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LYNX(1)								       LYNX(1)

       lynx  - a general purpose distributed information browser for the World
       Wide Web

       lynx [options] [path or URL]

       use "lynx -help" to display a complete list of current options.

       Lynx is a fully-featured World Wide Web (WWW) client for users  running
       cursor-addressable,   character-cell   display	devices	 (e.g.,	 vt100
       terminals, vt100 emulators running on Windows 95/NT or Macintoshes,  or
       any other "curses-oriented" display).  It will display hypertext markup
       language (HTML) documents containing links to  files  residing  on  the
       local  system,  as  well	 as  files  residing on remote systems running
       Gopher, HTTP, FTP, WAIS, and NNTP servers.  Current  versions  of  Lynx
       run on Unix, VMS, Windows 95/NT, 386DOS and OS/2 EMX.

       Lynx  can  be  used  to access information on the World Wide Web, or to
       build information systems intended primarily  for  local	 access.   For
       example,	 Lynx  has  been used to build several Campus Wide Information
       Systems (CWIS).	In  addition,  Lynx  can  be  used  to	build  systems
       isolated within a single LAN.

       At  start  up, Lynx will load any local file or remote URL specified at
       the command line.  For help with URLs, press "?"	 or "H" while  running
       Lynx.  Then follow the link titled, "Help on URLs."

       If  more	 than  one  local  file or remote URL is listed on the command
       line, Lynx will open only the last interactively.   All	of  the	 names
       (local files and remote URLs) are added to the G)oto history.

       Lynx  uses  only	 long option names. Option names can begin with double
       dash as well, underscores and dashes can be intermixed in option	 names
       (in  the reference below options are with one dash before them and with

       Lynx provides many command-line options.	 Some options require a	 value
       (string,	 number	 or keyword).  These are noted in the reference below.
       The other options set boolean values in the program.  There  are	 three
       types of boolean options: set, unset and toggle.	 If no option value is
       given, these have the obvious meaning: set (to true), unset (to false),
       or  toggle  (between  true/false).  For any of these, an explicit value
       can  be	given  in  different  forms  to	 allow	for  operating	system
       constraints, e.g.,
       Lynx  recognizes	 "1",  "+",  "on" and "true" for true values, and "0",
       "-", "off" and "false"  for  false  values.   Other  option-values  are

       The  default boolean, number and string option values that are compiled
       into Lynx are displayed in the help-message  provided  by  lynx	-help.
       Some  of those may differ according to how Lynx was built; see the help
       message itself for these values.	 The -help option is processed in  the
       third  pass of options-processing, so any option which sets a value, as
       well as runtime configuration values are reflected in the help-message.

       -      If the argument is only '-', then Lynx expects  to  receive  the
	      arguments	 from  the  standard  input.  This is to allow for the
	      potentially very long command line that can be  associated  with
	      the  -get_data or -post_data arguments (see below).  It can also
	      be used to avoid having sensitive information  in	 the  invoking
	      command  line (which would be visible to other processes on most
	      systems), especially when the -auth or -pauth options are used.

	      accept all cookies.

	      apply   restrictions   for   anonymous   account,	   see	  also

	      charset for documents that don't specify it.

	      charset  assumed for local files, i.e., files which Lynx creates
	      such as internal pages for the options menu.

	      use this instead of unrecognized charsets.

	      set authorization ID and password	 for  protected	 documents  at
	      startup.	 Be  sure  to  protect any script files which use this

       -base  prepend a request URL comment and BASE tag to text/html  outputs
	      for -source dumps.

	      specify a local bibp server (default http://bibhost/).

       -blink forces  high  intensity  background  colors  for	color mode, if
	      available and supported by the terminal.	This  applies  to  the
	      slang  library  (for  a  few terminal emulators), or to OS/2 EMX
	      with ncurses.

       -book  use the bookmark page as the startfile.  The default or  command
	      line  startfile  is  still  set for the Main screen command, and
	      will be used if the bookmark page is unavailable or blank.

	      toggles scanning of news articles	 for  buried  references,  and
	      converts	them  to  news	links.	 Not recommended because email
	      addresses enclosed in angle brackets will be converted to	 false
	      news links, and uuencoded messages can be trashed.

	      set  the	NUMBER	of documents cached in memory.	The default is

       -case  enable case-sensitive string searching.

	      Toggle center alignment in HTML TABLE.

	      specifies a Lynx	configuration  file  other  than  the  default

       -child exit  on	left-arrow  in startfile, and disable save to disk and
	      associated print/mail options.

	      exit on left-arrow in startfile, but  allow  save	 to  disk  and
	      associated print/mail options.

	      write   keystroke	  commands  and	 related  information  to  the
	      specified file.

	      read keystroke commands from the specified file.	 You  can  use
	      the  data	 written  using the -cmd_log option.  Lynx will ignore
	      other information which the command-logging may have written  to
	      the  logfile.  Each line of the command script contains either a
	      comment beginning with "#", or a keyword:

	    exit causes	 the  script  to  stop,	 and  forces  Lynx   to	  exit

	    key	 the  character	 value,	 in  printable form.  Cursor and other
		 special  keys	are  given  as	names,	e.g.,  "Down   Arrow".
		 Printable  7-bit ASCII codes are given as-is, and hexadecimal
		 values represent other 8-bit codes.

	    set	 followed by a "name=value" allows one to override values  set
		 in the lynx.cfg file.

       -color forces  color  mode  on,	if  available.	 Default color control
	      sequences which work for many terminal types are assumed if  the
	      terminal	capability  description does not specify how to handle
	      color.  Lynx needs to be compiled with  the  slang  library  for
	      this flag, it is equivalent to setting the COLORTERM environment
	      variable.	 (If color support is instead  provided	 by  a	color-
	      capable  curses  library like ncurses, Lynx relies completely on
	      the terminal description to  determine  whether  color  mode  is
	      possible,	 and this flag is not needed and thus unavailable.)  A
	      saved show_color=always setting  found  in  a  .lynxrc  file  at
	      startup  has the same effect.  A saved show_color=never found in
	      .lynxrc on startup is overridden by this flag.

	      Sets the connection timeout, where N is given in seconds.

	      specifies a file to use to read cookies.	If none is  specified,
	      the  default  value  is  ~/.lynx_cookies	for  most systems, but
	      ~/cookies for MS-DOS.

	      specifies a file to use to store cookies.	 If none is specified,
	      the value given by -cookie_file is used.

	      toggles handling of Set-Cookie headers.

       -core  toggles forced core dumps on fatal errors.  Turn this option off
	      to ask Lynx to force a core dump if a fatal error occurs.

       -crawl with -traversal, output each page to a file.  with -dump, format
	      output as with -traversal, but to the standard output.

	      toggles	the   use  of  curses  "pad"  feature  which  supports
	      left/right scrolling of the display.

	      separate incremental display stages with MessageSecs delay

       -delay add DebugSecs delay after each progress-message

	      set the display variable for X rexec-ed programs.

	      set the charset for the terminal output.

	      inhibit wrapping of text in <pre> when -dump'ing and -crawl'ing,
	      mark wrapped lines in interactive session.

       -dump  dumps  the  formatted  output  of	 the default document or those
	      specified on  the	 command  line	to  standard  output.	Unlike
	      interactive mode, all documents are processed.  This can be used
	      in the following way:

	      lynx -dump

	      enable external editing, using the specified  EDITOR.  (vi,  ed,
	      emacs, etc.)

	      enable emacs-like key movement.

	      toggles  compatibility  with  communication programs' scrollback
	      keys (may be incompatible with some curses packages).

	      define a file where Lynx will report HTTP access codes.

       -exec  enable local program execution (normally not configured).

	      include all versions of files in local VMS directory listings.

	      toggle memory leak-checking.  Normally this is not compiled-into
	      your  executable,	 but  when  it	is,  it	 can be disabled for a

	      force HREF-less 'A' elements to be empty (close them as soon  as
	      they are seen).

	      forces the first document to be interpreted as HTML.

	      toggles forcing of the secure flag for SSL cookies.

	      toggles whether the Options Menu is key-based or form-based.

       -from  toggles transmissions of From headers.

       -ftp   disable ftp access.

	      properly	formatted  data	 for  a	 get form are read in from the
	      standard input and passed to the form.  Input is terminated by a
	      line that starts with '---'.

       -head  send a HEAD request for the mime headers.

       -help  print the Lynx command syntax usage message, and exit.

	      control the display of hidden links.

	      merge hidden links show up as bracketed numbers and are numbered
	      together with other links in the sequence of their occurrence in
	      the document.

	      listonly	hidden	links  are  shown  only	 on  L)ist screens and
	      listings generated by -dump or from the P)rint menu, but	appear
	      separately  at  the  end	of  those  lists.  This is the default

	      ignore hidden links do not appear even in listings.

	      toggles use of '>' or '-->' as a terminator for comments.

	      set homepage separate from start page.

	      toggles inclusion of links for all images.

	      set the default index file to the specified URL.

       -ismap toggles inclusion of  ISMAP  links  when	client-side  MAPs  are

	      do justification of text.

	      starting count for lnk#.dat files produced by -crawl.

	      for -dump, show only the list of links.

	      disable URLs that point to remote hosts.

	      enable  local  program  execution from local files only (if Lynx
	      was compiled with local execution enabled).

	      specify  filename	 containing  color-style   information.	   The
	      default is lynx.lss.  If you give an empty filename, lynx uses a
	      built-in monochrome scheme which	imitates  the  non-color-style

	      prints  the  MIME	 header	 of  a fetched document along with its

	      toggles minimal versus valid comment parsing.

	      toggles nested-tables logic (for debugging).

	      number of articles in chunked news listings.

	      maximum news articles in listings before chunking.

	      disable bold video-attribute.

	      disable directory browsing.

       -nocc  disable Cc: prompts for self copies of mailings.	Note that this
	      does  not disable any CCs which are incorporated within a mailto
	      URL or form ACTION.

	      force color mode off, overriding terminal capabilities  and  any
	      -color flags, COLORTERM variable, and saved .lynxrc settings.

	      disable local program execution. (DEFAULT)

	      disable transmissions of Referer headers for file URLs.

	      disable the link list feature in dumps.

       -nolog disable mailing of error messages to document owners.

	      disable left/right margins in the default style sheet.

	      disable -more- string in statusline messages.

	      This  flag  is  not  available  on all systems, Lynx needs to be
	      compiled with HAVE_SIGACTION defined.  If available,  this  flag
	      may  cause Lynx to react more immediately to window changes when
	      run within an xterm.

	      disable	link-	 and	field-numbering.     This    overrides
	      -number_fields and -number_links.

	      disable forced pauses for statusline messages.

	      disable most print functions.

	      prevents	automatic redirection and prints a message with a link
	      to the new URL.

	      disable transmissions of Referer headers.

	      disable reverse video-attribute.

	      disable SOCKS proxy usage by a SOCKSified Lynx.

	      disable the retrieval status messages.

	      disable title and blank line from top of page.

	      disable underline video-attribute.

	      force numbering of links as well as form input fields

	      force numbering of links.

	      toggles display partial pages while loading.

	      number  of  lines	 to  render  before  repainting	 display  with
	      partial-display logic

	      toggles passive ftp connections.

	      set  authorization  ID and password for a protected proxy server
	      at startup.  Be sure to protect any script files which use  this

       -popup toggles  handling	 of  single-choice  SELECT  options  via popup
	      windows or as lists of radio buttons.

	      properly formatted data for a post form are  read	 in  from  the
	      standard input and passed to the form.  Input is terminated by a
	      line that starts with '---'.

	      show HTML	 source	 preparsed  and	 reformatted  when  used  with
	      -source or in source view.

	      show HTML source view with lexical elements and tags in color.

       -print enable print functions. (default)

	      toggles pseudo-ALTs for inline images with no ALT string.

       -raw   toggles  default	setting of 8-bit character translations or CJK
	      mode for the startup character set.

       -realm restricts access to URLs in the starting realm.

	      Sets the read-timeout, where N is given in seconds.

	      flushes the cache on a proxy server  (only  the  first  document

	      allows a list of services to be disabled selectively. Dashes and
	      underscores in option names can  be  intermixed.	The  following
	      list is printed if no options are specified.

	      all - restricts all options listed below.

	      bookmark - disallow changing the location of the bookmark file.

	      bookmark_exec - disallow execution links via the bookmark file.

	      change_exec_perms	 - disallow changing the eXecute permission on
	      files (but still allow  it  for  directories)  when  local  file
	      management is enabled.

	      default  -  same	as  command  line option -anonymous.  Disables
	      default services for anonymous users.  Set  to  all  restricted,
	      except	for:	inside_telnet,	 outside_telnet,   inside_ftp,
	      outside_ftp,   inside_rlogin,    outside_rlogin,	  inside_news,
	      outside_news,  telnet_port,  jump,  mail, print, exec, and goto.
	      The settings for these, as well as additional goto  restrictions
	      for specific URL schemes that are also applied, are derived from
	      definitions within userdefs.h.

	      dired_support - disallow local file management.

	      disk_save - disallow saving to disk in the  download  and	 print

	      dotfiles	-  disallow  access  to,  or creation of, hidden (dot)

	      download - disallow some downloaders in the download menu	 (does
	      not imply disk_save restriction).

	      editor - disallow external editing.

	      exec - disable execution scripts.

	      exec_frozen   -  disallow	 the  user  from  changing  the	 local
	      execution option.

	      externals - disallow  some  "EXTERNAL"  configuration  lines  if
	      support  for  passing  URLs  to  external applications (with the
	      EXTERN command) is compiled in.

	      file_url - disallow using G)oto, served links or	bookmarks  for
	      file: URLs.

	      goto - disable the 'g' (goto) command.

	      inside_ftp  -  disallow  ftps for people coming from inside your
	      domain (utmp required for selectivity).

	      inside_news - disallow USENET news  posting  for	people	coming
	      from inside your domain (utmp required for selectivity).

	      inside_rlogin  -	disallow rlogins for people coming from inside
	      your domain (utmp required for selectivity).

	      inside_telnet - disallow telnets for people coming  from	inside
	      your domain (utmp required for selectivity).

	      jump - disable the 'j' (jump) command.

	      multibook - disallow multiple bookmarks.

	      mail - disallow mail.

	      news_post - disallow USENET News posting.

	      options_save - disallow saving options in .lynxrc.

	      outside_ftp  - disallow ftps for people coming from outside your
	      domain (utmp required for selectivity).

	      outside_news - disallow USENET  news  reading  and  posting  for
	      people  coming  from  outside  your  domain  (utmp  required for
	      selectivity).   This  restriction	 applies  to  "news",  "nntp",
	      "newspost",   and	  "newsreply"	URLs,	but  not  to  "snews",
	      "snewspost", or "snewsreply" in case they are supported.

	      outside_rlogin - disallow rlogins for people coming from outside
	      your domain (utmp required for selectivity).

	      outside_telnet - disallow telnets for people coming from outside
	      your domain (utmp required for selectivity).

	      print - disallow most print options.

	      shell - disallow shell escapes and lynxexec or lynxprog G)oto's.

	      suspend - disallow Unix Control-Z suspends with escape to shell.

	      telnet_port - disallow specifying a port in telnet G)oto's.

	      useragent - disallow modifications of the User-Agent header.

	      toggles forced resubmissions (no-cache)  of  forms  with	method
	      POST  when  the  documents  they	returned  are  sought with the
	      PREV_DOC command or from the History List.

	      disable recognition of rlogin commands.

	      toggles showing scrollbar.

	      toggles showing arrows at ends of the scrollbar.

	      require .www_browsable files to browse directories.

	      resumes from specified file on startup and saves session to that
	      file on exit.

	      resumes session from specified file.

	      saves session to specified file.

	      show  very  long URLs in the status line with "..." to represent
	      the portion which cannot be displayed.  The beginning and end of
	      the URL are displayed, rather than suppressing the end.

	      Print the configuration settings, e.g., as read from "lynx.cfg",
	      and exit.

	      If enabled the cursor will not  be  hidden  in  the  right  hand
	      corner  but  will	 instead  be  positioned  at  the start of the
	      currently selected link.	Show cursor is the default for systems
	      without  FANCY_CURSES  capabilities.   The default configuration
	      can be changed in userdefs.h  or	lynx.cfg.   The	 command  line
	      switch toggles the default.

	      If  enabled  the	transfer  rate	is  shown in bytes/second.  If
	      disabled, no transfer  rate  is  shown.	Use  lynx.cfg  or  the
	      options menu to select KB/second and/or ETA.

	      toggles  emulation  of  the  old	Netscape  and Mosaic bug which
	      treated '>' as a co-terminator for double-quotes and tags.

	      works the same as	 dump  but  outputs  HTML  source  instead  of
	      formatted text.  For example

	      lynx -source . >foo.html

	      generates	  HTML	 source	 listing  the  files  in  the  current
	      directory.  Each file is marked  by  an  HREF  relative  to  the
	      parent  directory.   Add	a  trailing  slash  to make the HREF's
	      relative to the current directory:

	      lynx -source ./ >foo.html

	      disable SIGINT cleanup handler

	      allow non-http startfile and homepage with -validate.

	      When dumping a document using -dump or  -source,	Lynx  normally
	      does  not	 display  alert	 (error)  messages that you see on the
	      screen in the status line.  Use the -stderr option to tell  Lynx
	      to write these messages to the standard error.

       -stdin read the startfile from standard input (UNIX only).

	      information for syslog call.

	      log requested URLs with syslog.

	      initialize parser, using Tag Soup DTD rather than SortaSGML.

	      disable recognition of telnet commands.

	      tell  Lynx what terminal type to assume it is talking to.	 (This
	      may be useful for remote	execution,  when,  for	example,  Lynx
	      connects	to  a remote TCP/IP port that starts a script that, in
	      turn, starts another Lynx process.)

	      For win32, sets the network read-timeout, where N	 is  given  in

       -tlog  toggles  between	using  a  Lynx	Trace Log and stderr for trace
	      output from the session.

       -tna   turns on "Textfields Need Activation" mode.

       -trace turns on Lynx trace mode.	 Destination of trace  output  depends
	      on -tlog.

	      turn  on	optional  traces, which may result in very large trace
	      files.  Logically OR the values to combine options:
	      1=SGML character parsing states
	      4=TRST (table layout)
	      8=config	(lynx.cfg,  .lynxrc,  .lynx-keymaps,  mime.types   and
	      mailcap contents)
	      16=binary string copy/append, used in form data construction.
	      64=character sets
	      128=GridText parsing

	      traverse	all http links derived from startfile.	When used with
	      -crawl, each link that begins with the same string as  startfile
	      is  output to a file, intended for indexing.  See CRAWL.announce
	      for more information.

	      trim input text/textarea fields in forms.

	      toggles use of underline/bold attribute for links.

	      toggles use of _underline_ format in dumps.

	      turn on mouse support, if available.  Clicking  the  left	 mouse
	      button  on a link traverses it.  Clicking the right mouse button
	      pops back.  Click on the top line to scroll up.	Click  on  the
	      bottom  line to scroll down.  The first few positions in the top
	      and bottom line may invoke additional functions.	Lynx  must  be
	      compiled	with  ncurses  or  slang  to support this feature.  If
	      ncurses is used, clicking the middle  mouse  button  pops	 up  a
	      simple  menu.  Mouse clicks may only work reliably while Lynx is
	      idle waiting for input.

	      set alternate Lynx User-Agent header.

	      accept only  http	 URLs  (for  validation).   Complete  security
	      restrictions also are implemented.

	      toggle  [LINK],  [IMAGE] and [INLINE] comments with filenames of
	      these images.

	      print version information, and exit.

	      enable vi-like key movement.

	      enable Waterloo tcp/ip packet debug (print to  watt  debugfile).
	      This  applies  only  to  DOS  versions  compiled	with WATTCP or

	      number of columns for formatting of dumps, default is 80.	  This
	      is  limited  by  the  number of columns that Lynx could display,
	      typically 1024 (the MAX_LINE symbol).

	      emit backspaces in output if -dump'ing or -crawl'ing (like 'man'

	      tells Lynx that it can ignore certain tags which have no content
	      in an XHTML 1.0 document.	 For example "<p/>" will be discarded.

       o  Use Up arrow and Down arrow to scroll through hypertext links.

       o  Right arrow or Return will follow a highlighted hypertext link.

       o  Left Arrow will retreat from a link.

       o  Type "H" or "?" for  online  help  and  descriptions	of  key-stroke

       o  Type	"K"  for  a  complete  list  of the current key-stroke command

       In addition to various "standard" environment variables such  as	 HOME,
       PATH,  USER,  DISPLAY, TMPDIR, etc, Lynx utilizes several Lynx-specific
       environment variables, if they exist.

       Others may be created or modified by Lynx to pass data to  an  external
       program, or for other reasons.  These are listed separately below.

       See  also  the  sections	 on  SIMULATED CGI SUPPORT and NATIVE LANGUAGE
       SUPPORT, below.

       Note:  Not all environment variables apply to all  types	 of  platforms
       supported  by  Lynx, though most do.  Feedback on platform dependencies
       is solicited.

       Environment Variables Used By Lynx:

       COLORTERM	   If set, color capability for the terminal is forced
			   on  at  startup time.  The actual value assigned to
			   the variable is ignored.   This  variable  is  only
			   meaningful  if  Lynx	 was  built  using  the	 slang
			   screen-handling library.

       LYNX_CFG		   This variable, if set, will	override  the  default
			   location  and name of the global configuration file
			   (normally,  lynx.cfg)  that	was  defined  by   the
			   LYNX_CFG_FILE  constant  in	the  userdefs.h	 file,
			   during installation.	 See the userdefs.h  file  for
			   more information.

       LYNX_HELPFILE	   If set, this variable overrides the compiled-in URL
			   and configuration file URL for the Lynx help file.

       LYNX_LOCALEDIR	   If set, this	 variable  overrides  the  compiled-in
			   location  of	 the  locale  directory which contains
			   native language (NLS) message text.

       LYNX_LSS		   This variable, if set, specifies  the  location  of
			   the	 default  Lynx	character  style  sheet	 file.
			   [Currently only meaningful if Lynx was built	 using
			   experimental color style support.]

       LYNX_SAVE_SPACE	   This	 variable,  if	set, will override the default
			   path prefix for files saved to disk that is defined
			   in  the  lynx.cfg  SAVE_SPACE:  statement.  See the
			   lynx.cfg file for more information.

       LYNX_TEMP_SPACE	   This variable, if set, will	override  the  default
			   path	 prefix	 for  temporary files that was defined
			   during installation, as well as any value that  may
			   be assigned to the TMPDIR variable.

       MAIL		   This variable specifies the default inbox Lynx will
			   check for new mail, if such checking is enabled  in
			   the lynx.cfg file.

       NEWS_ORGANIZATION   This	 variable, if set, provides the string used in
			   the Organization: header of USENET  news  postings.
			   It  will  override  the setting of the ORGANIZATION
			   environment variable, if it is also	set  (and,  on
			   UNIX, the contents of an /etc/organization file, if

       NNTPSERVER	   If set, this variable specifies  the	 default  NNTP
			   server  that	 will  be used for USENET news reading
			   and posting with Lynx, via news: URL's.

       ORGANIZATION	   This variable, if set, provides the string used  in
			   the	Organization:  header of USENET news postings.
			   On UNIX,  it	 will  override	 the  contents	of  an
			   /etc/organization file, if present.

       PROTOCOL_proxy	   Lynx supports the use of proxy servers that can act
			   as firewall gateways and caching servers.  They are
			   preferable	to  the	 older	gateway	 servers  (see
			   WWW_access_GATEWAY, below).	Each protocol used  by
			   Lynx,  (http,  ftp,	gopher,	 etc),	can  be mapped
			   separately by setting environment variables of  the
			   form	   PROTOCOL_proxy    (literally:   http_proxy,
			   ftp_proxy,	    gopher_proxy,	etc),	    to
			   "http://some.server.dom:port/".    See  Lynx	 Users
			   Guide for additional details and examples.

       SSL_CERT_DIR	   Set	 to   the   directory	 containing    trusted

       SSL_CERT_FILE	   Set	to the full path and filename for your file of
			   trusted certificates.

       WWW_access_GATEWAY  Lynx still supports use of  gateway	servers,  with
			   the	 servers  specified  via  "WWW_access_GATEWAY"
			   variables (where "access" is lower case and can  be
			   "http",  "ftp",  "gopher"  or "wais"), however most
			   gateway servers have been discontinued.  Note  that
			   you do not include a terminal '/' for gateways, but
			   do  for   proxies   specified   by	PROTOCOL_proxy
			   environment	variables.   See  Lynx Users Guide for

       WWW_HOME		   This variable, if set, will	override  the  default
			   startup   URL   specified   in   any	 of  the  Lynx
			   configuration files.

       Environment Variables Set or Modified By Lynx:

       LYNX_PRINT_DATE	   This variable is set by the Lynx p(rint)  function,
			   to	the   Date:  string  seen  in  the  document's
			   "Information about" page (= cmd), if	 any.	It  is
			   created  for use by an external program, as defined
			   in a lynx.cfg PRINTER:  definition  statement.   If
			   the	field  does  not  exist	 for the document, the
			   variable is set to a null string under UNIX, or "No
			   Date" under VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_LASTMOD  This	 variable is set by the Lynx p(rint) function,
			   to the Last Mod:  string  seen  in  the  document's
			   "Information	 about"	 page  (= cmd), if any.	 It is
			   created for use by an external program, as  defined
			   in  a  lynx.cfg  PRINTER: definition statement.  If
			   the field does not  exist  for  the	document,  the
			   variable is set to a null string under UNIX, or "No
			   LastMod" under VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_TITLE	   This variable is set by the Lynx p(rint)  function,
			   to  the  Linkname:  string  seen  in the document's
			   "Information about" page (= cmd), if	 any.	It  is
			   created  for use by an external program, as defined
			   in a lynx.cfg PRINTER:  definition  statement.   If
			   the	field  does  not  exist	 for the document, the
			   variable is set to a null string under UNIX, or "No
			   Title" under VMS.

       LYNX_PRINT_URL	   This	 variable is set by the Lynx p(rint) function,
			   to  the  URL:  string  seen	 in   the   document's
			   "Information	 about"	 page  (= cmd), if any.	 It is
			   created for use by an external program, as  defined
			   in  a  lynx.cfg  PRINTER: definition statement.  If
			   the field does not  exist  for  the	document,  the
			   variable is set to a null string under UNIX, or "No
			   URL" under VMS.

       LYNX_TRACE	   If set, causes Lynx to write a trace file as if the
			   -trace option were supplied.

       LYNX_TRACE_FILE	   If set, overrides the compiled-in name of the trace
			   file, which is either  Lynx.trace  or  LY-TRACE.LOG
			   (the	 latter	 on the DOS platform).	The trace file
			   is in either case relative to the home directory.

       LYNX_VERSION	   This variable is always set by  Lynx,  and  may  be
			   used	 by an external program to determine if it was
			   invoked by Lynx.  See  also	the  comments  in  the
			   distribution's  sample  mailcap  file, for notes on
			   usage in such a file.

       TERM		   Normally,  this  variable  is  used	by   Lynx   to
			   determine  the  terminal  type being used to invoke
			   Lynx.  If, however, it is unset at startup time (or
			   has	the value "unknown"), or if the -term command-
			   line option is used (see  OPTIONS  section  above),
			   Lynx	 will  set  or	modify	its  value to the user
			   specified terminal type  (for  the  Lynx  execution
			   environment).   Note:  If set/modified by Lynx, the
			   values of  the  LINES  and/or  COLUMNS  environment
			   variables may also be changed.

       If built with the cgi-links option enabled, Lynx allows access to a cgi
       script directly without the need for an http daemon.

       When executing such  "lynxcgi  scripts"	(if  enabled),	the  following
       variables may be set for simulating a CGI environment:














       Other  environment  variables  are  not inherited by the script, unless
       they  are  provided  via	 a  LYNXCGI_ENVIRONMENT	  statement   in   the
       configuration  file.   See  the	lynx.cfg file, and the (draft) CGI 1.1
       Specification <http://Web.Golux.Com/coar/cgi/draft-coar-cgi-v11-00.txt>
       for the definition and usage of these variables.

       The  CGI	 Specification,	 and other associated documentation, should be
       consulted for general information on CGI script programming.

       If configured and installed with Native	Language  Support,  Lynx  will
       display status and other messages in your local language.  See the file
       ABOUT_NLS in the source distribution, or at your local  GNU  site,  for
       more information about internationalization.

       The  following  environment  variables  may  be	used  to alter default

       LANG		   This variable, if set, will	override  the  default
			   message language.  It is an ISO 639 two-letter code
			   identifying the language.  Language codes  are  NOT
			   the same as the country codes given in ISO 3166.

       LANGUAGE		   This	 variable,  if	set, will override the default
			   message language.  This is a GNU extension that has
			   higher  priority  for  setting  the message catalog
			   than LANG or LC_ALL.

       LC_ALL		   and

       LC_MESSAGES	   These variables, if	set,  specify  the  notion  of
			   native language formatting style.  They are POSIXly

       LINGUAS		   This	 variable,  if	set  prior  to	configuration,
			   limits  the installed languages to specific values.
			   It is a space-separated list of  two-letter	codes.
			   Currently, it is hard-coded to a wish list.

       NLSPATH		   This	 variable,  if set, is used as the path prefix
			   for message catalogs.

       This is the Lynx v2.8.7 Release; development is in progress for 2.8.8.

       If you wish to contribute to the further development of Lynx, subscribe
       to  our mailing list.  Send email to <> with
       "subscribe lynx-dev" as the only line in the body of your message.

       Send bug reports, comments, suggestions to <>	 after

       Unsubscribe  by	sending	 email	to  <> with
       "unsubscribe lynx-dev" as the only line in the body  of	your  message.
       Do not send the unsubscribe message to the lynx-dev list, itself.

       catgets(3),  curses(3),	environ(7),  execve(2),	 ftp(1), gettext(GNU),
       localeconv(3),	ncurses(3),   setlocale(3),   slang(?),	   termcap(5),
       terminfo(5), wget(GNU)

       Note that man page availability and section numbering is somewhat plat‐
       form dependent, and may vary from the above references.

       A section shown as (GNU), is intended to denote that the topic  may  be
       available via an info page, instead of a man page (i.e., try "info sub‐
       ject", rather than "man subject").

       A section shown as (?) denotes that documentation on the topic  exists,
       but  is	not part of an established documentation retrieval system (see
       the distribution files associated with the topic, or contact your  Sys‐
       tem Administrator for further information).

       Lynx  has  incorporated	code  from a variety of sources along the way.
       The earliest versions of Lynx included code from Earl Fogel of  Comput‐
       ing  Services at the University of Saskatchewan, who implemented HYPER‐
       REZ in the Unix environment.  HYPERREZ was developed by Niel Larson  of  and  served  as  the	model  for the early versions of Lynx.
       Those versions also incorporated libraries from the Unix Gopher clients
       developed  at  the  University  of Minnesota, and the later versions of
       Lynx rely on the WWW client library code developed by  Tim  Berners-Lee
       and  the	 WWW  community.  Also a special thanks to Foteos Macrides who
       ported much of Lynx to VMS and did or organized most of its development
       since  the  departures of Lou Montulli and Garrett Blythe from the Uni‐
       versity of Kansas in the summer of 1994 through the release of  v2.7.2,
       and  to	everyone  on the net who has contributed to Lynx's development
       either directly (through patches, comments or bug reports) or indirect‐
       ly (through inspiration and development of other systems).

       Lou  Montulli,  Garrett	Blythe, Craig Lavender, Michael Grobe, Charles
       Academic Computing Services
       University of Kansas
       Lawrence, Kansas 66047

       Foteos Macrides
       Worcester Foundation for Biomedical Research
       Shrewsbury, Massachusetts 01545

       Thomas E. Dickey


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