		    font    Directory for fonts
		    lint    Directory for utility files for
		    tmac    Directory for and macros
		    units   Data file of conversion tables for
		    uucp    Directory for programs and data
			 .
			 .
			 .

       /usr/man	 Directory for unformatted and preformatted reference (manual)
		 pages.
		    cat1    Section 1 (preformatted)
		    cat2    Section 2 (preformatted)
		    cat3    Section 3 (preformatted)
			 .
			 .
			 .
		    man1    Section 1 (unformatted)
		    man2    Section 2 (unformatted)
		    man3    Section 3 (unformatted)
			 .
			 .
			 .

       /usr/mdec Directory for ULTRIX boot files.

       /usr/msgs Directory for messages,

       /usr/new	 Directory for binaries of new versions of programs.

       /usr/preserve
		 Directory  for	 editor	 files	preserved  after  crashes   or
		 hangups.

       /usr/skel Directory for sample user startup files
		    .cshrc   Startup file for
		    .login   Login startup file for
		    .mailrc  Startup file for
		    .profile Startup file for
		    .project Lists information used by

       /usr/spool
		 Directory  for	 delayed  execution files, which is now a sym‐
		 bolic link to
		    at	 Directory used by
		    lpd	 Directory used by
			    lock Present when line printer is active
			    cf*	 Copy of file to be printed, if necessary
			    df*	 Daemon control file,
			    tf*	 Transient control file (exists while is work‐
				 ing)
		    mail  Mailboxes for
			    name	Mail file for user name
			    name.lock	Lock   file   (exists  while  name  is
					receiving mail)
		    uucp  Work files and staging area for
			    LOGFILE	Summary log

       /usr/src	 Generic sources.
		    usr.bin User sources
			      troff and sources
			      term  Directory of  description  files  for  new
				    printers

       /usr/sys	 Directory for system files.
		    BINARY    System object files,
		    cassette  Files for boot cassette
		    conf      Configuration files,
		    data      Drive partition tables
		    floppy    Files for floppy disk
		    h	      files
		    mdec      Headers for 11/750 boot blocks
		    net	      General network files
		    netimp    IMP network files
		    netinet   DARPA internet network files
		    netpup    PUP network files
		    stand     Standalone boot binaries
		    sys	      Machine-dependent system files
		    vax	      VAX-specific system files
		    vaxif     Network interface drivers for the VAX
		    vaxmba    Drivers for devices on the MASSBUS
		    vaxuba    Drivers for devices on the UNIBUS

       /usr/tmp	 Symbolic link to

See Also
       apropos(1),  find(1), finger(1), grep(1), ls(1), whatis(1), whereis(1),
       which(1), crontab(5), ncheck(8)
       Guide to Disk Maintenance

				      VAX			       hier(7)
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