LES(8) Maintenance Commands LES(8)NAME
les, bus - ATM LAN Emulation service demons
SYNOPSISles [-d module] [-m module] [-f configuration_file]
bus [-d module] [-m module] [-f configuration_file]
LE Service consists of three components: LAN Emulation Configuration
Server (lecs(8)), LAN Emulation Server (les) and Broadcast and Unknown
Les performs the control coordination function for the emulated LAN.
LE clients register MAC addresses and/or route descriptors they repre‐
sent to les, and later query it when they want to resolve MAC
addresses/route descriptors into ATM addresses. Other LE control mes‐
sages which are to be distributed to every client in ELAN are also sent
to les. Les forwards these messages using Control Distribute VCC which
it has set up to every client in ELAN.
Bus handles data sent by clients to broadcast and multicast MAC
addresses and some of the data directed to unicast addresses. LE Client
has a possibility to send data directed to some unicast address to the
bus before target's ATM address has been resolved and the Data Direct
VCC has been established.
Configuration file example for les and bus:
#S1, LE Server's ATM address
#S2, LAN Type
#S3, Maximum Frame Size
#S4, Join Timeout, s
#S5, Maximum Frame Age, s
#S6, BUS Atm address
The configuration file contains each modules name in brackets followed
by variable definitions for that module. The definitions are of form
variable=value, where value can be either an integer, a truth value
(True/False), a string enclosed in double quotes ("string") or an ATM
address in hexadecimal format. Variables that can be set are the
debug/memdebug for each module and variables S1-S6 as defined in LE
S1=Address of the LES. This address is used in ATM
S2=Type of the emulated LAN. Valid values is "802.3".
S3=Maximum frame size. Valid value is 1516.
S4=Join Timeout. Time in seconds which LES waits for
LE_JOIN_REQUEST before tearing down a connection.
S5=Maximum frame Age. Currently not used.
S6=Address of the BUS. This address is used in ATM signalling.
ELANNAME= Name of the emulated LAN
SIGHUP causes restart of the server. All resources are released and
server is started. SIGUSR1 causes the server to dump its internal
state. SIGUSR2 shuts down the server (hopefully) gracefully.
Set debugging messages on for a module. "All" sets debug‐
ging on for all modules.
Set memory debugging messages on for a module. "All" sets
debugging on for all modules.
Use the specified configuration file instead of
.lanevars configuration file
Servers don't establish point-to-multipoint connections to LE
clients as the specification states, which means that some LE
clients won't work with these servers.
Supports only IEEE 802.3 / Ethernet type of ELANs.
This manual page is confusing.
Marko Kiiskila, TUT <email@example.com>
SEE ALSOlecs(8), atmsigd(8), zeppelin(8)Linux Sep 11, 1996 LES(8)