ktrace man page on 4.4BSD

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KTRACE(2)		    BSD System Calls Manual		     KTRACE(2)

NAME
     ktrace — process tracing

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/ktrace.h>

     int
     ktrace(const char *tracefile, int ops, int trpoints, int pid);

DESCRIPTION
     The ktrace() function enables or disables tracing of one or more pro‐
     cesses.  Users may only trace their own processes.	 Only the super-user
     can trace setuid or setgid programs.

     The tracefile gives the pathname of the file to be used for tracing.  The
     file must exist and be writable by the calling process.  All trace
     records are always appended to the file, so the file must be truncated to
     zero length to discard previous trace data.  If tracing points are being
     disabled (see KTROP_CLEAR below), tracefile may be NULL.

     The ops parameter specifies the requested ktrace operation.  The defined
     operations are:

	   KTROP_SET		 Enable trace points specified in trpoints.
	   KTROP_CLEAR		 Disable trace points specified in trpoints.
	   KTROP_CLEARFILE	 Stop all tracing.
	   KTRFLAG_DESCEND	 The tracing change should apply to the speci‐
				 fied process and all its current children.

     The trpoints parameter specifies the trace points of interest.  The
     defined trace points are:

	   KTRFAC_SYSCALL	Trace system calls.
	   KTRFAC_SYSRET	Trace return values from system calls.
	   KTRFAC_NAMEI		Trace name lookup operations.
	   KTRFAC_GENIO		Trace all I/O (note that this option can gen‐
				erate much output).
	   KTRFAC_PSIG		Trace posted signals.
	   KTRFAC_CSW		Trace context switch points.
	   KTRFAC_INHERIT	Inherit tracing to future children.

     Each tracing event outputs a record composed of a generic header followed
     by a trace point specific structure.  The generic header is:

     struct ktr_header {
	     int     ktr_len;		     /* length of buf */
	     short   ktr_type;		     /* trace record type */
	     pid_t   ktr_pid;		     /* process id */
	     char    ktr_comm[MAXCOMLEN+1];  /* command name */
	     struct  timeval ktr_time;	     /* timestamp */
	     caddr_t ktr_buf;
     };

     The ktr_len field specifies the length of the ktr_type data that follows
     this header.  The ktr_pid and ktr_comm fields specify the process and
     command generating the record.  The ktr_time field gives the time (with
     microsecond resolution) that the record was generated.  The ktr_buf is an
     internal kernel pointer and is not useful.

     The generic header is followed by ktr_len bytes of a ktr_type record.
     The type specific records are defined in the <sys/ktrace.h> include file.

RETURN VALUES
     On successful completion a value of 0 is returned.	 Otherwise, a value of
     -1 is returned and errno is set to show the error.

ERRORS
     Ktrace() will fail if:

     [ENOTDIR]	     A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     [EINVAL]	     The pathname contains a character with the high-order bit
		     set.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]  A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an
		     entire path name exceeded 1023 characters.

     [ENOENT]	     The named tracefile does not exist.

     [EACCES]	     Search permission is denied for a component of the path
		     prefix.

     [ELOOP]	     Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating
		     the pathname.

     [EIO]	     An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to
		     the file system.

SEE ALSO
     ktrace(1), kdump(1)

HISTORY
     A ktrace function call first appeared in 4.4BSD.

4th Berkeley Distribution	 June 4, 1993	     4th Berkeley Distribution
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