lwresd man page on FreeBSD

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LWRESD(8)			     BIND9			     LWRESD(8)

       lwresd - lightweight resolver daemon

       lwresd [-c config-file] [-C config-file] [-d debug-level] [-f] [-g]
	      [-i pid-file] [-m flag] [-n #cpus] [-P port] [-p port] [-s]
	      [-t directory] [-u user] [-v] [-4] [-6]

       lwresd is the daemon providing name lookup services to clients that use
       the BIND 9 lightweight resolver library. It is essentially a
       stripped-down, caching-only name server that answers queries using the
       BIND 9 lightweight resolver protocol rather than the DNS protocol.

       lwresd listens for resolver queries on a UDP port on the IPv4 loopback
       interface, This means that lwresd can only be used by
       processes running on the local machine. By default, UDP port number 921
       is used for lightweight resolver requests and responses.

       Incoming lightweight resolver requests are decoded by the server which
       then resolves them using the DNS protocol. When the DNS lookup
       completes, lwresd encodes the answers in the lightweight resolver
       format and returns them to the client that made the request.

       If /etc/resolv.conf contains any nameserver entries, lwresd sends
       recursive DNS queries to those servers. This is similar to the use of
       forwarders in a caching name server. If no nameserver entries are
       present, or if forwarding fails, lwresd resolves the queries
       autonomously starting at the root name servers, using a built-in list
       of root server hints.

	   Use IPv4 only even if the host machine is capable of IPv6.  -4 and
	   -6 are mutually exclusive.

	   Use IPv6 only even if the host machine is capable of IPv4.  -4 and
	   -6 are mutually exclusive.

       -c config-file
	   Use config-file as the configuration file instead of the default,
	   /etc/lwresd.conf.  -c can not be used with -C.

       -C config-file
	   Use config-file as the configuration file instead of the default,
	   /etc/resolv.conf.  -C can not be used with -c.

       -d debug-level
	   Set the daemon's debug level to debug-level. Debugging traces from
	   lwresd become more verbose as the debug level increases.

	   Run the server in the foreground (i.e. do not daemonize).

	   Run the server in the foreground and force all logging to stderr.

       -i pid-file
	   Use pid-file as the PID file instead of the default,

       -m flag
	   Turn on memory usage debugging flags. Possible flags are usage,
	   trace, record, size, and mctx. These correspond to the
	   ISC_MEM_DEBUGXXXX flags described in <isc/mem.h>.

       -n #cpus
	   Create #cpus worker threads to take advantage of multiple CPUs. If
	   not specified, lwresd will try to determine the number of CPUs
	   present and create one thread per CPU. If it is unable to determine
	   the number of CPUs, a single worker thread will be created.

       -P port
	   Listen for lightweight resolver queries on port port. If not
	   specified, the default is port 921.

       -p port
	   Send DNS lookups to port port. If not specified, the default is
	   port 53. This provides a way of testing the lightweight resolver
	   daemon with a name server that listens for queries on a
	   non-standard port number.

	   Write memory usage statistics to stdout on exit.
		  Note: This option is mainly of interest to BIND 9 developers
		  and may be removed or changed in a future release.

       -t directory
	   Chroot to directory after processing the command line arguments,
	   but before reading the configuration file.
		  Warning: This option should be used in conjunction with the
		  -u option, as chrooting a process running as root doesn't
		  enhance security on most systems; the way chroot(2) is
		  defined allows a process with root privileges to escape a
		  chroot jail.

       -u user
	   Setuid to user after completing privileged operations, such as
	   creating sockets that listen on privileged ports.

	   Report the version number and exit.

	   The default configuration file.

	   The default process-id file.

       named(8), lwres(3), resolver(5).

       Internet Systems Consortium

       Copyright © 2004, 2005, 2007-2009 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
       Copyright © 2000, 2001 Internet Software Consortium.

BIND9				 June 30, 2000			     LWRESD(8)

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