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MAIL.LOCAL(8)							 MAIL.LOCAL(8)

NAME
       mail.local - store mail in a mailbox

SYNOPSIS
       mail.local  [-7]	 [-B]  [-b] [-d] [-D mbdb] [-l] [-s] [-f from|-r from]
       [-h filename ] user ...

DESCRIPTION
       Mail.local reads the standard input up to an end-of-file and appends it
       to each user's mail file.  The user must be a valid user name.

       The options are as follows:

       -7	 Do not advertise 8BITMIME support in LMTP mode.

       -B	 Turn off the attempts to notify the service.

       -b	 Return	 a  permanent  error instead of a temporary error if a
		 mailbox exceeds quota.

       -d	 Specify this is  a  delivery  (for  backward  compatibility).
		 This option has no effect.

       -D mbdb	 Specify  the  name  of	 the mailbox database which is used to
		 look up local recipient names.	 This option defaults to "pw",
		 which means use getpwnam().

       -f from	 Specify the sender's name.

       -l	 Turn on LMTP mode.

       -s	 Turn  off the call that forces the mailbox to be committed to
		 disk before returning a status.

       -r from	 Specify the sender's name (for backward compatibility).  Same
		 as -f.

       -h filename
		 Store	incoming mail in filename in the user's home directory
		 instead of a system mail spool directory.

       The next options are only available if  mail.local  has	been  compiled
       with -DHASHSPOOL.

       -H hashtypehashdepth
	      Select hashed mail directories.  Valid hash types are u for user
	      name and m for MD5 (requires compilation	with  -DHASHSPOOLMD5).
	      Example: -H u2 selects user name hashing with a hash depth of 2.
	      Note: there must be no space  between  the  hash	type  and  the
	      depth.

       -p path
	      Specify an alternate mail spool path.

       -n     Specify that the domain part of recipient addresses in LMTP mode
	      should not be stripped.

       Individual mail messages in the mailbox are delimited by an empty  line
       followed	 by  a	line beginning with the string ``From ''.  A line con‐
       taining the string ``From '', the sender's name and  a  time  stamp  is
       prepended  to each delivered mail message.  A blank line is appended to
       each message.  A greater-than character (``>'')	is  prepended  to  any
       line  in	 the message which could be mistaken for a ``From '' delimiter
       line (that is, a line beginning with the five characters ``From '' fol‐
       lowing a blank line).

       The  mail  files	 are  exclusively  locked  with flock(2) while mail is
       appended, and a user.lock file also is created  while  the  mailbox  is
       locked for compatibility with older MUAs.

       If  the	``biff''  service  is  returned	 by getservbyname(3), the biff
       server is notified of delivered mail.

       The mail.local utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

ENVIRONMENT
       TZ     Used to set the appropriate time zone on the timestamp.

FILES
       /tmp/local.XXXXXX     temporary files
       /var/mail/user	     user's default mailbox directory
       /var/mail/user.lock   lock file for a user's default mailbox

SEE ALSO
       mail(1), flock(2), getservbyname(3), comsat(8), sendmail(8)

WARNING
       mail.local escapes only "^From " lines that follow an empty  line.   If
       all lines starting with "From " should be escaped, use the 'E' flag for
       the local mailer in the sendmail.cf file.

HISTORY
       A superset of mail.local (handling mailbox  reading  as	well  as  mail
       delivery) appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX as the program mail.

			 $Date: 2003/10/20 20:26:51 $		 MAIL.LOCAL(8)
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