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infocmp(1M)							   infocmp(1M)

       infocmp - compare or print out terminfo descriptions

       infocmp [-1CDEFGIKLTUVcdegilnpqrtux]
	     [-v n] [-s d| i| l| c] [-R subset]
	     [-w width] [-A directory] [-B directory]

       infocmp	can be used to compare a binary terminfo entry with other ter‐
       minfo entries, rewrite a terminfo description to take advantage of  the
       use=  terminfo  field,  or  print  out  a terminfo description from the
       binary file (term) in a variety of formats.  In all cases, the  boolean
       fields  will be printed first, followed by the numeric fields, followed
       by the string fields.

   Default Options
       If no options are specified and zero or one  termnames  are  specified,
       the -I option will be assumed.  If more than one termname is specified,
       the -d option will be assumed.

   Comparison Options [-d] [-c] [-n]
       infocmp	compares  the  terminfo	 description  of  the  first  terminal
       termname	 with  each  of	 the descriptions given by the entries for the
       other terminal's termnames.  If a capability is defined for only one of
       the  terminals, the value returned will depend on the type of the capa‐
       bility: F for boolean variables, -1 for integer variables, and NULL for
       string variables.

       The  -d	option	produces  a  list of each capability that is different
       between two entries.  This option is  useful  to	 show  the  difference
       between two entries, created by different people, for the same or simi‐
       lar terminals.

       The -c option produces a list of each capability that is common between
       two  or more entries.  Capabilities that are not set are ignored.  This
       option can be used as a quick check to see if the -u  option  is	 worth

       The -n option produces a list of each capability that is in none of the
       given entries.  If no termnames are  given,  the	 environment  variable
       TERM  will  be  used  for both of the termnames.	 This can be used as a
       quick check to see if anything was left out of a description.

   Source Listing Options [-I] [-L] [-C] [-r]
       The -I, -L, and -C options will produce a source listing for each  ter‐
       minal named.

	    -I	 use the terminfo names
	    -L	 use the long C variable name listed in <term.h>
	    -C	 use the termcap names
	    -r	 when using -C, put out all capabilities in termcap form
	    -K	 modifies the -C option, improving BSD-compatibility.

       If  no  termnames are given, the environment variable TERM will be used
       for the terminal name.

       The source produced by the -C option may be used directly as a  termcap
       entry,  but not all parameterized strings can be changed to the termcap
       format.	infocmp will attempt to	 convert  most	of  the	 parameterized
       information,  and  anything not converted will be plainly marked in the
       output and commented out.  These should be edited by hand.

       For best results when converting to termcap format, you should use both
       -C  and	-r.   Normally a termcap description is limited to 1023 bytes.
       infocmp trims away less essential parts to make it  fit.	  If  you  are
       converting to one of the (rare) termcap implementations which accept an
       unlimited size of termcap, you may want to add  the  -T	option.	  More
       often  however,	you  must  help	 the  termcap implementation, and trim
       excess whitespace (use the -0 option for that).

       All padding information for strings  will  be  collected	 together  and
       placed at the beginning of the string where termcap expects it.	Manda‐
       tory padding (padding information with  a  trailing  '/')  will	become

       All  termcap  variables	no longer supported by terminfo, but which are
       derivable from other terminfo variables, will be output.	 Not all  ter‐
       minfo  capabilities will be translated; only those variables which were
       part of termcap will normally be output.	 Specifying the -r option will
       take  off  this	restriction, allowing all capabilities to be output in
       termcap form.  Normally you would use both the -C and -r options.   The
       actual  format  used incorporates some improvements for escaped charac‐
       ters from terminfo format.  For a stricter BSD-compatible  translation,
       use the -K option rather than -C.

       Note that because padding is collected to the beginning of the capabil‐
       ity, not all capabilities are output.  Mandatory padding	 is  not  sup‐
       ported.	 Because termcap strings are not as flexible, it is not always
       possible to convert a terminfo string  capability  into	an  equivalent
       termcap	format.	 A subsequent conversion of the termcap file back into
       terminfo format will not necessarily reproduce  the  original  terminfo

       Some  common  terminfo  parameter sequences, their termcap equivalents,
       and some terminal types which commonly have such sequences, are:

	   terminfo		       termcap	 Representative Terminals
	   %p1%c		       %.	 adm
	   %p1%d		       %d	 hp, ANSI standard, vt100
	   %p1%'x'%+%c		       %+x	 concept
	   %i			       %iq	 ANSI standard, vt100
	   %p1%?%'x'%>%t%p1%'y'%+%;    %>xy	 concept
	   %p2 is printed before %p1   %r	 hp

   Use= Option [-u]
       The -u option produces a terminfo source description of the first  ter‐
       minal  termname	which is relative to the sum of the descriptions given
       by the entries for the other terminals termnames.  It does this by ana‐
       lyzing  the  differences	 between  the  first  termname	and  the other
       termnames and producing a description with use= fields  for  the	 other
       terminals.  In this manner, it is possible to retrofit generic terminfo
       entries into a terminal's description.  Or, if  two  similar  terminals
       exist, but were coded at different times or by different people so that
       each description is a full description, using infocmp  will  show  what
       can be done to change one description to be relative to the other.

       A  capability  will  get	 printed  with	an at-sign (@) if it no longer
       exists in the first termname, but one of	 the  other  termname  entries
       contains	 a  value  for	it.   A capability's value gets printed if the
       value in the first termname is not found in any of the  other  termname
       entries,	 or  if	 the first of the other termname entries that has this
       capability gives a different value for the capability than that in  the
       first termname.

       The order of the other termname entries is significant.	Since the ter‐
       minfo compiler tic does a left-to-right scan of the capabilities, spec‐
       ifying  two  use=  entries  that contain differing entries for the same
       capabilities will produce different results depending on the order that
       the  entries  are given in.  infocmp will flag any such inconsistencies
       between the other termname entries as they are found.

       Alternatively, specifying a capability after a use= entry that contains
       that  capability	 will  cause  the  second specification to be ignored.
       Using infocmp to recreate a description can be a useful check  to  make
       sure  that  everything  was  specified correctly in the original source

       Another error that does not cause incorrect compiled  files,  but  will
       slow  down  the	compilation time, is specifying extra use= fields that
       are superfluous.	 infocmp will flag any other termname use= fields that
       were not needed.

   Changing Databases [-A directory] [-B directory]
       Like  other  ncurses utilities, infocmp looks for the terminal descrip‐
       tions in several places.	 You can use the  TERMINFO  and	 TERMINFO_DIRS
       environment  variables  to  override  the  compiled-in  default list of
       places to search (see curses(3X) for details).

       You can also use the options -A and -B to override the list  of	places
       to search when comparing terminal descriptions:

       ·   The -A option sets the location for the first termname

       ·   The -B option sets the location for the other termnames.

       Using  these options, it is possible to compare descriptions for a ter‐
       minal with the same name	 located  in  two  different  databases.   For
       instance,  you  can use this feature for comparing descriptions for the
       same terminal created by different people.

   Other Options
       -0   causes the fields to be printed on one line, without wrapping.

       -1   causes the fields to be printed out one to a line.	Otherwise, the
	    fields  will be printed several to a line to a maximum width of 60

       -a   tells infocmp to retain  commented-out  capabilities  rather  than
	    discarding	them.	Capabilities  are  commented by prefixing them
	    with a period.

       -D   tells infocmp to print the database locations that it knows about,
	    and exit.

       -E   Dump  the  capabilities of the given terminal as tables, needed in
	    the C initializer for a TERMTYPE structure (the terminal  capabil‐
	    ity structure in the <term.h>).  This option is useful for prepar‐
	    ing versions of the curses library hardwired for a given  terminal
	    type.  The tables are all declared static, and are named according
	    to the type and the name of the corresponding terminal entry.

	    Before ncurses 5.0, the split between the -e and  -E  options  was
	    not	 needed;  but  support	for extended names required making the
	    arrays of terminal capabilities separate from the TERMTYPE	struc‐

       -e   Dump the capabilities of the given terminal as a C initializer for
	    a TERMTYPE structure (the terminal	capability  structure  in  the
	    <term.h>).	 This  option  is useful for preparing versions of the
	    curses library hardwired for a given terminal type.

       -F   compare terminfo files.  This assumes that two following arguments
	    are	 filenames.   The  files  are  searched	 for  pairwise matches
	    between entries, with two entries considered to match  if  any  of
	    their  names  do.	The  report  printed  to standard output lists
	    entries with no matches in the other file, and entries  with  more
	    than  one match.  For entries with exactly one match it includes a
	    difference report.	Normally, to reduce the volume of the  report,
	    use	 references  are  not resolved before looking for differences,
	    but resolution can be forced by also specifying -r.

       -f   Display complex terminfo strings which contain  if/then/else/endif
	    expressions indented for readability.

       -G   Display  constant literals in decimal form rather than their char‐
	    acter equivalents.

       -g   Display constant character literals in  quoted  form  rather  than
	    their decimal equivalents.

       -i   Analyze  the  initialization (is1, is2, is3), and reset (rs1, rs2,
	    rs3), strings in the entry.	 For each string, the  code  tries  to
	    analyze  it into actions in terms of the other capabilities in the
	    entry, certain X3.64/ISO 6429/ECMA-48  capabilities,  and  certain
	    DEC	 VT-series  private  modes  (the  set  of  recognized  special
	    sequences has been selected for  completeness  over	 the  existing
	    terminfo  database).   Each report line consists of the capability
	    name, followed by a colon  and  space,  followed  by  a  printable
	    expansion  of  the capability string with sections matching recog‐
	    nized actions translated into {}-bracketed descriptions.  Here  is
	    a list of the DEC/ANSI special sequences recognized: i.

			 Action	       Meaning
			 RIS	       full reset
			 SC	       save cursor
			 RC	       restore cursor
			 LL	       home-down
			 RSR	       reset scroll region
			 DECSTR	       soft reset (VT320)
			 S7C1T	       7-bit controls (VT220)
			 ISO DEC G0    enable DEC graphics for G0
			 ISO UK G0     enable UK chars for G0
			 ISO US G0     enable US chars for G0
			 ISO DEC G1    enable DEC graphics for G1
			 ISO UK G1     enable UK chars for G1
			 ISO US G1     enable US chars for G1
			 DECPAM	       application keypad mode
			 DECPNM	       normal keypad mode
			 DECANSI       enter ANSI mode
			 ECMA[+-]AM    keyboard action mode
			 ECMA[+-]IRM   insert replace mode
			 ECMA[+-]SRM   send receive mode
			 ECMA[+-]LNM   linefeed mode
			 DEC[+-]CKM    application cursor keys
			 DEC[+-]ANM    set VT52 mode
			 DEC[+-]COLM   132-column mode
			 DEC[+-]SCLM   smooth scroll
			 DEC[+-]SCNM   reverse video mode
			 DEC[+-]OM     origin mode
			 DEC[+-]AWM    wraparound mode

			 DEC[+-]ARM    auto-repeat mode

	    It	 also  recognizes  a  SGR  action  corresponding  to  ANSI/ISO
	    6429/ECMA Set Graphics Rendition, with the	values	NORMAL,	 BOLD,
	    UNDERLINE,	BLINK,	and  REVERSE.	All but NORMAL may be prefixed
	    with `+' (turn on) or `-' (turn off).

       An SGR0 designates an empty highlight sequence (equivalent to {SGR:NOR‐

       -l   Set output format to terminfo.

       -p   Ignore padding specifications when comparing strings.

       -q   Make  the  comparison listing shorter by omitting subheadings, and
	    using "-" for absent capabilities, "@" for	canceled  rather  than

	    Restrict  output  to  a given subset.  This option is for use with
	    archaic versions of terminfo like those on SVr1, Ultrix, or	 HP/UX
	    that  do not support the full set of SVR4/XSI Curses terminfo; and
	    variants such as AIX that have their own  extensions  incompatible
	    with  SVr4/XSI.   Available terminfo subsets are "SVr1", "Ultrix",
	    "HP", and "AIX"; see terminfo(5) for details.  You can also choose
	    the	 subset	 "BSD"	which  selects	only capabilities with termcap
	    equivalents recognized by 4.4BSD.

       -s [d|i|l|c]
	    The -s option sorts the fields within each type according  to  the
	    argument below:

	    d	 leave	fields	in  the order that they are stored in the ter‐
		 minfo database.

	    i	 sort by terminfo name.

	    l	 sort by the long C variable name.

	    c	 sort by the termcap name.

	    If the -s option is not given, the	fields	printed	 out  will  be
	    sorted  alphabetically  by	the  terminfo  name  within each type,
	    except in the case of the -C or the -L options,  which  cause  the
	    sorting  to	 be  done  by  the termcap name or the long C variable
	    name, respectively.

       -T   eliminates size-restrictions  on  the  generated  text.   This  is
	    mainly  useful  for	 testing  and  analysis,  since	 the  compiled
	    descriptions are limited (e.g., 1023 for termcap,  4096  for  ter‐

       -t   tells  tic	to  discard commented-out capabilities.	 Normally when
	    translating from terminfo to termcap, untranslatable  capabilities
	    are commented-out.

       -U   tells  infocmp  to	not  post-process  the	data after parsing the
	    source file.  This feature helps when comparing  the  actual  con‐
	    tents  of  two source files, since it excludes the inferences that
	    infocmp makes to fill in missing data.

       -V   reports the version of ncurses which was used in this program, and

       -v n prints  out	 tracing  information on standard error as the program
	    runs.  Higher values of n induce greater verbosity.

       -w width
	    changes the output to width characters.

       -x   print information for user-defined capabilities.  These are exten‐
	    sions  to the terminfo repertoire which can be loaded using the -x
	    option of tic.

       /usr/share/terminfo Compiled terminal description database.

       The -0, -1, -E, -F, -G, -R, -T, -V, -a, -e, -f, -g, -i, -l, -p, -q  and
       -t options are not supported in SVr4 curses.

       The  -r	option's  notion of `termcap' capabilities is System V Release
       4's.  Actual BSD curses versions will have a more restricted  set.   To
       see only the 4.4BSD set, use -r -RBSD.

       The -F option of infocmp(1M) should be a toe(1M) mode.

       captoinfo(1M),	infotocap(1M),	 tic(1M),  toe(1M),  curses(3X),  ter‐

       This describes ncurses version 5.9 (patch 20130511).

       Eric S. Raymond <> and
       Thomas E. Dickey <>


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