MBRTOWC(3) BSD Library Functions Manual MBRTOWC(3)NAMEmbrtowc — convert a character to a wide-character code (restartable)
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
mbrtowc(wchar_t * restrict pwc, const char * restrict s, size_t n,
mbstate_t * restrict ps);
The mbrtowc() function inspects at most n bytes pointed to by s to deter‐
mine the number of bytes needed to complete the next multibyte character.
If a character can be completed, and pwc is not NULL, the wide character
which is represented by s is stored in the wchar_t it points to.
If s is NULL, mbrtowc() behaves as if pwc was NULL, s was an empty string
("") and n was 1.
The mbstate_t argument, ps, is used to keep track of the shift state. If
it is NULL, mbrtowc() uses an internal, static mbstate_t object, which is
initialized to the initial conversion state at program startup.
The mbrtowc() functions returns:
0 The next n or fewer bytes represent the null wide character
>0 The next n or fewer bytes represent a valid character, mbrtowc()
returns the number of bytes used to complete the multibyte char‐
The next n contribute to, but do not complete, a valid multibyte
character sequence, and all n bytes have been processed.
An encoding error has occurred. The next n or fewer bytes do not
contribute to a valid multibyte character.
The mbrtowc() function will fail if:
[EILSEQ] An invalid multibyte sequence was detected.
[EINVAL] The conversion state is invalid.
SEE ALSOmbtowc(3), multibyte(3), setlocale(3), wcrtomb(3)STANDARDS
The mbrtowc() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (“ISO C99”).
BSD April 8, 2004 BSD