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LDAP.CONF(5)							  LDAP.CONF(5)

NAME
       ldap.conf, .ldaprc - LDAP configuration file/environment variables

SYNOPSIS
       /etc/ldap/ldap.conf, ldaprc, .ldaprc, $LDAP<option-name>

DESCRIPTION
       If  the	environment  variable LDAPNOINIT is defined, all defaulting is
       disabled.

       The ldap.conf configuration file is used to set system-wide defaults to
       be applied when running ldap clients.

       Users  may create an optional configuration file, ldaprc or .ldaprc, in
       their home directory which will be used	to  override  the  system-wide
       defaults	 file.	 The  file  ldaprc in the current working directory is
       also used.

       Additional configuration files can be specified using the LDAPCONF  and
       LDAPRC  environment  variables.	 LDAPCONF  may be set to the path of a
       configuration file.  This path can be absolute or relative to the  cur‐
       rent working directory.	The LDAPRC, if defined, should be the basename
       of a file in the current working directory or in the user's home direc‐
       tory.

       Environmental  variables	 may  also  be	used to augment the file based
       defaults.  The name of the variable is the option name  with  an	 added
       prefix  of  LDAP.  For example, to define BASE via the environment, set
       the variable LDAPBASE to the desired value.

       Some options are user-only.  Such options are ignored if present in the
       ldap.conf (or file specified by LDAPCONF).

       Thus the following files and variables are read, in order:
	   variable	$LDAPNOINIT, and if that is not set:
	   system file	/etc/ldap/ldap.conf,
	   user files	$HOME/ldaprc,  $HOME/.ldaprc,  ./ldaprc,
	   system file	$LDAPCONF,
	   user files	$HOME/$LDAPRC, $HOME/.$LDAPRC, ./$LDAPRC,
	   variables	$LDAP<uppercase option name>.
       Settings late in the list override earlier ones.

SYNTAX
       The  configuration options are case-insensitive; their value, on a case
       by case basis, may be case-sensitive.

       Blank lines are ignored.
       Lines beginning with a hash mark (`#') are comments, and ignored.

       Valid lines are made of an option's name	 (a  sequence  of  non-blanks,
       conventionally  written	in uppercase, although not required), followed
       by a value.  The value starts with the first non-blank character	 after
       the  option's  name,  and  terminates at the end of the line, or at the
       last sequence of blanks before the end of the line.   The  tokenization
       of  the	value, if any, is delegated to the handler(s) for that option,
       if any.	Quoting values that contain blanks may be  incorrect,  as  the
       quotes would become part of the value.  For example,

	    # Wrong - erroneous quotes:
	    URI	    "ldap:// ldaps://"

	    # Right - space-separated list of URIs, without quotes:
	    URI	    ldap:// ldaps://

	    # Right - DN syntax needs quoting for Example, Inc:
	    BASE    ou=IT staff,o="Example, Inc",c=US
	    # or:
	    BASE    ou=IT staff,o=Example2C Inc,c=US

	    # Wrong - comment on same line as option:
	    DEREF   never	    # Never follow aliases

       A  line	cannot be longer than LINE_MAX, which should be more than 2000
       bytes on all platforms.	There is no mechanism to split a long line  on
       multiple	 lines,	 either	 for  beautification  or to overcome the above
       limit.

OPTIONS
       The different configuration options are:

       URI <ldap[si]://[name[:port]] ...>
	      Specifies the URI(s) of an LDAP  server(s)  to  which  the  LDAP
	      library  should  connect.	  The  URI  scheme may be any of ldap,
	      ldaps or ldapi, which refer to LDAP  over	 TCP,  LDAP  over  SSL
	      (TLS)  and  LDAP	over  IPC (UNIX domain sockets), respectively.
	      Each server's name can be specified as a domain-style name or an
	      IP  address literal.  Optionally, the server's name can followed
	      by a ':' and the port number the LDAP server  is	listening  on.
	      If  no  port number is provided, the default port for the scheme
	      is used (389 for ldap://, 636 for ldaps://).  For LDAP over IPC,
	      name  is	the  name  of the socket, and no port is required, nor
	      allowed; note that directory  separators	must  be  URL-encoded,
	      like  any	 other	characters  that  are  special to URLs; so the
	      socket

		   /usr/local/var/ldapi

	      must be specified as

		   ldapi://%2Fusr%2Flocal%2Fvar%2Fldapi

	      A space separated list of URIs may be provided.

       BASE <base>
	      Specifies the default base DN to use when performing ldap opera‐
	      tions.   The  base  must be specified as a Distinguished Name in
	      LDAP format.

       BINDDN <dn>
	      Specifies the default bind DN to use when performing ldap opera‐
	      tions.  The bind DN must be specified as a Distinguished Name in
	      LDAP format.  This is a user-only option.

       DEREF <when>
	      Specifies how alias dereferencing	 is  done  when	 performing  a
	      search. The <when> can be specified as one of the following key‐
	      words:

	      never  Aliases are never dereferenced. This is the default.

	      searching
		     Aliases are dereferenced  in  subordinates	 of  the  base
		     object,  but  not	in  locating  the  base	 object of the
		     search.

	      finding
		     Aliases are only  dereferenced  when  locating  the  base
		     object of the search.

	      always Aliases  are dereferenced both in searching and in locat‐
		     ing the base object of the search.

       HOST <name[:port] ...>
	      Specifies the name(s) of an LDAP server(s) to  which  the
	      LDAP  library  should connect.  Each server's name can be
	      specified as a domain-style name or  an  IP  address  and
	      optionally followed by a ':' and the port number the ldap
	      server is listening on.  A space separated list of  hosts
	      may be provided.	HOST is deprecated in favor of URI.

       NETWORK_TIMEOUT <integer>
	      Specifies	 the  timeout  (in  seconds)  after  which  the
	      poll(2)/select(2) following a connect(2) returns in  case
	      of no activity.

       PORT <port>
	      Specifies	 the  default port used when connecting to LDAP
	      servers(s).  The port may be specified as a number.  PORT
	      is deprecated in favor of URI.

       REFERRALS <on/true/yes/off/false/no>
	      Specifies	 if  the  client  should  automatically	 follow
	      referrals returned by LDAP servers.  The default	is  on.
	      Note that the command line tools ldapsearch(1) &co always
	      override this option.

       SIZELIMIT <integer>
	      Specifies a size limit (number of entries)  to  use  when
	      performing searches.  The number should be a non-negative
	      integer.	SIZELIMIT of zero (0) specifies a  request  for
	      unlimited	 search	 size.	Please note that the server may
	      still apply  any	server-side  limit  on	the  amount  of
	      entries that can be returned by a search operation.

       TIMELIMIT <integer>
	      Specifies	 a time limit (in seconds) to use when perform‐
	      ing searches.  The number should be a non-negative  inte‐
	      ger.   TIMELIMIT	of  zero (0) specifies unlimited search
	      time to be used.	Please note that the server  may  still
	      apply  any  server-side limit on the duration of a search
	      operation.  VERSION {2|3} Specifies what version	of  the
	      LDAP protocol should be used.

       TIMEOUT <integer>
	      Specifies	 a  timeout  (in  seconds) after which calls to
	      synchronous LDAP	APIs  will  abort  if  no  response  is
	      received.	 Also used for any ldap_result(3) calls where a
	      NULL timeout parameter is supplied.

SASL OPTIONS
       If OpenLDAP is built with  Simple  Authentication  and  Security
       Layer support, there are more options you can specify.

       SASL_MECH <mechanism>
	      Specifies the SASL mechanism to use.  This is a user-only
	      option.

       SASL_REALM <realm>
	      Specifies the SASL realm.	 This is a user-only option.

       SASL_AUTHCID <authcid>
	      Specifies the authentication identity.  This is  a  user-
	      only option.

       SASL_AUTHZID <authcid>
	      Specifies	 the  proxy  authorization identity.  This is a
	      user-only option.

       SASL_SECPROPS <properties>
	      Specifies Cyrus SASL security  properties.  The  <proper‐
	      ties>  can  be specified as a comma-separated list of the
	      following:

	      none   (without any other properties) causes the	proper‐
		     ties   defaults   ("noanonymous,noplain")	 to  be
		     cleared.

	      noplain
		     disables mechanisms susceptible to simple	passive
		     attacks.

	      noactive
		     disables mechanisms susceptible to active attacks.

	      nodict disables mechanisms susceptible to passive dictio‐
		     nary attacks.

	      noanonymous
		     disables mechanisms which support anonymous login.

	      forwardsec
		     requires forward secrecy between sessions.

	      passcred
		     requires mechanisms which pass client  credentials
		     (and  allows mechanisms which can pass credentials
		     to do so).

	      minssf=<factor>
		     specifies the minimum acceptable security strength
		     factor  as	 an integer approximating the effective
		     key length used for encryption.  0 (zero)	implies
		     no	 protection,  1	 implies  integrity  protection
		     only, 56 allows DES or  other  weak  ciphers,  112
		     allows  triple  DES  and other strong ciphers, 128
		     allows  RC4,  Blowfish  and  other	 modern	 strong
		     ciphers.  The default is 0.

	      maxssf=<factor>
		     specifies the maximum acceptable security strength
		     factor as an  integer  (see  minssf  description).
		     The default is INT_MAX.

	      maxbufsize=<factor>
		     specifies	the maximum security layer receive buf‐
		     fer size allowed.	 0  disables  security	layers.
		     The default is 65536.

GSSAPI OPTIONS
       If  OpenLDAP is built with Generic Security Services Application
       Programming Interface support, there are more  options  you  can
       specify.

       GSSAPI_SIGN <on/true/yes/off/false/no>
	      Specifies	 if GSSAPI signing (GSS_C_INTEG_FLAG) should be
	      used.  The default is off.

       GSSAPI_ENCRYPT <on/true/yes/off/false/no>
	      Specifies	 if  GSSAPI  encryption	 (GSS_C_INTEG_FLAG  and
	      GSS_C_CONF_FLAG) should be used. The default is off.

       GSSAPI_ALLOW_REMOTE_PRINCIPAL <on/true/yes/off/false/no>
	      Specifies	 if GSSAPI based authentification should try to
	      form the target principal name out of the ldapServiceName
	      or  dnsHostName  attribute  of the targets RootDSE entry.
	      The default is off.

TLS OPTIONS
       If OpenLDAP is built  with  Transport  Layer  Security  support,
       there  are more options you can specify.	 These options are used
       when an ldaps:// URI is selected (by default  or	 otherwise)  or
       when the application negotiates TLS by issuing the LDAP StartTLS
       operation.

       TLS_CACERT <filename>
	      Specifies the file that contains certificates for all  of
	      the Certificate Authorities the client will recognize.

       TLS_CACERTDIR <path>
	      Specifies	 the path of a directory that contains Certifi‐
	      cate Authority certificates in separate individual files.
	      The TLS_CACERT is always used before TLS_CACERTDIR.  This
	      parameter is ignored with GnuTLS. On Debian  openldap  is
	      linked against GnuTLS.

	      When  using Mozilla NSS, <path> may contain a Mozilla NSS
	      cert/key database.  If  <path>  contains	a  Mozilla  NSS
	      cert/key	database  and  CA cert files, OpenLDAP will use
	      the cert/key database and will ignore the CA cert files.

       TLS_CERT <filename>
	      Specifies the file that contains the client  certificate.
	      This is a user-only option.

	      When  using  Mozilla  NSS,  if  using a cert/key database
	      (specified with TLS_CACERTDIR),  TLS_CERT	 specifies  the
	      name of the certificate to use:
		   TLS_CERT Certificate for Sam Carter
	      If  using a token other than the internal built in token,
	      specify the token name first, followed by a colon:
		   TLS_CERT my hardware device:Certificate for Sam Carter
	      Use certutil -L to list the certificates by name:
		   certutil -d /path/to/certdbdir -L

       TLS_KEY <filename>
	      Specifies the file that contains	the  private  key  that
	      matches the certificate stored in the TLS_CERT file. Cur‐
	      rently, the private key must  not	 be  protected	with  a
	      password,	 so  it	 is of critical importance that the key
	      file is protected carefully.  This is a user-only option.

	      When using Mozilla NSS, TLS_KEY specifies the name  of  a
	      file  that contains the password for the key for the cer‐
	      tificate specified with TLS_CERT.	  The  modutil	command
	      can  be  used  to	 turn  off  password protection for the
	      cert/key	database.   For	  example,   if	  TLS_CACERTDIR
	      specifes	/home/scarter/.moznss  as  the	location of the
	      cert/key database, use modutil to change the password  to
	      the empty string:
		   modutil -dbdir ~/.moznss -changepw 'NSS Certificate DB'
	      You must have the old password, if any.  Ignore the WARN‐
	      ING about the running browser.  Press 'Enter' for the new
	      password.

       TLS_CIPHER_SUITE <cipher-suite-spec>
	      Specifies	 acceptable  cipher suite and preference order.
	      <cipher-suite-spec> should be a cipher specification  for
	      the TLS library in use (OpenSSL, GnuTLS, or Mozilla NSS).
	      Example:

		     OpenSSL:
			    TLS_CIPHER_SUITE HIGH:MEDIUM:+SSLv2

		     GnuTLS:
			    TLS_CIPHER_SUITE SECURE256:!AES-128-CBC

	      To check what ciphers a given spec  selects  in  OpenSSL,
	      use:

		   openssl ciphers -v <cipher-suite-spec>

	      With  GnuTLS the available specs can be found in the man‐
	      ual page of gnutls-cli(1) (see  the  description	of  the
	      option --priority).

	      In  older	 versions  of GnuTLS, where gnutls-cli does not
	      support the option --priority, you can obtain the —  more
	      limited — list of ciphers by calling:

		   gnutls-cli -l

	      When using Mozilla NSS, the OpenSSL cipher suite specifi‐
	      cations are used and  translated	into  the  format  used
	      internally  by  Mozilla  NSS.  There isn't an easy way to
	      list the	cipher	suites	from  the  command  line.   The
	      authoritative  list is in the source code for Mozilla NSS
	      in the file sslinfo.c in the structure
		      static const SSLCipherSuiteInfo suiteInfo[]

       TLS_RANDFILE <filename>
	      Specifies the  file  to  obtain  random  bits  from  when
	      /dev/[u]random  is  not  available.  Generally set to the
	      name of the EGD/PRNGD socket.  The  environment  variable
	      RANDFILE	can also be used to specify the filename.  This
	      parameter is ignored with	 GnuTLS	 and  Mozilla  NSS.  On
	      Debian openldap is linked against GnuTLS.

       TLS_REQCERT <level>
	      Specifies	 what  checks to perform on server certificates
	      in a TLS session, if any. The <level> can be specified as
	      one of the following keywords:

	      never  The  client  will	not request or check any server
		     certificate.

	      allow  The server certificate is requested.  If  no  cer‐
		     tificate  is  provided,  the session proceeds nor‐
		     mally. If a bad certificate is provided,  it  will
		     be ignored and the session proceeds normally.

	      try    The  server  certificate  is requested. If no cer‐
		     tificate is provided, the	session	 proceeds  nor‐
		     mally.  If a bad certificate is provided, the ses‐
		     sion is immediately terminated.

	      demand | hard
		     These keywords are equivalent. The server certifi‐
		     cate  is requested. If no certificate is provided,
		     or a bad certificate is provided, the  session  is
		     immediately  terminated.  This is the default set‐
		     ting.

       TLS_CRLCHECK <level>
	      Specifies if the Certificate Revocation List (CRL) of the
	      CA  should  be  used to verify if the server certificates
	      have not been revoked. This requires TLS_CACERTDIR param‐
	      eter to be set. This parameter is ignored with GnuTLS and
	      Mozilla NSS. On Debian openldap is linked against GnuTLS.
	      <level>  can  be	specified  as one of the following key‐
	      words:

	      none   No CRL checks are performed

	      peer   Check the CRL of the peer certificate

	      all    Check the CRL for a whole certificate chain

       TLS_CRLFILE <filename>
	      Specifies the file containing  a	Certificate  Revocation
	      List to be used to verify if the server certificates have
	      not been revoked. This parameter is only	supported  with
	      GnuTLS and Mozilla NSS.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       LDAPNOINIT
	      disable all defaulting

       LDAPCONF
	      path of a configuration file

       LDAPRC basename of ldaprc file in $HOME or $CWD

       LDAP<option-name>
	      Set <option-name> as from ldap.conf

FILES
       /etc/ldap/ldap.conf
	      system-wide ldap configuration file

       $HOME/ldaprc, $HOME/.ldaprc
	      user ldap configuration file

       $CWD/ldaprc
	      local ldap configuration file

SEE ALSO
       ldap(3), ldap_set_option(3), ldap_result(3), openssl(1), sasl(3)

AUTHOR
       Kurt Zeilenga, The OpenLDAP Project

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       OpenLDAP	 Software  is  developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP
       Project	<http://www.openldap.org/>.    OpenLDAP	  Software   is
       derived from University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.

OpenLDAP			  2012/04/23			  LDAP.CONF(5)
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